How to format your references using the Fluids and Barriers of the CNS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluids and Barriers of the CNS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. O’shea TJ. PCBs Not to Blame. Science. 2000;288:1965d–6d.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Devoret MH, Schoelkopf RJ. Superconducting circuits for quantum information: an outlook. Science. 2013;339:1169–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hembacher S, Giessibl FJ, Mannhart J. Force microscopy with light-atom probes. Science. 2004;305:380–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Qi HH, Ongusaha PP, Myllyharju J, Cheng D, Pakkanen O, Shi Y, et al. Prolyl 4-hydroxylation regulates Argonaute 2 stability. Nature. 2008;455:421–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vona LW. Fraud Data Analytics Methodology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Hřebíček J, Schimak G, Kubásek M, Rizzoli AE, editors. Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing: 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2013, Neusiedl am See, Austria, October 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Diamond LM. The Biobehavioral Legacy of Early Attachment Relationships for Adult Emotional and Interpersonal Functioning. In: Zayas V, Hazan C, editors. Bases of Adult Attachment: Linking Brain, Mind and Behavior. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 79–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluids and Barriers of the CNS.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Paleontologists Discover Extinct Kitten-Sized Predator [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/paleontologists-discover-extinct-kitten-sized-predator/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Follow Up of Sanitary Conditions in Selected Food Industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Apr. Report No.: 089017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Olanisa EL. Mental health issues and use of health care services among older immigrant women in California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. It Gets Worse for Raymond. New York Times. 2000 Sep 6;D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluids and Barriers of the CNS
AbbreviationFluids Barriers CNS
ISSN (online)2045-8118
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience
Neurology

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