How to format your references using the Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tal A. Seeking sustainability: Israel’s evolving water management strategy. Science. 2006;313:1081–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fugmann SD, Schatz DG. Immunology. One AID to unite them all. Science. 2002;295:1244–1245.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin SCR, Sta Maria MRV, Michaels TI. Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model. Nature. 2002;419:697–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Swan BK, Martinez-Garcia M, Preston CM, et al. Potential for chemolithoautotrophy among ubiquitous bacteria lineages in the dark ocean. Science. 2011;333:1296–1300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdullaeva Z. Nano- and Biomaterials. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Proulx T, editor. Linking Models and Experiments, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Colussi IA. The Role of Responsible Stewardship in Nanotechnology and Synthetic Biology. In: Arnaldi S, Ferrari A, Magaudda P, et al., editors. Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers Capture A Rare Wolf-Rayet Star Just Hours After It Dramatically Explodes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Funding: FAA’s and Industry’s Cost Estimates for Airport Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017. Report No.: GAO-17-504T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley CJ. A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. You Say Clutter, I Say Canopy, Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off. New York Times. 2001 Jun 17;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Neurother.
ISSN (print)1473-7175
ISSN (online)1744-8360
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
General Neuroscience

Other styles