How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cultural Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tymoczko, D. (2006). The geometry of musical chords. Science 313, 72–74.
A journal article with 2 authors
Head, J. J., and Polly, P. D. (2015). Evolution of the snake body form reveals homoplasy in amniote Hox gene function. Nature 520, 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mori, M. X., Erickson, M. G., and Yue, D. T. (2004). Functional stoichiometry and local enrichment of calmodulin interacting with Ca2+ channels. Science 304, 432–435.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Depaepe, V., Suarez-Gonzalez, N., Dufour, A., Passante, L., Gorski, J. A., Jones, K. R., et al. (2005). Ephrin signalling controls brain size by regulating apoptosis of neural progenitors. Nature 435, 1244–1250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, G. (2001). Experimentalphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Belzung, C., and Wigmore, P. eds. (2013). Neurogenesis and Neural Plasticity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boer, J., Vijver, M., Wesenbeeck, L., Herok, C., and Kuik, O. (2006). “Social Desirability: National and International Context,” in Sustainable Protein Production and Consumption: Pigs or Peas? Environment & Policy., eds. H. Aiking, J. de Boer, and J. Vereijken (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 129–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Over 70 Percent Of Japan’s Largest Coral Reef Is Dead After Bleaching. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration’s Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, M. (2009). Utilizing the Index of Learning Styles (ILS) in a technology-based publishing program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2008). NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST. New York Times, M282.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tymoczko, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tymoczko, 2006; Head and Polly, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Head and Polly, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Depaepe et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cultural Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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