How to format your references using the Frontiers in Epilepsy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Epilepsy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson, J. (2014). John Cornforth (1917-2013). Nature 506, 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feinberg, E. H., and Hunter, C. P. (2003). Transport of dsRNA into cells by the transmembrane protein SID-1. Science 301, 1545–1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savukov, I. M., Lee, S.-K., and Romalis, M. V. (2006). Optical detection of liquid-state NMR. Nature 442, 1021–1024.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Taki, F. A., Pan, X., Lee, M.-H., and Zhang, B. (2014). Nicotine exposure and transgenerational impact: a prospective study on small regulatory microRNAs. Sci. Rep. 4, 7513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek, V. (2017). Corrosion Engineering and Cathodic Protection Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Thangavel, P., and Sridevi, G. eds. (2015). Environmental Sustainability: Role of Green Technologies. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Beyleveld, D., and Pattinson, S. D. (2005). “Individual Rights, Social Justice, and the Allocation of Advances in Biotechnology,” in Public Health Policy and Ethics International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine., ed. M. Boylan (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 59–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Epilepsy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Has Metallic Hydrogen Been Achieved For The First Time? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1969). Federal Support for Research and Education: Costs and Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hylton, J. K. (2016). Scatter; Or, A Series or Minor Inconveniences.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). In the End, Conduct Is What Counts. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanson, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Feinberg and Hunter, 2003; Hanson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feinberg and Hunter, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Taki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Epilepsy
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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