How to format your references using the Finite Fields and Their Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Finite Fields and Their Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Venema, Silicon electronics and beyond, Nature. 479 (2011) 309.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.A. Laurence, S. Weiss, Analytical chemistry. How to detect weak pairs, Science. 299 (2003) 667–668.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Lillo, J.D. Farmer, R.N. Mantegna, Econophysics: Master curve for price-impact function, Nature. 421 (2003) 129–130.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Deblock, E. Onac, L. Gurevich, L.P. Kouwenhoven, Detection of quantum noise from an electrically driven two-level system, Science. 301 (2003) 203–206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Noar, Interceptive Orthodontics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2014.
An edited book
G. Steinhoff, ed., Regenerative Medicine: From Protocol to Patient, 2nd ed. 2013, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J.M. Ash, Victor Shapiro and the Theory of Uniqueness for Multiple Trigonometric Series, in: M.C. Pereyra, S. Marcantognini, A.M. Stokolos, W. Urbina (Eds.), Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Complex Analysis, Banach Spaces, and Operator Theory (Volume 1): Celebrating Cora Sadosky’s Life, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 123–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Finite Fields and Their Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Video shows that seahorses are master assassins of the ocean, IFLScience. (2013).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: FAA Management Practices for Technical Training Mostly Effective; Further Actions Could Enhance Results, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Kong, Formal Methods Applied to the Specification of an Active Network Node, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS, Comic Strips Think Pink, New York Times. (2010) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFinite Fields and Their Applications
AbbreviationFinite Fields Their Appl.
ISSN (print)1071-5797
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Algebra and Number Theory
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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