How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cultural Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kargel, J. S. (2004). Planetary science. Proof for water, hints of life? Science 306, 1689–1691.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pera, M. F., and Tam, P. P. L. (2010). Extrinsic regulation of pluripotent stem cells. Nature 465, 713–720.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alonso, S., Sagués, F., and Mikhailov, A. S. (2003). Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science 299, 1722–1725.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, Z., Kesselman, E., Talmon, Y., Hillmyer, M. A., and Lodge, T. P. (2004). Multicompartment micelles from ABC miktoarm stars in water. Science 306, 98–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rubin, A. B. (2014). Fundamentals of Biophysics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Volcic, Z., and Andrejevic, M. eds. (2016). Commercial Nationalism: Selling the Nation and Nationalizing the Sell. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Pagliari, D. J., Poncino, M., and Macii, E. (2016). “Energy-Efficient Digital Processing via Approximate Computing,” in Smart Systems Integration and Simulation, eds. N. Bombieri, M. Poncino, and G. Pravadelli (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 55–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). New Analysis Of Sunspot History Challenges Climate Skeptics. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Army Aviation: Modernization Strategy Needs to Be Reassessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clemons, B. L. (2010). A correlational study of the ventures for excellence interview-rating system and first year teacher evaluations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stephens, J. (2017). Secrets of the Metropolis. New York Times, BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kargel, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kargel, 2004; Pera and Tam, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pera and Tam, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cultural Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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