How to format your references using the Finite Fields and Their Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Finite Fields and Their Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Butler, Agent Orange health investigation stuck at square one, Nature. 422 (2003) 793.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Ohlstein, A. Spradling, The adult Drosophila posterior midgut is maintained by pluripotent stem cells, Nature. 439 (2006) 470–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.G. Fox, W.W. Chadwick Jr, R.W. Embley, Direct observation of a submarine volcanic eruption from a sea-floor instrument caught in a lava flow, Nature. 412 (2001) 727–729.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Ceglarek, A. Piotrowicz, D. Lecion, P. Miernikiewicz, B. Owczarek, K. Hodyra, M. Harhala, A. Górski, K. Dąbrowska, A novel approach for separating bacteriophages from other bacteriophages using affinity chromatography and phage display, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.E. Burrows, R.J. Tyrl, Toxic Plants of North America, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
K. Suzuki, ed., Computational Intelligence in Biomedical Imaging, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Ostadhassan, Geomechanics and Elastic Anisotropy of Shale Formations, in: C. Jin, G. Cusatis (Eds.), New Frontiers in Oil and Gas Exploration, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 165–207.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Finite Fields and Their Applications.

Blog post
J. Fang, Researchers Can’t Figure Out Why This Bird Flies Across the Entire Pacific Ocean And Back, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Options to Enhance the Long-term Viability of the Essential Air Service Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.R. Lowden, Genesis of end-to-end chromosome fusions, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dynarski, So Much Student Debt, So Little Information, New York Times. (2015) BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFinite Fields and Their Applications
AbbreviationFinite Fields Their Appl.
ISSN (print)1071-5797
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Algebra and Number Theory
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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