How to format your references using the European Sport Management Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Sport Management Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moro-Martin, A. (2014). A call to those who care about Europe’s science. Nature, 514(7521), 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujiwara, A., & Takahashi, Y. (2001). Manipulation of elementary charge in a silicon charge-coupled device. Nature, 410(6828), 560–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Truckses, D. M., Garrenton, L. S., & Thorner, J. (2004). Jekyll and Hyde in the microbial world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1509–1511.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, F., Yu, X.-L., Ye, J., Fan, H., & Liu, W.-M. (2013). Topological quantum phase transition in synthetic non-Abelian gauge potential: gauge invariance and experimental detections. Scientific Reports, 3, 2119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinquis, A. (2008). Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB®. ISTE.
An edited book
Oudkerk, M., & Reiser, M. F. (Eds.). (2009). Coronary Radiology (2nd Revised Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kok, J., & Van Bavel, J. (2006). Stemming the tide. Denomination and religiousness in the Dutch fertility transition, 1845–1945. In R. Derosas & F. van Poppel (Eds.), Religion and the Decline of Fertility in the Western World (pp. 83–105). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Sport Management Quarterly.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 16). Larry The Mammoth’s Skull Is Confusing Paleontologists. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Status of Emergency and State and Local Law Enforcement Systems Is Still Unknown (T-AIMD-99-163). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Astorga, J. (2012). Mentoring program for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, August 30). Women Suddenly Scarce Among Justices’ Clerks. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moro-Martin, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fujiwara & Takahashi, 2001; Moro-Martin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujiwara & Takahashi, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Truckses et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sun et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Sport Management Quarterly
AbbreviationEur. Sport Manag. Q.
ISSN (print)1618-4742
ISSN (online)1746-031X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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