How to format your references using the Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson EO. Environment: early ant plagues in the New World. Nature. 2005;433:32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bintanja R, van de Wal RSW. North American ice-sheet dynamics and the onset of 100,000-year glacial cycles. Nature. 2008;454:869–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler MA, Sawyer SA, Losos JB. Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature. 2007;447:202–205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee J-Y, Yoo B-C, Rojas MR, et al. Selective trafficking of non-cell-autonomous proteins mediated by NtNCAPP1. Science. 2003;299:392–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahlemeyer-Stubbe A, Coleman S. A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Keith M. Pro JPA 2: Mastering the JavaTM Persistence API. Schnicariol M, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuan W, Hu L, Li H, et al. Cryptanalysis of an Enhanced Event Signature Protocols for Peer-to-Peer Massively Multiplayer Online Games. In: He X, Hua E, Lin Y, et al., editors. Computer, Informatics, Cybernetics and Applications: Proceedings of the CICA 2011. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. New 3D Model Illustrates Death Throes of Supernovae [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996. Report No.: AA-96-29(1). .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manso PH. Teacher Evaluation: A Qualitative Study on Growth-Producing Practices in K-8 Schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Transfer Finds Home At Manhattan College. New York Times. 2002 Oct 6;88.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Neurother.
ISSN (print)1473-7175
ISSN (online)1744-8360
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
General Neuroscience

Other styles