How to format your references using the Frontiers in Epilepsy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Epilepsy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chin, J. W. (2012). Molecular biology. Reprogramming the genetic code. Science 336, 428–429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R. B., and Hummer, G. (2009). Biochemistry. Unfolding the secrets of calmodulin. Science 323, 593–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarborough, C. L., Ferrari, J., and Godfray, H. C. J. (2005). Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont. Science 310, 1781.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pannetier, M., Fermon, C., Le Goff, G., Simola, J., and Kerr, E. (2004). Femtotesla magnetic field measurement with magnetoresistive sensors. Science 304, 1648–1650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cyr, K. S. (2010). Microsoft® Exchange Server 2010 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Pal, B. D. (2015). GHG Emissions and Economic Growth: A Computable General Equilibrium Model Based Analysis for India. , eds. V. P. Ojha, S. Pohit, and J. Roy New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Banichuk, N. V., and Neittaanmäki, P. (2010). “Optimal Design of Beams and Plates with Uncertainties,” in Structural Optimization with Uncertainties Solid Mechanics and Its Applications., ed. P. Neittaanmäki (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Epilepsy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Venus May Have Had Oceans Of Carbon Dioxide. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Special Education Reform: Districts Grapple with Inclusion Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chellamuthu, V. K. (2015). Structured Population Models: Numerical Methods and Application to Frogs Infected with Chytridiomycosis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2012). Ann Richards Film Recalls A Woman and Her Era. New York Times, A23B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Best and Hummer, 2009; Chin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Best and Hummer, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Pannetier et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Epilepsy
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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