How to format your references using the Food Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries, C., 2011. Genetics: Profiling a shape-shifter. Nature 480, S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Penner-Hahn, J.E., Yocum, C.F., 2005. Biochemistry. The photosynthesis “oxygen clock” gets a new number. Science 310, 982–983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone, J.V., Hunkin, N.M., Hornby, A., 2001. Predicting spontaneous recovery of memory. Nature 414, 167–168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferrie, A.M., Sun, H., Zaytseva, N., Fang, Y., 2014. Divergent label-free cell phenotypic pharmacology of ligands at the overexpressed β₂-adrenergic receptors. Sci. Rep. 4, 3828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hyatt, T.K., Hopkins, B.R., 2013. The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Orellana, G., Moreno-Bondi, M.C. (Eds.), 2005. Frontiers in Chemical Sensors: Novel Principles and Techniques, Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors, Methods and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Y., Kaku, I., Tang, J., Zhu, J., 2011. Genetic Algorithm-based Fuzzy Nonlinear Programming, in: Kaku, I., Tang, J., Zhu, J. (Eds.), Data Mining: Concepts, Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering Design, Decision Engineering. Springer, London, pp. 55–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Aspirin Could Treat Pea Farmers’ Biggest Headache – Drought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Changes Needed in the Tax Laws Governing the Exclusion for Scholarships and Fellowships and the Deduction of Job-Related Educational Expenses (No. GGD-78-72). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contartesi, R.A., 2010. School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ketcham, I.W., 1942. Feel of Child’s Hand Found Way to Restored Confidence. New York Times REVIEW OF THE WEEK EDITORIALSE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Humphries, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Humphries, 2011; Penner-Hahn and Yocum, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Penner-Hahn and Yocum, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferrie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Policy
AbbreviationFood Policy
ISSN (print)0306-9192
ScopeFood Science
Economics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

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