How to format your references using the Journal of the American Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Powell K. Counting the cost. Nature. 2005;434:1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Maheswaran S, Haber DA. Cell fate: Transition loses its invasive edge. Nature. 2015;527:452–453.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nederbragt AJ, van Loon AE, Dictus WJAG. Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline. Nature. 2002;417:811–812.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Shinya K, Ebina M, Yamada S, Ono M, Kasai N, Kawaoka Y. Avian flu: influenza virus receptors in the human airway. Nature. 2006;440:435–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wu Z. Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Koplin RS. The Scrub’s Bible: How to Assist at Cataract and Corneal Surgery with a Primer on the Anatomy of the Human Eye and Self Assessment. New York, NY: Springer; 2013: 1-IX, 166 p. 87 illus., 67 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ishiguro H. Biological Fluctuation “Yuragi” as the Principle of Bio-inspired Robots. In: Chella A, Pirrone R, Sorbello R, Jóhannsdóttir KR, eds. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2012: Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting of the BICA Society. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013: 29–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Heart Association.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. A new metamaterial gives visible light a nearly infinite wavelength. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/physics/new-metamaterial-gives-visible-light-nearly-infinite-wavelength/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McNamee L. Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Florio J, Shapiro O. The Future of Racing Plugs Into Red Hook. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Heart Assoc.
ISSN (online)2047-9980
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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