How to format your references using the Annals of Agrarian Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Agrarian Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Vogel, GENOMICS: Sanger Will Sequence Zebrafish Genome, Science. 290 (2000) 1671b.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.M. Robinson, J.K. Pfeiffer, Virology. Leaping the norovirus hurdle, Science. 346 (2014) 700–701.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Gong, A. Kirkeminde, S. Ren, Symmetry-defying iron pyrite (FeS₂) nanocrystals through oriented attachment, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2092.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B.R. Tenoever, S.-L. Ng, M.A. Chua, S.M. McWhirter, A. García-Sastre, T. Maniatis, Multiple functions of the IKK-related kinase IKKepsilon in interferon-mediated antiviral immunity, Science. 315 (2007) 1274–1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Gasser, E. Heiner, K. Elk, Greensche Funktionen in Festkörper- und Vielteilchenphysik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, eds., Dissipative Solitons, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Reiter, S. Williams, Generating Texts in Different Styles, in: S. Argamon, K. Burns, S. Dubnov (Eds.), The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Understanding Manner and Meaning, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Agrarian Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Could Russian Sanctions Restrict US Access To The International Space Station?, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Question Concerning Protest Under Army IFB for Dependent School Transportation], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Fountain, Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Leland, The Last Days for the Circus, New York Times. (2016) MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Agrarian Science
AbbreviationAnn. Agrar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1512-1887

Other styles