How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trono, D. (2003). Virology. Picking the right spot. Science 300, 1670–1671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, L. A., and Endler, J. A. (2012). Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds. Science 335, 335–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sergio, F., Newton, I., and Marchesi, L. (2005). Conservation: top predators and biodiversity. Nature 436, 192.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sandström, M., Jalilehvand, F., Persson, I., Gelius, U., Frank, P., and Hall-Roth, I. (2002). Deterioration of the seventeenth-century warship Vasa by internal formation of sulphuric acid. Nature 415, 893–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon, T., and Grossman, S. (2007). Moderating Severe Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, L., and Shen, W. eds. (2007). Process Planning and Scheduling for Distributed Manufacturing. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, L., Liu, Y., Hausheer, D., and Stiller, B. (2009). “Design and Evaluation of a Combinatorial Double Auction for Resource Allocations in Grids,” in Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. P. Reichl, B. Stiller, and B. Tuffin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Higgs Boson Seen At Work For The First Time. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Telephone Communications: Bell Operating Company Entry Into New Lines of Business. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woods, B. A. (2006). The Perceived Efficacy of an Empowerment Model of Youth Development among Vermont Educational Leaders.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kershner, I., Goldman, A., Blinder, A., and Pérez-Peña, R. (2017). Teenager in Israel Is Arrested in Threats to U.S. Jewish Centers. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trono, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Trono, 2003; Kelley and Endler, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelley and Endler, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sandström et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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