How to format your references using the French Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for French Historical Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McAuley, P. “Danger--Hard Hack Area.” Nature 404, no. 6773 (March 2, 2000): 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ischenko, Alexander A., and Murat K. Saparbaev. “Alternative Nucleotide Incision Repair Pathway for Oxidative DNA Damage.” Nature 415, no. 6868 (January 10, 2002): 183–87.
A journal article with 3 authors
LaRiviere, F. J., A. D. Wolfson, and O. C. Uhlenbeck. “Uniform Binding of Aminoacyl-TRNAs to Elongation Factor Tu by Thermodynamic Compensation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, no. 5540 (October 5, 2001): 165–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sinkins, Steven P., Thomas Walker, Amy R. Lynd, Andrew R. Steven, Ben L. Makepeace, H. Charles J. Godfray, and Julian Parkhill. “Wolbachia Variability and Host Effects on Crossing Type in Culex Mosquitoes.” Nature 436, no. 7048 (July 14, 2005): 257–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andria, Aude d’, and Inés Gabarret. Building 21st Century Entrepreneurship. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Hristu-Varsakelis, Dimitrios, and William S. Levine, eds. Handbook of Networked and Embedded Control Systems. 1st ed. Control Engineering. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Tisi, Massimo, Salvador Martínez, Frédéric Jouault, and Jordi Cabot. “Lazy Execution of Model-to-Model Transformations.” In Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems: 14th International Conference, MODELS 2011, Wellington, New Zealand, October 16-21, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Jon Whittle, Tony Clark, and Thomas Kühne, 32–46. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for French Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Female Anaconda At Safari Park Has ‘Virgin Birth.’” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 22, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “An Incident of Contamination of Livestock Feed and Certain Consumer Products.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 1, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khojandi, Niloufar. “Investigating Secondary Infections and Their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. “Obliviously, Wentz Fuels The Eagles’ Giddy Rise.” New York Times, October 30, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFrench Historical Studies
AbbreviationFr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0016-1071

Other styles