How to format your references using the European Sport Management Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Sport Management Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merilä, J. (2015). Evolutionary biology: Perplexing effects of phenotypic plasticity. Nature, 525(7569), 326–327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reilly, S. M., & White, T. D. (2003). Hypaxial motor patterns and the function of epipubic bones in primitive mammals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5605), 400–402.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fearon, D. T., Manders, P., & Wagner, S. D. (2001). Arrested differentiation, the self-renewing memory lymphocyte, and vaccination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 248–250.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, J., Xu, J., Liu, B., Yao, G., Wang, P., Lin, Z., Huang, B., Wang, X., Li, T., Shi, S., Zhang, N., Duan, F., Ming, J., Zhang, X., Niu, W., Song, W., Jin, H., Guo, Y., Dai, S., … Sun, Y. (2018). Publisher Correction: Chromatin analysis in human early development reveals epigenetic transition during ZGA. Nature, 560(7718), E27.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R. (2005). The History of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tiampo, K. F., Weatherley, D. K., & Weinstein, S. A. (Eds.). (2008). Earthquakes: Simulations, Sources and Tsunamis. Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Anglani, A., Caricato, P., Grieco, A., & Nucci, F. (2005). Selecting Capacity Plan. In A. Matta & Q. Semeraro (Eds.), Design of Advanced Manufacturing Systems: Models for Capacity Planning in Advanced Manufacturing Systems (pp. 191–231). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Sport Management Quarterly.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 27). These Are Each State’s Most Commonly Misspelled Word On Google. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Identification of NASA Research and Development Programs Subject to Benefit-Cost Analysis (B-176104). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, S. (2013). Characterization of Interaction of Calmodulin and its Chimeras with Orai1 [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1972, November 5). Underneath the Tire Treads. New York Times, GREATER NEW YORK AUTOMOBILE SHOWA15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Merilä, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Merilä, 2015; Reilly & White, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reilly & White, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Fearon et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Sport Management Quarterly
AbbreviationEur. Sport Manag. Q.
ISSN (print)1618-4742
ISSN (online)1746-031X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles