How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cultural Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Childress, L. (2014). Physics. Diamond dynamics under control. Science 345, 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischbach, M. A., and Walsh, C. T. (2006). Biochemistry. Directing biosynthesis. Science 314, 603–605.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tseng, C.-H., Gobell, J. L., and Sperling, G. (2004). Long-lasting sensitization to a given colour after visual search. Nature 428, 657–660.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ernstorfer, R., Harb, M., Hebeisen, C. T., Sciaini, G., Dartigalongue, T., and Miller, R. J. D. (2009). The formation of warm dense matter: experimental evidence for electronic bond hardening in gold. Science 323, 1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadati, N., Dumont, G. A., Hamed, K. A., and Gruver, W. A. (2012). Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Keller, A., and Martin-Flatin, J.-P. eds. (2006). Self-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kondo, K. (2009). “Liquid Embolic Agents,” in Transcatheter Embolization and Therapy, eds. D. Kessel and C. Ray (London: Springer), 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Dolphin Attempts To Revive Its Dead Calf. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pradhan, S. H. (2017). User Interface Design, Database Connectivity, and Security in Fortified Cards.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2014). A Meeting That Couples Often Find Daunting. New York Times, ST21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Childress, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fischbach and Walsh, 2006; Childress, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischbach and Walsh, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ernstorfer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cultural Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles