How to format your references using the European Sport Management Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Sport Management Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fratzl, P. (2015). Imaging techniques: Extra dimension for bone analysis. Nature, 527(7578), 308–309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne, T. I., & Webb, F. H. (2003). Geophysics. Slow but not quite silent. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1886–1887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn, S. G., Campbell, E. B., & MacKinnon, R. (2014). Physical mechanism for gating and mechanosensitivity of the human TRAAK K+ channel. Nature, 516(7529), 126–130.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fujiwara, R., Takenaka, S., Hashimoto, M., Narawa, T., & Itoh, T. (2014). Expression of human solute carrier family transporters in skin: possible contributor to drug-induced skin disorders. Scientific Reports, 4, 5251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kampen, T. U. (2010). Low Molecular Weight Organic Semiconductors. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Colonna, S. (2013). I cibi della salute: Le basi chimiche di una corretta alimentazione. (G. Folco & F. Marangoni, Eds.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Howe, R. E. (2012). On the Tendency Toward Convexity of the Vector Sum of Sets. In T. Terlaky & F. E. Curtis (Eds.), Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: Selected Contributions from the MOPTA 2010 Conference (pp. 67–76). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Sport Management Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Can Insects Feed A Hungry Planet? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). VHA’s Management Improvement Initiative (No. HEHS-96-191R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Di Giacomo, F. A. (2010). Education amidst transition: The case of Romania (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Irving, J. (2017, January 30). It Takes a Commune. New York Times, p. BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fratzl, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fratzl, 2015; Melbourne & Webb, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melbourne & Webb, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Brohawn, Campbell, & MacKinnon, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fujiwara, Takenaka, Hashimoto, Narawa, & Itoh, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Sport Management Quarterly
AbbreviationEur. Sport Manag. Q.
ISSN (print)1618-4742
ISSN (online)1746-031X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles