How to format your references using the Chinese Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christianson DW. Chemistry. Roots of biosynthetic diversity. Science. 2007 Apr 6;316(5821):60–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karkazis K, Jordan-Young R. Science and society. Debating a testosterone “sex gap.” Science. 2015 May 22;348(6237):858–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cottam J, Paerels F, Mendez M. Gravitationally redshifted absorption lines in the X-ray burst spectra of a neutron star. Nature. 2002 Nov 7;420(6911):51–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Resta A, Leoni T, Barth C, Ranguis A, Becker C, Bruhn T, et al. Atomic structures of silicene layers grown on Ag(111): scanning tunneling microscopy and noncontact atomic force microscopy observations. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith CL. Basic Process Measurements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Rao CR. Linear Models and Generalizations: Least Squares and Alternatives. Third Extended Edition. Shalabh, Toutenburg H, Heumann C, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XIX, 572 p. (Springer Series in Statistics).
A chapter in an edited book
Ďurisová L, Asche H. Mapping Land Cover with Commercial and Freeware Image Classification Software – An Example from Bavaria, Germany. In: Gartner G, Ortag F, editors. Cartography in Central and Eastern Europe: CEE 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 77–87. (Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medical Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Watch Four Exoplanets Orbit Their Star In This Amazing Video [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Ocean Mining Technology Transfer (Best available copy). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Mar. Report No.: B-205876.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glover D. Reconciling the doctrine of original sin with principles of moral responsibility [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Hurricane Closes Houston Arts Center. New York Times. 2017 Sep 19;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medical Journal
AbbreviationChin. Med. J. (Engl.)
ISSN (print)0366-6999
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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