How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology of the Near East citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology of the Near East (BNE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paterlini M. (2011), Anthropology: The Iceman defrosted, Nature 471(7336):34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives A.R., Cardinale B.J. (2004), Food-web interactions govern the resistance of communities after non-random extinctions, Nature 429(6988):174–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
James A., Pitchford J.W., Plank M.J. (2013), James et al. reply, Nature 500(7463):E2-3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang J., Juszkiewicz M., de Jeu W.H., Cerda E., Emrick T., Menon N., Russell T.P. (2007), Capillary wrinkling of floating thin polymer films, Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5838):650–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa R. (2016), Advertising by Design, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
König A., Dengel A., Hinkelmann K., Kise K., Howlett R.J., Jain L.C. (Eds.) (2011), Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV, Vol. 6884, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kwak D., Kiris C.C. (2011), Artificial Compressibility Method [in:] “Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows,” C.C. Kiris (ed.), Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 41–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology of the Near East.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2014, July 8), Researchers Make Significant Progress In The Development Of An Alzheimer’s Blood Test. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008), Office of Personnel Management: Improvements Needed to Ensure Successful Retirement Systems Modernization, No. GAO-08-345, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henderson M.M. (2013), Coming to Terms: Career Development Experiences of NCAA Division I Female Student-Athletes in Transition, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M.W., Zezima K. (2011, August 2), Small City, Big Debt Problems, New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paterlini 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ives & Cardinale 2004; Paterlini 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives & Cardinale 2004)
  • Three authors: (James, Pitchford, & Plank 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology of the Near East
ISSN (print)1898-9403
ISSN (online)1899-962X

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