How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suddendorf, T. (2006). Behavior. Foresight and evolution of the human mind. Science 312, 1006–1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fearon, E. R., and Cadigan, K. M. (2005). Cell biology. Wnt signaling glows with RNAi. Science 308, 801–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lim, H. S., Rim, Y. S., and Kim, H. J. (2014). Photoresist-free fully self-patterned transparent amorphous oxide thin-film transistors obtained by sol-gel process. Sci. Rep. 4, 4544.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Becker, M. A., Vaxenburg, R., Nedelcu, G., Sercel, P. C., Shabaev, A., Mehl, M. J., et al. (2018). Bright triplet excitons in caesium lead halide perovskites. Nature 553, 189–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brunet, R. (2013). Sustainable Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dimitrijević, B. ed. (2013). Innovations for Sustainable Building Design and Refurbishment in Scotland: The Outputs of CIC Start Online Project. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hibino, M., and Yao, T. (2010). “γ-Ferric Oxide / Carbon Composite Synthesized by Aqueous Solution Method as a Cathode for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” in Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2009 Green Energy and Technology., ed. T. Yao (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). A 75-Pound Pearl Has Been Hidden Under A Fisherman’s Bed For 10 Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Intelligence Programs: New RC-135 Aircraft Engines Can Reduce Cost and Improve Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plaza, J. L. (2012). The Latina/o migrant college student experience.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J. (2015). A Police Shot to a Boy’s Back, Echoing Since ’73. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Suddendorf, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fearon and Cadigan, 2005; Suddendorf, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fearon and Cadigan, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Becker et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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