How to format your references using the Journal of the American Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Putnis A. Materials science. Why mineral interfaces matter. Science. 2014;343:1441–1442.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Martin TJ, Mundy GR. Bone metastasis: can osteoclasts be excluded? Nature. 2007;445:E19; discussion E19-20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alford RA, Dixon PM, Pechmann JH. Ecology. Global amphibian population declines. Nature. 2001;412:499–500.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Dann CE, Hsieh JC, Rattner A, Sharma D, Nathans J, Leahy DJ. Insights into Wnt binding and signalling from the structures of two Frizzled cysteine-rich domains. Nature. 2001;412:86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bhattacharyya AK. Phased Array Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Janicak PG, Marder SR, Tandon R, Goldman M, eds. Schizophrenia: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer; 2014: 1-XII, 331 p. 15 illus., 14 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ahn J-H. Analysis of Women Doctorates Entering the Labor Market in Republic of Korea. In: Park H, Kim K-K, eds. Korean Education in Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts. Singapore: Springer; 2014: 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Heart Association.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Lions Roam Rwanda Again After a 15-Year Absence. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lions-roam-rwanda-again-after-15-year-absence/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security are Under Way, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gilkes DM. Multiple modes of Mdmx regulation affect p53 activation. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Court Hears Arguments Linking Right to Sue and Spending on Religion. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Heart Assoc.
ISSN (online)2047-9980
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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