How to format your references using the Annals of Agrarian Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Agrarian Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.E. Ahnert, Generalised power graph compression reveals dominant relationship patterns in complex networks, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4385.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.-Q. Gao, N.H. Shubin, Earliest known crown-group salamanders, Nature. 422 (2003) 424–428.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Nesić, Y. Hsu, C.E. Stebbins, Assembly and function of a bacterial genotoxin, Nature. 429 (2004) 429–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Finer, C.N. Jenkins, M.A.B. Sky, J. Pine, Logging concessions enable illegal logging crisis in the Peruvian Amazon, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.J. Chapman, Simple Tools and Techniques for Enterprise Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 2012.
An edited book
W.B. White, ed., The Caves of Burnsville Cove, Virginia: Fifty Years of Exploration and Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G.S. Fields, Should Poverty and Inequality Measures be Combined?, in: A. de Janvry, R. Kanbur (Eds.), Poverty, Inequality and Development: Essays in Honor of Erik Thorbecke, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006: pp. 67–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Agrarian Science.

Blog post
J. Davis, The Ganges And Yamuna Rivers Given Same Legal Rights As Humans, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Medicare Providers Unknown, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.E. Paustian, Evaluating competition between the non-native slug Arion subfuscus and the native slug Philomycus carolinianus, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, S. Yaccino, In Embattled Detroit, No Talk of Sharing Pain Between Retirees and Bondholders, New York Times. (2013) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Agrarian Science
AbbreviationAnn. Agrar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1512-1887

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