How to format your references using the French Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for French Historical Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shevach, Ethan M. “Immunology. Regulating Suppression.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5899 (October 10, 2008): 202–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rees, Douglas C., and James B. Howard. “The Interface between the Biological and Inorganic Worlds: Iron-Sulfur Metalloclusters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, no. 5621 (May 9, 2003): 929–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coussens, Lisa M., Barbara Fingleton, and Lynn M. Matrisian. “Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors and Cancer: Trials and Tribulations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, no. 5564 (March 29, 2002): 2387–92.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Buckley, G. A., C. A. Brochu, D. W. Krause, and D. Pol. “A Pug-Nosed Crocodyliform from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar.” Nature 405, no. 6789 (June 22, 2000): 941–44.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernstein, Lawrence, and C. M. Yuhas. Trustworthy Systems through Quantitative Software Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Alexeev, Valery. Moduli of Weighted Hyperplane Arrangements. Edited by Gilberto Bini, Martí Lahoz, Emanuele Macrí, and Paolo Stellari. Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona. Basel: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bossomaier, Terry, Lionel Barnett, Michael Harré, and Joseph T. Lizier. “Information Transfer in Canonical Systems.” In An Introduction to Transfer Entropy: Information Flow in Complex Systems, edited by Lionel Barnett, Michael Harré, and Joseph T. Lizier, 97–123. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for French Historical Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. “No, An Asteroid Isn’t Going To Hit Earth And Kill Us All Any Time Soon.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 20, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “The Treasury Department and Its Bureaus Can Better Plan for and Control Computer Resources.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 22, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon-Owens, Nettie L. “Southern Virginia Higher Education Center: An Exploration of Factors Affecting Organizational Leadership.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyer, Jeffrey A., and Linda Ross Meyer. “Abolish Parole.” New York Times, October 28, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFrench Historical Studies
AbbreviationFr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0016-1071

Other styles