How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sundqvist, B. (2014). Mapping intermolecular bonding in C₆₀. Sci. Rep. 4, 6171.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg, C., and Stenmark, H. (2009). The ESCRT machinery in endosomal sorting of ubiquitylated membrane proteins. Nature 458, 445–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aida, T., Meijer, E. W., and Stupp, S. I. (2012). Functional supramolecular polymers. Science 335, 813–817.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lim, J., Lee, H.-G., Lee, S., Park, C.-Y., and Ahn, J. (2014). Ultrafast Ramsey interferometry to implement cold atomic qubit gates. Sci. Rep. 4, 5867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perini, K., and Sabbion, P. (2017). Urban Sustainability and River Restoration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Fugelsang, K. C., and Edwards, C. G. eds. (2007). Wine Microbiology: Practical Applications and Procedures. Second edition. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Montoya Sánchez de Pablo, J., Miravalles López, M., and Bret, A. (2016). “The Electrical Model,” in How Green are Electric or Hydrogen-Powered Cars?: Assessing GHG Emissions of Traffic in Spain SpringerBriefs in Energy., eds. M. Miravalles López and A. Bret (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). The iPhone 7’s Tagline Means Something Slightly Naughty In Hong Kong. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Month In Review: December 1998: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satterlee, R. T. (2009). A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1995). Children’s Books. New York Times, 723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sundqvist, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Raiborg and Stenmark, 2009; Sundqvist, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raiborg and Stenmark, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles