How to format your references using the Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitchell WJ. Beyond the ivory tower. Constructing complexity in the digital age. Science. 2004;303(5663):1472-1473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen J, Hector A. Materials science. Phase-transforming electrodes. Science. 2014;344(6191):1451-1452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xi Z, Khoo CCH, Dobson SL. Wolbachia establishment and invasion in an Aedes aegypti laboratory population. Science. 2005;310(5746):326-328.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burresi M, van Oosten D, Kampfrath T, et al. Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies. Science. 2009;326(5952):550-553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Terré M, Pischella M, Vivier E. Wireless Telecommunication Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Macey GP, Cannon JZ, eds. Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices. Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Bu H, Kim J, Kim S. The Digital Video Frame Obfuscation Method in Consideration of Human Visual System for Intellectual Property Protection and Authentication. In: Park JJ (jong H, Zomaya A, Jeong HY, Obaidat M, eds. Frontier and Innovation in Future Computing and Communications. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands; 2014:37-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing.

Blog post
Fang J. E. coli Gets a Circadian Clock Transplant. IFLScience. Published June 15, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Grants to New Jersey. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee KS. Towards an Improved Baton Technique: The Application and Modification of Conducting Gestures Drawn from the Methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for Enhanced Performance of Orchestral Interpretations. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Vogel KP. Seat at Le Cirque, and a Word With Trump, for $250,000. New York Times. September 26, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleExplore: The Journal of Science and Healing
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

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