How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchenau, J. (2009). Global Darwin: Multicultural mergers. Nature 462, 284–285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlip, S., and Vaidya, S. (2003). Cosmology: Do black holes constrain varying constants? Nature 421, 498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunham, E. M., Favreau, P., and Carlson, J. M. (2003). A supershear transition mechanism for cracks. Science 299, 1557–1559.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Waterhouse, G. I. N., Wahab, A. K., Al-Oufi, M., Jovic, V., Anjum, D. H., Sun-Waterhouse, D., et al. (2013). Hydrogen production by tuning the photonic band gap with the electronic band gap of TiO₂. Sci. Rep. 3, 2849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J. (2008). Understanding Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Candaele, B., Soudris, D., and Anagnostopoulos, I. eds. (2015). Trusted Computing for Embedded Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Iyer, K. M. (2013). “Infection,” in General Principles of Orthopedics and Trauma, ed. K. M. Iyer (London: Springer), 27–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Scientists Claim To Have Reversed Menopause. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams-Newball, T. I. (2014). Domain, Community and Practice: An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Communities of Practice and Professional Identity Among Veterinarians.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Craig, S. (2016). Trump’s Brand Gets Lift From Aging Air Fleet. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchenau, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Carlip and Vaidya, 2003; Buchenau, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlip and Vaidya, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Waterhouse et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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