How to format your references using the Fluids and Barriers of the CNS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluids and Barriers of the CNS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Simmons RM. Prophets without honour? Nature. 2000;407:839.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ordureau A, Harper JW. Cell biology: balancing act. Nature. 2014;510:347–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bradley RS, Hughes MK, Diaz HF. Climate change. Climate in Medieval time. Science. 2003;302:404–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jonsson E, Troll VR, Högdahl K, Harris C, Weis F, Nilsson KP, et al. Magmatic origin of giant “Kiruna-type” apatite-iron-oxide ores in central Sweden. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Chaki R, Cortesi A, Saeed K, Chaki N, editors. Advanced Computing and Systems for Security: Volume 2. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kanekawa N, Ibe EH, Suga T, Uematsu Y. Fault-Tolerant System Technology. In: Ibe EH, Suga T, Uematsu Y, editors. Dependability in Electronic Systems: Mitigation of Hardware Failures, Soft Errors, and Electro-Magnetic Disturbances. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 143–200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluids and Barriers of the CNS.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover A 7-Meter-Long Dinosaur [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-seven-meter-long-dinosaur-lightning-claw/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Launches: FAA Should Update How It Assesses Federal Liability Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jul. Report No.: GAO-12-899.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Penix-Tadsen P. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. A Nation Born of Sniping, Squabbling and Deadlock: Helloo? New York Times. 2016 Mar 31;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluids and Barriers of the CNS
AbbreviationFluids Barriers CNS
ISSN (online)2045-8118
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience
Neurology

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