How to format your references using the Food Quality and Preference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Quality and Preference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knowles, J. (2003). Chemistry. Seeing is believing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 2002–2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kump, L. R., & Barley, M. E. (2007). Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years ago. Nature, 448(7157), 1033–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeong, H., Chang, A. M., & Melloch, M. R. (2001). The Kondo effect in an artificial quantum dot molecule. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5538), 2221–2223.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rea, N., Esposito, P., Turolla, R., Israel, G. L., Zane, S., Stella, L., Mereghetti, S., Tiengo, A., Götz, D., Göğüş, E., & Kouveliotou, C. (2010). A low-magnetic-field soft gamma repeater. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 944–946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, G. (2012). Doing Physics with Scientific Notebook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhang, J. C. (2011). Theory and Practice of Soil Loss Control in Eastern China (D. L. DeAngelis & J. Y. Zhuang, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roth, W.-M., Goulart, M. I. M., & Plakitsi, K. (2013). Margin|Center. In M. I. M. Goulart & K. Plakitsi (Eds.), Science Education during Early Childhood: A Cultural-Historical Perspective (pp. 91–110). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Quality and Preference.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, November 18). GPS Satellites Could Find Dark Matter. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Rural Utilities Service: Opportunities to Operate Electricity and Telecommunications Loan Programs More Effectively (RCED-98-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donihoo, K. (2017). Best Practices and Strategies Used by Church Leaders to Mitigate and Prevent Burnout Among Church Volunteers [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Woideck, G. (2016, May 13). Buddha Provides Tap Shoes. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knowles, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knowles, 2003; Kump & Barley, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kump & Barley, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Jeong et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rea et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Quality and Preference
AbbreviationFood Qual. Prefer.
ISSN (print)0950-3293
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

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