How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D. (2003). Investing to compete. Ontario. Nature 425, 104–105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradbury, A., and Plückthun, A. (2015). Reproducibility: Standardize antibodies used in research. Nature 518, 27–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinberger, B., Sutherland, R., and O’Connell, R. J. (2004). Prediction of Emperor-Hawaii seamount locations from a revised model of global plate motion and mantle flow. Nature 430, 167–173.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Altamirano, M. M., Blackburn, J. M., Aguayo, C., and Fersht, A. R. (2000). Directed evolution of new catalytic activity using the alpha/beta-barrel scaffold. Nature 403, 617–622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szeman, I., and O’Brien, S. (2017). Popular Culture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zannier, U. ed. (2015). Colloquium De Giorgi 2013 and 2014. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore.
A chapter in an edited book
Gales, M. J. F. (2011). “Model-Based Approaches to Handling Uncertainty,” in Robust Speech Recognition of Uncertain or Missing Data: Theory and Applications, eds. D. Kolossa and R. Häb-Umbach (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 101–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Could Squid And Chips Become The New National Dish Of Great Britain? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). The Management and Operation of FCC’s Public Reference Rooms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crooks, R. H. (2012). Analysis Of The XY Spin 1/2 Model In Staggered Field And Networks Of D-Wave Josephson Junctions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevens, M. (2017). Dating Services Move To Block Extremists. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Spurgeon, 2003; Bradbury and Plückthun, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradbury and Plückthun, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Altamirano et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles