How to format your references using the Journal of the American Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bohannon J. The Gonzo Scientist. The Science Dance Match-Up Challenge. Science. 2009;324:332.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Constantinople CM, Bruno RM. Deep cortical layers are activated directly by thalamus. Science. 2013;340:1591–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lavine M, Szuromi P, Coontz R. Materials for grid energy. Electricity now and when. Introduction. Science. 2011;334:921.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Ito S, Stuphorn V, Brown JW, Schall JD. Performance monitoring by the anterior cingulate cortex during saccade countermanding. Science. 2003;302:120–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shi Z-J. Homogeneous Catalysis for Unreactive Bond Activation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Besley T, ed. Contemporary Issues in Development Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016: 1-XVI, 211 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xue C, Li Q. Liquid Crystal-Gold Nanoparticle Hybrid Materials. In: Li Q, ed. Nanoscience with Liquid Crystals: From Self-Organized Nanostructures to Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014: 101–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Heart Association.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. What Exactly Is A Super-Recognizer? IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/brain/exactly-is-superrecognizer/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Use of Appropriated Funds as Impact Aid to Educational Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Janowiecki S. The evolutionary status of high and extremely low surface brightness dwarf galaxies. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Gertrude of Arabia. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Heart Assoc.
ISSN (online)2047-9980
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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