How to format your references using the Journal of the American Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kane TJ. Education. The long road to race-blindness. Science. 2003;302:571–573.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Levison HF, Morbidelli A. The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune’s migration. Nature. 2003;426:419–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Weisbuch M, Pauker K, Ambady N. The subtle transmission of race bias via televised nonverbal behavior. Science. 2009;326:1711–1714.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Parimi PV, Lu WT, Vodo P, Sridhar S. Photonic crystals: imaging by flat lens using negative refraction. Nature. 2003;426:404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
German Concrete and Construction Cl. Beispiele zur Bemessung Nach Eurocode 2. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Joussen AM, Gardner TW, Kirchhof B, Ryan SJ, eds. Retinal Vascular Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007: 1-XXXV, 779 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Siegemund A. From Farming to Pharming: Transcending of Bodily Existence as a Question of Medical Ethics in an Intercultural Context. In: Schildmann J, Sandow V, Rauprich O, Vollmann J, eds. Human Medical Research: Ethical, Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects. Basel: Springer; 2012: 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Heart Association.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. What Should We Do With The International Space Station, Asks Congress. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-should-we-do-with-the-international-space-station-asks-congress/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: Additional Research Standards and Truck Drivers’ Schedule Data Could Allow More Accurate Assessments of the Hours of Service Rule. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Savage F. Effect of Dry-Wet Cycles on Fracture Propagation in Shale and Gas Production Mechanism. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Amid Concerns, Counties Move to Limit Taxes. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Heart Assoc.
ISSN (online)2047-9980
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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