How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2005). Path to approval proves rocky for copycat biodrugs. Nature 438, 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbert, T., and Schauer, M. (2002). Burnt into memory. Nature 419, 883.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, A., Kinjo, R., and Ichinohe, M. (2004). A stable compound containing a silicon-silicon triple bond. Science 305, 1755–1757.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoo, C.-H., Yeom, J.-H., Heo, J.-J., Song, E.-K., Lee, S.-I., and Han, M.-K. (2014). Interferon β protects against lethal endotoxic and septic shock through SIRT1 upregulation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heads, G. (2017). Living Mindfully. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pop, V. (2008). Battery Management Systems: Accurate State-of-Charge Indication for Battery-Powered Applications. , eds. H. J. Bergveld, D. Danilov, P. P. L. Regtien, and P. H. L. Notten Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah, P. P. (2016). “Agency as Negotiation: Social Norms, Girls’ Schooling and Marriage in Gujarat, India,” in Education and Youth Agency: Qualitative Case Studies in Global Contexts Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development., eds. J. G. DeJaeghere, J. Josić, and K. S. McCleary (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Hidden Layers Have Been Found In The Tomb Of Jesus Christ. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Mass Transit: FTA’s New Starts Commitments for Fiscal Year 2003. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vallaster, J. R. (2019). Recognizing and Supporting the Forgotten Poverty Frontier: Exploring Suburban School Poverty in Elementary Schools.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2006). Advice to Mileage Misers: Use the Hoard Now. New York Times, TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Elbert and Schauer, 2002; Wadman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elbert and Schauer, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Molecular Targets and Therapeutics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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