How to format your references using the Experimental Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Yamamoto A (2000) Crowded universities cramp more than just students’ style. Nature 404:13
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mounce RCP, Wills MA (2011) Phylogenetic position of Diania challenged. Nature 476:E1; discussion E3-4
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cohen AJ, Mori-Sánchez P, Yang W (2008) Insights into current limitations of density functional theory. Science 321:792–794
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Larison JR, Likens GE, Fitzpatrick JW, Crock JG (2000) Cadmium toxicity among wildlife in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. Nature 406:181–183

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Griffin PM, Nembhard HB, DeFlitch CJ, et al (2015) Healthcare Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Carlson DL, Albright J (2012) Composing a Care of the Self: A Critical History of Writing Assessment in Secondary English Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Busemeyer JR, Trueblood J (2009) Comparison of Quantum and Bayesian Inference Models. In: Bruza P, Sofge D, Lawless W, et al (eds) Quantum Interaction: Third International Symposium, QI 2009, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 25-27, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Mechanics.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) Solar Storms Generate Gamma-Rays On The Opposite Side Of The Sun. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/solar-storms-generate-gammarays-on-the-opposite-side-of-the-sun/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Information Technology: Agencies and OMB Should Strengthen Processes for Identifying and Overseeing High Risk Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pham AT (2012) Factorization of polynomials modulo a prime. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Davey M, Robles F (2014) Two Lives at Crossroads in Ferguson. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Mechanics
AbbreviationExp. Mech.
ISSN (print)0014-4851
ISSN (online)1741-2765
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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