How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohn, E. (2015). Israel: Research without prejudice. Nature 525, S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahmed, S., and Hodgkin, J. (2000). MRT-2 checkpoint protein is required for germline immortality and telomere replication in C. elegans. Nature 403, 159–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, H., Aihara, K., and Chen, L. (2014). Detecting causality from nonlinear dynamics with short-term time series. Sci. Rep. 4, 7464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Darquié, B., Jones, M. P. A., Dingjan, J., Beugnon, J., Bergamini, S., Sortais, Y., et al. (2005). Controlled single-photon emission from a single trapped two-level atom. Science 309, 454–456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, R. G. (2009). Environmental Calculations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Psaila, G., and Wagner, R. eds. (2007). E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 8th International Conference, EC-Web 2007, Regensburg, Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roth, W.-M., and Radford, L. (2011). “Re/Thinking the Zone of Proximal Development,” in A Cultural-Historical Perspective on Mathematics Teaching and Learning, eds. W.-M. Roth and L. Radford (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). New Stage in Cycle of Galaxies. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Summary of a Report: The National School Lunch Program, Is It Working? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urquidi, A. J. (2015). Condolences to all of you: Late eulogies of a half-complacent birthday boy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tankersley, J. (2017). Federal Debt Is Not Reduced By Gains in Market. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sohn, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ahmed and Hodgkin, 2000; Sohn, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahmed and Hodgkin, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Darquié et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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