How to format your references using the Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett WS. Cancer and the microbiota. Science. 2015;348(6230):80-86.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonderegger P, Patthy L. Comment on “Tequila, a neurotrypsin ortholog, regulates long-term memory formation in Drosophila.” Science. 2007;316(5832):1698; author reply 1698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hägglund C, Grätzel M, Kasemo B. Comment on “efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2” (II). Science. 2003;301(5640):1673; discussion 1673.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li Z, Deng SS, Zang Y, et al. Capturing intercellular sugar-mediated ligand-receptor recognitions via a simple yet highly biospecific interfacial system. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ham BM. Proteomics of Biological Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Mittelstadt BD, Floridi L, eds. The Ethics of Biomedical Big Data. Vol 29. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Holzer M, Kutrib M. Cellular Automata and the Quest for Nontrivial Artificial Self-Reproduction. In: Gheorghe M, Hinze T, Păun G, Rozenberg G, Salomaa A, eds. Membrane Computing: 11th International Conference, CMC 2010, Jena, Germany, August 24-27, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:19-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing.

Blog post
Andrews R. The US Army Is Developing “Dragon Silk” Body Armor Using Genetically Engineered Silkworms. IFLScience. Published July 18, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School District Officials Face Problems in Dealing With Asbestos in Their Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fair CL. Structure of the Roberts Mountains Allochthon in the Three Bar Ranch Quadrangle, Roberts Mountains, Eureka County, Nevada. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Prochnik G. I’m Thinking. Please. Be Quiet. New York Times. August 24, 2013:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleExplore: The Journal of Science and Healing
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

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