How to format your references using the French Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for French Historical Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, Geoff. “Physicists Doubt That ‘corking’ Could Help Baseball’s Big Hitter.” Nature 423, no. 6941 (June 12, 2003): 674.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katoh, Hironori, and Manabu Negishi. “RhoG Activates Rac1 by Direct Interaction with the Dock180-Binding Protein Elmo.” Nature 424, no. 6947 (July 24, 2003): 461–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlidis, Ioannis, Norman L. Eberhardt, and James A. Levine. “Seeing through the Face of Deception.” Nature 415, no. 6867 (January 3, 2002): 35.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lamy, Frank, Jérôme Kaiser, Ulysses Ninnemann, Dierk Hebbeln, Helge W. Arz, and Joseph Stoner. “Antarctic Timing of Surface Water Changes off Chile and Patagonian Ice Sheet Response.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5679 (June 25, 2004): 1959–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine, Eric, and Marc Comet. Nanothermites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
O’Neill, Luke A. J., and Elizabeth Brint, eds. Toll-like Receptors in Inflammation. Progress in Inflammation Research. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Broda, Sabine, Sílvia Cavadas, Miguel Ferreira, and Nelma Moreira. “Deciding Synchronous Kleene Algebra with Derivatives.” In Implementation and Application of Automata: 20th International Conference, CIAA 2015, Umeå, Sweden, August 18-21, 2015, Proceedings, edited by Frank Drewes, 49–62. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for French Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Flat Battery? New Prototype Turns Waste Heat Into Electricity.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 18, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “State Department: Tourist Visa Processing Backlogs Persist at U.S. Consulates.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 13, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Grace. “Development of a Nutrition-Based Curriculum for Farm-to-School Programs for the Fourth and Fifth Grades.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. “6 Proposed School Budgets Pass in Revote.” New York Times, June 24, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFrench Historical Studies
AbbreviationFr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0016-1071

Other styles