How to format your references using the Fluids and Barriers of the CNS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluids and Barriers of the CNS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rees M. Time for global statistics we can count on. Nature. 2013;502:273.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Anderson RGW, Jacobson K. A role for lipid shells in targeting proteins to caveolae, rafts, and other lipid domains. Science. 2002;296:1821–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Brohawn SG, Campbell EB, MacKinnon R. Physical mechanism for gating and mechanosensitivity of the human TRAAK K+ channel. Nature. 2014;516:126–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jackson MG, Hart SR, Koppers AAP, Staudigel H, Konter J, Blusztajn J, et al. The return of subducted continental crust in Samoan lavas. Nature. 2007;448:684–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Meyer VR. Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Watson RR, Zibadi S, editors. Bioactive Dietary Factors and Plant Extracts in Dermatology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stillman MJ, Kriegler JS, Covington EC, Krause SJ. Diagnosis of Addiction, Substance Use, and Headache. In: Tepper SJ, Tepper DE, editors. The Cleveland Clinic Manual of Headache Therapy: Second Edition. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluids and Barriers of the CNS.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The latest report from the IPCC: scientists are 95% certain that humans are the “dominant cause” of global warming since the 1950s [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/latest-report-ipcc-scientists-are-95-certain-humans-are-dominant-cause-global-warming/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Contracts: Army Needs to Correct Budget Disclosure Deficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jan. Report No.: IMTEC-89-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Thirumal VM. Production of Microbial Lipids from Lipomyces starkeyi [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Anger and Indifference After a School Ends a Full-Contact Tradition. New York Times. 2013 Oct 12;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluids and Barriers of the CNS
AbbreviationFluids Barriers CNS
ISSN (online)2045-8118
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience
Neurology

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