How to format your references using the Forensic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Hederstedt, Structural biology. Complex II is complex too, Science. 299 (2003) 671–672.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Sarewitz, R. Nelson, Three rules for technological fixes, Nature. 456 (2008) 871–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.D. Archibald, A.O. Averianov, E.G. Ekdale, Late Cretaceous relatives of rabbits, rodents, and other extant eutherian mammals, Nature. 414 (2001) 62–65.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Akamatsu, W. Tashiro, K. Saito, J.-I. Mamiya, M. Kinoshita, T. Ikeda, J. Takeya, S. Fujikawa, A. Priimagi, A. Shishido, Facile strain analysis of largely bending films by a surface-labelled grating method, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V.G. Pangarkar, Design of Multiphase Reactors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Z. Lacroix, E. Ruckhaus, M.-E. Vidal, eds., Resource Discovery: 5th International Workshop, RED 2012, Co-located with the 9th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2012, Heraklion, Greece, May 27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Ashiuchi, Occurrence and Biosynthetic Mechanism of Poly-Gamma-Glutamic Acid, in: Y. Hamano (Ed.), Amino-Acid Homopolymers Occurring in Nature, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Chemistry.

Blog post
K. Evans, Barbary Macaques To Get Highest Protection Level To Fight Pet Trade, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Overstatement of Contract Target Costs for F-1 Rocket Engines for Saturn V Launch Vehicle, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.D. Powell, An ethnographic case study of teachers who are alumni of the private day school for boys in which they teach, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, ‘A Doll’s House, Part 2’ Is Closing on Broadway, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Chemistry
AbbreviationForensic Chem.
ISSN (print)2468-1709
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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