How to format your references using the Experimental Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Slivan SM (2002) Spin vector alignment of Koronis family asteroids. Nature 419:49–51
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schoelkopf RJ, Girvin SM (2008) Wiring up quantum systems. Nature 451:664–669
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS (2005) Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature 433:638–643
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sen D, Balakrishnan B, Gabriel N, et al (2013) Improved adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotype 1 and 5 vectors for gene therapy. Sci Rep 3:1832

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lahdenmäki T, Leach M (2005) Relational Database Index Design and the Optimizers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Bora PK, Prasanna SRM, Sarma KK, Saikia N (2015) Advances in Communication and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fritzsche K, Abbo C, Afshar Zanjani H, Goli F (2014) Traditional Medicine and Psychosomatic Medicine. In: Fritzsche K, McDaniel SH, Wirsching M (eds) Psychosomatic Medicine: An International Primer for the Primary Care Setting. Springer, New York, NY, pp 15–21

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Mechanics.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) US Military’s “Self-steering” Bullets Can Hit A Moving Target. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Aviation Administration: Financial Management Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ionedes NJ (2008) An exploration of social interest therapy as a treatment for depression in the elderly. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly K (1975) A Month With Mom In Eire; A Month With Mom in Ireland. New York Times Travel And ResortsXX1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Mechanics
AbbreviationExp. Mech.
ISSN (print)0014-4851
ISSN (online)1741-2765
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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