How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, S. (2004). Insignificance. Nature 429, 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spencer, J. R., and Denk, T. (2010). Formation of Iapetus’ extreme albedo dichotomy by exogenically triggered thermal ice migration. Science 327, 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sibanda, B. L., Chirgadze, D. Y., and Blundell, T. L. (2010). Crystal structure of DNA-PKcs reveals a large open-ring cradle comprised of HEAT repeats. Nature 463, 118–121.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Glotzer, J. B., Saltik, M., Chiocca, S., Michou, A. I., Moseley, P., and Cotten, M. (2000). Activation of heat-shock response by an adenovirus is essential for virus replication. Nature 407, 207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prazeres, D. M. F. (2011). Plasmid Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schomburg, D., Schomburg, I., and Chang, A. eds. (2006). Class 2 · Transferases IV: EC 2.4.1.1. -2.4.1.89. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fairclough, S. R. (2015). “Choanoflagellates: Perspective on the Origin of Animal Multicellularity,” in Evolutionary Transitions to Multicellular Life: Principles and mechanisms Advances in Marine Genomics., eds. I. Ruiz-Trillo and A. M. Nedelcu (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 99–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Deep Sea Species Mystery Partially Explained. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/deep-sea-species-mystery-partially-explained/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Information Technology: Library of Congress Needs to Implement Recommendations to Address Management Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, B. (2013). Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Oscillator with Quadratic Nonlinearity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). High Court Puts Limits On Patents. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carroll, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll, 2004; Spencer and Denk, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spencer and Denk, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Glotzer et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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