How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology of the Near East citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology of the Near East (BNE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt G. (2007), Paleontology. Variation and early evolution, Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5837):459–460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fainman Y., Porter G. (2013), Applied physics. Directing data center traffic, Science (New York, N.Y.) 342(6155):202–203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Umari P., Mosconi E., De Angelis F. (2014), Relativistic GW calculations on CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3SnI3 perovskites for solar cell applications, Scientific Reports 4:4467.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Headland S.E., Jones H.R., D’Sa A.S.V., Perretti M., Norling L.V. (2014), Cutting-edge analysis of extracellular microparticles using ImageStream(X) imaging flow cytometry, Scientific Reports 4:5237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carne E.B. (2011), Connections for the Digital Age, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Das S. (2015), Microbial Biotechnology- A Laboratory Manual for Bacterial Systems, (H. R. Dash, Ed.), New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen H., Chen G., Cai L., Yang Y. (2016), Research of Large-Scale and Complex Agricultural Data Classification Algorithms Based on the Spatial Variability [in:] “Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture IX: 9th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2015, Beijing, China, September 27-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Part I,” D. Li, Z. Li (eds.), Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology of the Near East.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015, June 1), Blue Aurora Spotted On The Red Planet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014), Surface Transportation: Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program, No. GAO-14-766, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patel D.S. (2017), GoSchoolPro: A Web Portal for the Students Using MVC Architecture and ASP.NET Framework, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. (1993, September 7), PRESIDENT TAKES PLANS TO VOTERS, New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunt 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fainman & Porter 2013; Hunt 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fainman & Porter 2013)
  • Three authors: (Umari, Mosconi, & De Angelis 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Headland, Jones, D’Sa, Perretti, & Norling 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology of the Near East
ISSN (print)1898-9403
ISSN (online)1899-962X

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