How to format your references using the Chinese Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell N. Joint European plan will tackle Africa’s killer diseases. Nature. 2003 Jan 2;421(6918):5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver BAA, Cleveland DW. Comment on “A centrosome-independent role for gamma-TuRC proteins in the spindle assembly checkpoint.” Science. 2007 May 18;316(5827):982; author reply 982.
A journal article with 3 authors
González-Gutiérrez J, Carrillo-Estrada JL, Ruiz-Suárez JC. Penetration of granular projectiles into a water target. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 24;4:6762.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lai YK, Tang YX, Huang JY, Pan F, Chen Z, Zhang KQ, et al. Bioinspired TiO₂ nanostructure films with special wettability and adhesion for droplets manipulation and patterning. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 22;3:3009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saint-Dizier P. Musical Rhetoric. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Rodríguez H. Handbook of Disaster Research. Quarantelli EL, Dynes RR, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. XXXI, 611 p. (Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research).
A chapter in an edited book
Li L. Logistics Development in Zhejiang Province. In: Liu BL, Lee SJ, Wang L, Xu Y, Li X, editors. Contemporary Logistics in China: Assimilation and Innovation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 65–83. (Current Chinese Economic Report Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medical Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. Jellyfish Are Efficient Swimmers Because They Suck [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Ohio State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Apr. Report No.: 088676.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson RA. Spectroelectrochemical Sensing and Detection of Zinc in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammerty on a Bismuth Film Electrode [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman J, Pilon M. Saudi Arabia May Send Women to Olympics. New York Times. 2012 Mar 21;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medical Journal
AbbreviationChin. Med. J. (Engl.)
ISSN (print)0366-6999
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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