How to format your references using the Finite Fields and Their Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Finite Fields and Their Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Dantzer, Ecology. Mothers shape ecological communities, Science. 347 (2015) 822–823.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Ewald, M. Egeblad, Cancer: Sugar-coated cell signalling, Nature. 511 (2014) 298–299.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Nosil, B.J. Crespi, C.P. Sandoval, Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation, Nature. 417 (2002) 440–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.M. Visscher, D. Smith, S.J. Hall, J.L. Williams, J.A. Williams, A viable herd of genetically uniform cattle, Nature. 409 (2001) 303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Tsujimura, OLED Display Fundamentals and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2017.
An edited book
J. Zhou, G. Salvendy, eds., Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Healthy and Active Aging: Second International Conference, ITAP 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016 Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Wang, Y. Hu, D. Qiu, The Study of Applying Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model to the Term Life Insurance, in: D. Wu (Ed.), Quantitative Financial Risk Management, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 47–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Finite Fields and Their Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Huge Solar Eruption Caught By NASA’s IRIS, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Gulf War Illnesses: Federal Research Strategy Needs Reexamination, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Greene, Perceptions Of Women Leaders In A Catholic Archdiocese: A Phenomenological Study, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman, Flakes: These Monkeys Make Tools, but Don’t Use Them, New York Times. (2016) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFinite Fields and Their Applications
AbbreviationFinite Fields Their Appl.
ISSN (print)1071-5797
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Algebra and Number Theory
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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