How to format your references using the Frontiers in Diabetes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Diabetes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak, M. A. (2008). Generosity: A winner’s advice. Nature 456, 579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Agnor, C. B., and Hamilton, D. P. (2006). Neptune’s capture of its moon Triton in a binary-planet gravitational encounter. Nature 441, 192–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yazdanbakhsh, M., Kremsner, P. G., and van Ree, R. (2002). Allergy, parasites, and the hygiene hypothesis. Science 296, 490–494.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Morth, J. P., Pedersen, B. P., Toustrup-Jensen, M. S., Sørensen, T. L.-M., Petersen, J., Andersen, J. P., et al. (2007). Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump. Nature 450, 1043–1049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy, J.-G., and Letamendia, C. (2014). LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Re, E. D., and Ruggieri, M. eds. (2008). Satellite Communications and Navigation Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, Y. T., and Chu, C. N. (2011). “The Design of Adaptive Error Feedback Music Ear-Training System with Image Cues,” in Human-Computer Interaction. Users and Applications: 14th International Conference, HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. J. A. Jacko (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 35–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Diabetes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). 10 Space Myths We Need to Stop Believing. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Aviation Acquisition: A Comprehensive Strategy Is Needed for Cultural Change at FAA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viruet, H. B. (2006). Effect of Forklift Operation on Lower Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Approach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015). Turning Nature Against Cancer. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowak, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Agnor and Hamilton, 2006; Nowak, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Agnor and Hamilton, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Morth et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Diabetes
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392
Scope

Other styles