How to format your references using the Communications in Mathematical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Mathematical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst, M.: Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature. 464, 469 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., Duncan, J.H.: The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature. 421, 520–523 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilman, R.T., Nuismer, S.L., Jhwueng, D.-C.: Coevolution in multidimensional trait space favours escape from parasites and pathogens. Nature. 483, 328–330 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsalafouta, A., Papandroulakis, N., Gorissen, M., Katharios, P., Flik, G., Pavlidis, M.: Ontogenesis of the HPI axis and molecular regulation of the cortisol stress response during early development in Dicentrarchus labrax. Sci. Rep. 4, 5525 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, V.O.: Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2007)
An edited book
Richter, K.-F.: Landmarks: GIScience for Intelligent Services. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Constantin, J., Dogan, A., Andersson, O., Meinerzhagen, P., Rodrigues, J., Atienza, D., Burg, A.: An Ultra-Low-Power Application-Specific Processor with Sub-VT Memories for Compressed Sensing. In: Burg, A., Coṣkun, A., Guthaus, M., Katkoori, S., and Reis, R. (eds.) VLSI-SoC: From Algorithms to Circuits and System-on-Chip Design: 20th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, October 7-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 88–106. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Mathematical Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Stunning, Crystal-Clear Images Of Pluto – But What Do They Mean?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tools and Techniques for Improving the Efficiency of Federal Automatic Data Processing Operation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1974)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santoso, E.: Intellectual capital in Indonesia: The influence on financial performance of banking industry, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Precedents Begin Falling for Roberts Court, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Mathematical Physics
AbbreviationCommun. Math. Phys.
ISSN (print)0010-3616
ISSN (online)1432-0916
ScopeMathematical Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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