How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology of the Near East citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology of the Near East (BNE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenlof K.H. (2003), Atmospheric science. How water enters the stratosphere, Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5651):1691–1692.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin O.Y., Hosken D.J. (2003), The evolution of reproductive isolation through sexual conflict, Nature 423(6943):979–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carrez P., Ferré D., Cordier P. (2007), Implications for plastic flow in the deep mantle from modelling dislocations in MgSiO3 minerals, Nature 446(7131):68–70.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Galli C., Lagutina I., Crotti G., Colleoni S., Turini P., Ponderato N., Duchi R., Lazzari G. (2003), Pregnancy: a cloned horse born to its dam twin, Nature 424(6949):635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips J.J., Brantley W., Phillips P.P. (2011), Project Management ROI, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dubey A.K., Biswas A. (Eds.) (2016), India and Africa’s Partnership: A Vision for a New Future, 1st ed. 2016, New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Benepal T., Matakidou A., Zee Y., Houlston R., Eisen T. (2006), Genetics of Lung Cancer: Current Thinking on Genetic Predisposition to the Disease and Response to Treatment [in:] “Tumors of the Chest: Biology, Diagnosis and Management,” K.N. Syrigos, C.M. Nutting, C. Roussos (eds.), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology of the Near East.

Blog post
Davis J. (2015, April 28), Scientist Turn Pancreatic Cancer Cells Into Normal Cells. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989), Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE’s Super Collider, No. RCED-89-18, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nesbit P.R. (2014), Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles and Structure from Motion: A fresh approach to photogrammetry, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M.W. (2011, August 29), Irene Adds To Bad Year For Insurers, New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosenlof 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Martin & Hosken 2003; Rosenlof 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin & Hosken 2003)
  • Three authors: (Carrez, Ferré, & Cordier 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Galli et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology of the Near East
ISSN (print)1898-9403
ISSN (online)1899-962X

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