How to format your references using the French Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for French Historical Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bygbjerg, I. C. “Double Burden of Noncommunicable and Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337, no. 6101 (September 21, 2012): 1499–1501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jackson, J. B., and K. G. Johnson. “Paleoecology. Measuring Past Biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, no. 5539 (September 28, 2001): 2401–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, Catherine L., Catherine G. Constable, and Lisa Tauxe. “Geophysics. Mapping Long-Term Changes in Earth’s Magnetic Field.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, no. 5628 (June 27, 2003): 2044–45.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bower, Amy S., M. Susan Lozier, Stefan F. Gary, and Claus W. Böning. “Interior Pathways of the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.” Nature 459, no. 7244 (May 14, 2009): 243–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops, Stephen, and Vanessa Killops. Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2004.
An edited book
Mathai, A. M. The H-Function: Theory and Applications. Edited by Ram Kishore Saxena and Hans J. Haubold. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Chue, Kah Loong. “Examining the Influence of the Big Five Personality Traits on the Relationship Between Autonomy, Motivation and Academic Achievement in the Twenty-First-Century Learner.” In Motivation, Leadership and Curriculum Design: Engaging the Net Generation and 21st Century Learners, edited by Caroline Koh, 37–52. Singapore: Springer, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for French Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “You Should Really Be Nicer To Your Colleagues – Rude Behavior Is Contagious.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 3, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Comments on Legality of NASA Contracts.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 1, 1967.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tajer, Seyed Ali. “Topics in MIMO Networks.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. “Mormon-Backed Mall Breathes Life Into Salt Lake City.” New York Times, July 10, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFrench Historical Studies
AbbreviationFr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0016-1071

Other styles