How to format your references using the BMC Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hardie DG. Biochemistry. Balancing cellular energy. Science. 2007;315:1671–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bouchon M, Karabulut H. The aftershock signature of supershear earthquakes. Science. 2008;320:1323–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wasmuth EV, Januszyk K, Lima CD. Structure of an Rrp6-RNA exosome complex bound to poly(A) RNA. Nature. 2014;511:435–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. de Godoy LMF, Olsen JV, Cox J, Nielsen ML, Hubner NC, Fröhlich F, et al. Comprehensive mass-spectrometry-based proteome quantification of haploid versus diploid yeast. Nature. 2008;455:1251–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lehman R, McMillan LG. Options for Volatile Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Chiang CC. Design for Manufacturability and Yield for Nano-Scale CMOS. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Syed MN, Principe JC, Pardalos PM. Correntropy in Data Classification. In: Sorokin A, Murphey R, Thai MT, Pardalos PM, editors. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundations. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 81–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Nephrology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. David Attenborough Says The Great Barrier Reef Is In ‘Grave Danger’ – It’s Time To Step Up. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/david-attenborough-says-great-barrier-reef-grave-danger-it-s-time-step/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Southern California and Participating Schools in Los Angeles and Riverside Counties. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dorrance AM. The Role of the Partial Tandem Duplication of MLL (MLL PTD) in Leukemogenesis. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. Saint Hillary. New York Times. 1993;:622.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Nephrology
AbbreviationBMC Nephrol.
ISSN (online)1471-2369
ScopeNephrology

Other styles