How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology of the Near East citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology of the Near East (BNE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. (2001), Network boost for southeast Europe, Nature 410(6829):619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bringmann H., Hyman A.A. (2005), A cytokinesis furrow is positioned by two consecutive signals, Nature 436(7051):731–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elioff M.S., Valentini J.J., Chandler D.W. (2003), Subkelvin cooling NO molecules via “billiard-like” collisions with argon, Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5652):1940–1943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakata M., Zanchetta G., Chapman B.D., Jones C.D., Cross J.O., Pindak R., Bellini T., Clark N.A. (2007), End-to-end stacking and liquid crystal condensation of 6 to 20 base pair DNA duplexes, Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5854):1276–1279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richter D.H. (2017), Reading the Eighteenth-Century Novel, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shayler D.J. (2007), NASA’s Scientist-Astronauts, (C. Burgess, Ed.), New York, NY: Praxis.
A chapter in an edited book
Avanzini M., Moser G. (2009), Dependency Pairs and Polynomial Path Orders [in:] “Rewriting Techniques and Applications: 20th International Conference, RTA 2009 Brasília, Brazil, June 29 - July 1, 2009 Proceedings,” R. Treinen (ed.), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 48–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology of the Near East.

Blog post
Fang J. (2014, March 26), Oil Spill May Have Caused Heart Defects In Fish. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999), National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion, No. RCED-99-66R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevin M.J. (2017), Addressing the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods Associated with Participation in Student Government Associations: A Qualitative Study of California Community Colleges, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sweeney-James K.A. (2017, July 31), Remembering Nana, New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bringmann & Hyman 2005; Schiermeier 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bringmann & Hyman 2005)
  • Three authors: (Elioff, Valentini, & Chandler 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nakata et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology of the Near East
ISSN (print)1898-9403
ISSN (online)1899-962X

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