How to format your references using the French Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for French Historical Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, Gerard. “Distalization of the Drosophila Leg by Graded EGF-Receptor Activity.” Nature 418, no. 6899 (August 15, 2002): 781–85.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, R. N., and S. A. Gibson. “Transient High Temperatures in Mantle Plume Heads Inferred from Magnesian Olivines in Phanerozoic Picrites.” Nature 407, no. 6803 (September 28, 2000): 502–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fry, Steven N., Rosalyn Sayaman, and Michael H. Dickinson. “The Aerodynamics of Free-Flight Maneuvers in Drosophila.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, no. 5618 (April 18, 2003): 495–98.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Petri, Giovanni, Paul Expert, Henrik J. Jensen, and John W. Polak. “Entangled Communities and Spatial Synchronization Lead to Criticality in Urban Traffic.” Scientific Reports 3 (2013): 1798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald, Hedeker, and Gibbons Robert D. Longitudinal Data Analysis: Hedeker/Longitudinal. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
Erdmann, Volker A., and Jan Barciszewski, eds. From Nucleic Acids Sequences to Molecular Medicine. RNA Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Dyshkant, Natalia. “Comparison of Point Clouds Acquired by 3D Scanner.” In Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 17th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2013, Seville, Spain, March 20-22, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Rocio Gonzalez-Diaz, Maria-Jose Jimenez, and Belen Medrano, 47–58. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for French Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “New IPad? Tech Firms Have Abandoned Radical Innovation For Mediocrity.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 22, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Air Force C-17 Embedded Computers.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 7, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky, Stephany. “Substance Abuse, Smoking, and Depression among Military Veterans.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. “Fantasy Frenzy? Or Eerie Dreams?” New York Times, August 24, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFrench Historical Studies
AbbreviationFr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0016-1071

Other styles