How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cultural Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wheeler, A. R. (2008). Chemistry. Putting electrowetting to work. Science 322, 539–540.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brosi, B. J., and Biber, E. G. N. (2012). Conservation. Citizen involvement in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Science 337, 802–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoh, N., Nakashima, T., and Yamamoto, K. (2013). Metastability of anatase: size dependent and irreversible anatase-rutile phase transition in atomic-level precise titania. Sci. Rep. 3, 1959.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Perdomo, D., Baron, B., Rojo-Domínguez, A., Raynal, B., England, P., and Guillén, N. (2013). The α-helical regions of KERP1 are important in Entamoeba histolytica adherence to human cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 1171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin, D. F., Worden, B. L., Wootton, B. M., and Gilliam, C. M. (2017). CBT for Hoarding Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Isokoski, P., and Springare, J. eds. (2012). Haptics: Perception, Devices, Mobility, and Communication: International Conference, EuroHaptics 2012, Tampere, Finland, June 13-15, 2012. Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Poggi, A., Lembo, D., Calvanese, D., De Giacomo, G., Lenzerini, M., and Rosati, R. (2008). “Linking Data to Ontologies,” in Journal on Data Semantics X Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. S. Spaccapietra (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 133–173.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cultural Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Pig-Like “Bacon Turtle” Swam The Ancient Waterways Of Utah. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Small Businesses and Innovation, Small Business Research Conference. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marulkar, S. (2016). Indoor object localization system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017). Le Pen Shifts A Strategy: Feminizing The Far Right. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wheeler, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Wheeler, 2008; Brosi and Biber, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brosi and Biber, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Perdomo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cultural Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles