How to format your references using the Chinese Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Market watch. Nature. 2006 Dec 14;444(7121):805.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ezzati M, Riboli E. Can noncommunicable diseases be prevented? Lessons from studies of populations and individuals. Science. 2012 Sep 21;337(6101):1482–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panday V, Tiest WMB, Kappers AML. Integration of length and curvature in haptic perception. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 24;4:3856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shen ZQ, Lo KY, Liang MC, Ho PTP, Zhao JH. A size of approximately 1 au for the radio source Sgr A* at the centre of the Milky Way. Nature. 2005 Nov 3;438(7064):62–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans GM, Furlong JC. Environmental Biotechnology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Pelcat M. Physical Layer Multi-Core Prototyping: A Dataflow-Based Approach for LTE eNodeB. Aridhi S, Piat J, Nezan JF, editors. London: Springer; 2013. XVI, 212 p. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 171).
A chapter in an edited book
Wang Z. Study on the Importance of Cultural Context Analysis in Machine Translation. In: Yin Z, Pan L, Fang X, editors. Proceedings of The Eighth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA), 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 29–35. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medical Journal.

Blog post
Taub B. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Medical Marijuana Laws Lead To Decrease In Opioid Painkiller Use. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Aviation Testing: Need to Reassess Consolidation Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-96-87.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag M. Emotion and the Labeling Process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Van Wyck Guardrails Take a Beating From Cars and Trump. New York Times. 2017 Apr 7;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medical Journal
AbbreviationChin. Med. J. (Engl.)
ISSN (print)0366-6999
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles