How to format your references using the European Orthopaedics and Traumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Orthopaedics and Traumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bohannon J (2010) The Gonzo Scientist. Galileo in Senegal. Science 328:296
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Prakash M, Gershenfeld N (2007) Microfluidic bubble logic. Science 315:832–835
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mellman I, Coukos G, Dranoff G (2011) Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature 480:480–489
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bardeesy N, Sinha M, Hezel AF, et al (2002) Loss of the Lkb1 tumour suppressor provokes intestinal polyposis but resistance to transformation. Nature 419:162–167

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Berntsen ES, Thompson J (2015) A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Amato F (2014) Finite-Time Stability and Control. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zwettler G, Track P, Waschaurek F, et al (2012) Towards a Normalized Reference System in Building Construction Planning for Automated Quantitative Assessment and Optimization of Energy and Cost Efficiency. In: Liñán Reyes M, Flores Arias JM, González de la Rosa JJ, et al (eds) IT Revolutions: Third International ICST Conference, Córdoba, Spain, March 23-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Orthopaedics and Traumatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) New Funeral Service Dissolves Dead People And Dumps Remains Into Sewer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2009) Information Security: NASA Needs to Remedy Vulnerabilities in Key Networks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wolff A (2013) PRIDE: A psycho-educational peer support group for LGBTIQ youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Mets, Shedding Veterans, Send Walker to Brewers. New York Times SP5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Orthopaedics and Traumatology
AbbreviationEur. Orthop. Traumatol.
ISSN (print)1867-4569
ISSN (online)1867-4577
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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