How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology of the Near East citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology of the Near East (BNE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. (2015), Change the cancer conversation, Nature 520(7545):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Im S.H., Taghert P.H. (2011), Neuroscience. A CRY to rise, Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6023):1394–1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishiyama T., Ohsumi K., Kishimoto T. (2007), Phosphorylation of Erp1 by p90rsk is required for cytostatic factor arrest in Xenopus laevis eggs, Nature 446(7139):1096–1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cohen G.L., Garcia J., Apfel N., Master A. (2006), Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological intervention, Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5791):1307–1310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berntsen E.S., Thompson J. (2015), A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Machado J.A.T., Baleanu D., Luo A.C.J. (Eds.) (2014), Discontinuity and Complexity in Nonlinear Physical Systems, Vol. 6, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ackerman S.J. (2012), Eosinophil Biology in the Pathogenesis of Eosinophilic Disorders [in:] “Eosinophilic Esophagitis,” C.A. Liacouras, J.E. Markowitz (eds.), Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, pp. 39–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology of the Near East.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015, October 23), We Talk To Neil deGrasse Tyson About Mars One, Being A Geek, And How To Get People Excited About Science. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972), Review of the Emergency School Assistance Program Community Grants Awarded to the Nashville Urban League by the Office of Education, HEW, No. B-164031(1), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson K. (2015), Paid formal caregivers and caregiver burden: A quantitative study, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. (2017, July 21), Another Williams Takes His Turn, New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Im & Taghert 2011; Macilwain 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Im & Taghert 2011)
  • Three authors: (Nishiyama, Ohsumi, & Kishimoto 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cohen, Garcia, Apfel, & Master 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology of the Near East
ISSN (print)1898-9403
ISSN (online)1899-962X

Other styles