How to format your references using the Financial Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Financial Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2015) Change the cancer conversation. Nature 520:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson PA, Jia X (2005) Nonlinear dynamics, granular media and dynamic earthquake triggering. Nature 437:871–874
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang SM, Burke M, Miguel E (2013) Quantifying the influence of climate on human conflict. Science 341:1235367
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cheon S, Kihm KD, Kim HG, et al (2014) How to reliably determine the complex refractive index (RI) of graphene by using two independent measurement constraints. Sci Rep 4:6364

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maier H (2015) Chemiker im „Dritten Reich“. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Thoma J (2006) Simulation with Entropy Thermodynamics: Understanding Matter and Systems with Bondgraphs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bernecker PM (2008) Therapeutic Approaches and Mechanisms of Drug Action. In: Grampp S (ed) Radiology of Osteoporosis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Financial Innovation.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Fireball Meteor Filmed Over Tennessee. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/fireball-meteor-filmed-over-tennessee/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Aircraft Development: Reasons for Recent Cost Growth in the Advanced Tactical Fighter Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sorensen TR (2010) The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savodnik P (2013) If They Build It, Will The Kardashians Come? New York Times MM32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson and Jia 2005; Macilwain 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Jia 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFinancial Innovation
ISSN (online)2199-4730
Scope

Other styles