How to format your references using the Journal of the American Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hughes V. Microbiome: Cultural differences. Nature. 2012;492:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Callan B, Gillespie I. The path to new medicines. Nature. 2007;449:164–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Beaber JW, Hochhut B, Waldor MK. SOS response promotes horizontal dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. Nature. 2004;427:72–74.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Tian H, Yang Y, Xie D, Cui Y-L, Mi W-T, Zhang Y, Ren T-L. Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure. Tray Distillation Columns. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1987.
An edited book
1.
Felber P, Rouvoy R, eds. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 11th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland, June 6-9, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011: 1-XII, 304 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Farnell J, Crookes PI. Trade. In: Irwin Crookes P, ed. The Politics of EU-China Economic Relations: An Uneasy Partnership. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016: 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Heart Association.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. How Do Trees Know When It’s Spring? IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spring-coming-how-do-trees-know/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Relocation of the Western Executive Seminar Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hill - Carter CN. Effects of teacher mentoring on teacher retention. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Harper’s Return Gives Nationals a Timely Boost. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Heart Assoc.
ISSN (online)2047-9980
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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