How to format your references using the French Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for French Historical Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan, Karen. “Unmasking the Impostor.” Nature 459, no. 7245 (May 21, 2009): 468–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasparakis, Manolis, and Peter Vandenabeele. “Necroptosis and Its Role in Inflammation.” Nature 517, no. 7534 (January 15, 2015): 311–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti, Hicham, Philippe Claudin, and Bruno Andreotti. “Field Evidence for Surface-Wave-Induced Instability of Sand Dunes.” Nature 437, no. 7059 (September 29, 2005): 720–23.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nicewarner-Pena, S. R., R. G. Freeman, B. D. Reiss, L. He, D. J. Pena, I. D. Walton, R. Cromer, C. D. Keating, and M. J. Natan. “Submicrometer Metallic Barcodes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, no. 5540 (October 5, 2001): 137–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, Roger M., Daan Nieboer, and Jolanta Misiewicz. Fat-Tailed Distributions: Volume 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Orlovskaya, Nina, and Mykola Lugovy, eds. Boron Rich Solids: Sensors, Ultra High Temperature Ceramics, Thermoelectrics, Armor. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Adkins, William A., and Mark G. Davidson. “Second Order Linear Differential Equations.” In Ordinary Differential Equations, edited by Mark G. Davidson, 331–81. Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for French Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “To Uncover The Secrets Of Exoplanets, Try Listening To Them.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 25, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Space Communications: Better Understanding of Scheduling System Limitations Needed.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 17, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doddick, Sylvano. “Noncontact 2D Plethysmography: A Non-Invasive Technique for Monitoring Dynamic Trends in a Respiratory System.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feinblatt, John. “Ban the Open Carry of Firearms.” New York Times, August 17, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFrench Historical Studies
AbbreviationFr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0016-1071

Other styles