How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous, P. (2001). Millennium Dome sees signs of a Wellcome break. Nature 412, 258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Y., and Sontheimer, E. J. (2014). Structural biology. Cascading into focus. Science 345, 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seibel, B. A., Robison, B. H., and Haddock, S. H. D. (2005). Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 438, 929.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song, T., Cai, X., Tu, M. W.-Y., Zhang, X., Huang, B., Wilson, N. P., et al. (2018). Giant tunneling magnetoresistance in spin-filter van der Waals heterostructures. Science 360, 1214–1218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke, S. J., and Tinsley, F. C. (2005). Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Preve, N. P. ed. (2011). Grid Computing: Towards a Global Interconnected Infrastructure. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schreurs, M. A. (2016). “The German Energiewende in a European Context,” in Germany’s Energy Transition: A Comparative Perspective, eds. C. Hager and C. H. Stefes (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014). Watch A Mongoose Fend Off Four Lions. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Aviation Security: DHS and TSA Have Researched, Developed, and Begun Deploying Passenger Checkpoint Screening Technologies, but Continue to Face Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reitz, M. A. (2016). Nonlinear Robust Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors With Applications to Hybrid Electric Vehicles.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay, G., and Currie, A. (2010). Barclays’ Appetite For a U.S. Bank. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldhous, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Aldhous, 2001; Zhang and Sontheimer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Sontheimer, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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