How to format your references using the Food Quality and Preference citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Quality and Preference. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000). Northern lobby attacks UK synchrotron siting. Nature, 404(6776), 323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hotchkiss, R. S., & Sherwood, E. R. (2015). Immunology. Getting sepsis therapy right. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6227), 1201–1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie, X. S., Yu, J., & Yang, W. Y. (2006). Living cells as test tubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 228–230.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yarbrough, M. L., Li, Y., Kinch, L. N., Grishin, N. V., Ball, H. L., & Orth, K. (2009). AMPylation of Rho GTPases by Vibrio VopS disrupts effector binding and downstream signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 269–272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang, C. (2016). The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kop, C., Fliedl, G., Mayr, H. C., & Métais, E. (Eds.). (2006). Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 11th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2006, Klagenfurt, Austria, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 3999). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kok, L. J. J., Poston, K., & Moore, G. (2011). Bombardier Aerospace FSW Demonstrator. In J. Komorowski (Ed.), ICAF 2011 Structural Integrity: Influence of Efficiency and Green Imperatives: Proceedings of the 26th Symposium of the International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue, Montreal, Canada, 1-3 June 2011 (pp. 73–81). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Quality and Preference.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 31). The Science Of Taste, Or Why You Choose Fries Over Broccoli. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Improve Procurement Monitoring at Local Transit Authority (RCED-89-94). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naro, A. (2016). The effects of the structural components of 4-H residential summer programs on the achievement of the essential elements of positive youth development and the acquisition of targeted life skills [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder, A. (2014, September 17). Pennsylvania Officials Identify Suspect in Ambush at Barracks. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hotchkiss & Sherwood, 2015; Loder, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hotchkiss & Sherwood, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Xie et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yarbrough et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Quality and Preference
AbbreviationFood Qual. Prefer.
ISSN (print)0950-3293
ScopeFood Science
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles