How to format your references using the Chinese Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abraham S. Climate. The Bush administration’s approach to climate change. Science. 2004 Jul 30;305(5684):616–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith JS, Boeke JD. Transcription. Is S phase important for transcriptional silencing? Science. 2001 Jan 26;291(5504):608–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kikushima K, Kita S, Higuchi H. A non-invasive imaging for the in vivo tracking of high-speed vesicle transport in mouse neutrophils. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1913.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Long JA, Trinajstic K, Young GC, Senden T. Live birth in the Devonian period. Nature. 2008 May 29;453(7195):650–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert EJ. The Annual Campaign. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Li D, Wang B, editors. Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: IFIP TC12 WG12.5 - Second IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI2005), September 7–9, 2005, Beijing, China. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. XX, 882 p. 284 illus. (IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing; vol. 187).
A chapter in an edited book
Røsæg E. The Athens Convention on Passenger Liability and the EU. In: Basedow J, Magnus U, Wolfrum R, editors. The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2007 & 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 55–75. (Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medical Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch The Moment A Herd Of Bison Are Returned To Canada’s Oldest National Park. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Direction Needed for Educating Handicapped Children in State Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: HRD-78-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederiksen MD. Engaging physicians to support corporate compliance programs: A grounded theory study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. ‘Fifty Shades’ Album Soars to No. 1. New York Times. 2017 Feb 20;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medical Journal
AbbreviationChin. Med. J. (Engl.)
ISSN (print)0366-6999
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles