How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology of the Near East citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology of the Near East (BNE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin M.A. (2002), Tech.Sight. Understanding disease cell by cell, Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5571):1329–1330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dekel E., Alon U. (2005), Optimality and evolutionary tuning of the expression level of a protein, Nature 436(7050):588–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tateishi-Karimata H., Nakano M., Sugimoto N. (2014), Comparable stability of Hoogsteen and Watson-Crick base pairs in ionic liquid choline dihydrogen phosphate, Scientific Reports 4:3593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang Y., Duan C., Peng L., Liao J. (2014), Dimensionality-dependent charge transport in close-packed nanoparticle arrays: from 2D to 3D, Scientific Reports 4:7565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kario K. (2015), Essential Manual of 24 Hour Blood Pressure Management, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Satapathy S.C., Udgata S.K., Biswal B.N. (Eds.) (2014), Proceedings of the International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA) 2013, Vol. 247, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohan J., Breeze B. (2016), How Intermediaries Affect the Distribution of Charitable Benefit [in:] “The Logic of Charity: Great Expectations in Hard Times,” B. Breeze (ed.), London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 91–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology of the Near East.

Blog post
Hale T. (2016, May 9), Ivy League Academic Removed From Plane And Questioned After Passenger Spotted His Equations. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999), Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of the Water Industry, No. AIMD-99-151, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen C.M. (2009), A violinist in a non-classical world: Sugizo’s use of violin in popular music, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isaac M. (2017, July 30), Uber Board, Deeply Split, Can’t Agree On a C.E.O, New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubin 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dekel & Alon 2005; Rubin 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dekel & Alon 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tateishi-Karimata, Nakano, & Sugimoto 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang, Duan, Peng, & Liao 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology of the Near East
ISSN (print)1898-9403
ISSN (online)1899-962X

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