How to format your references using the Food Quality and Preference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Quality and Preference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, T. E. (2015). LIFE HISTORY. Age-related mortality explains life history strategies of tropical and temperate songbirds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 966–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaeger, H., & Haas, H. (2004). Harnessing nonlinearity: predicting chaotic systems and saving energy in wireless communication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 78–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi, K., Yoshimura, J., & Hasegawa, E. (2013). Coexistence of sexual individuals and genetically isolated asexual counterparts in a thrips. Scientific Reports, 3, 3286.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Juillerat, A., Bertonati, C., Dubois, G., Guyot, V., Thomas, S., Valton, J., Beurdeley, M., Silva, G. H., Daboussi, F., & Duchateau, P. (2014). BurrH: a new modular DNA binding protein for genome engineering. Scientific Reports, 4, 3831.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, K. (2017). Sustainable and Green Electrochemical Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
LeRoith, D. (Ed.). (2012). Insulin-like Growth Factors and Cancer: From Basic Biology to Therapeutics. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gheriani, R., & Mechiakh, R. (2014). Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of Titanium Coatings on Steel Substrates. In E. K. Polychroniadis, A. Y. Oral, & M. Ozer (Eds.), International Multidisciplinary Microscopy Congress: Proceedings of InterM, Antalya, Turkey, October 10–13, 2013 (pp. 33–36). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Quality and Preference.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 28). Cracking The Mystery Of The ‘Worldwide Hum.’ IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). School Safety: Promising Initiatives for Addressing School Violence (HEHS-95-106). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ryan, B. A. (2012). Computer-Based Versus Paper-Pencil Modes of Administration United States Government End of Course Exams: Student Cumulative Grade Point Averages as Predictors of Success [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, M. (2013, March 29). A Brief Resurrection. New York Times, MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jaeger & Haas, 2004; Martin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaeger & Haas, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Kobayashi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Juillerat et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Quality and Preference
AbbreviationFood Qual. Prefer.
ISSN (print)0950-3293
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

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