How to format your references using the European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (EJVS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zubairy MS. Physics. Factoring numbers with waves. Science 2007;316(5824):554–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li J, Timko MP. Gene-for-gene resistance in Striga-cowpea associations. Science 2009;325(5944):1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones GH, Balogh A, Horbury TS. Identification of comet Hyakutake’s extremely long ion tail from magnetic field signatures. Nature 2000;404(6778):574–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao M, Song A, Li P, Chen S, Jiang J, Chen F. A bHLH transcription factor regulates iron intake under Fe deficiency in chrysanthemum. Sci Rep 2014;4:6694.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan MJ. Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Brauch HG, Spring ÚO, Mesjasz C, Grin J, Dunay P, Behera NC, et al., editors. Globalization and Environmental Challenges: Reconceptualizing Security in the 21st Century. vol. 3. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Hens T, Rieger MO. Two-Period Model: State-Preference Approach. In: Rieger MO, editor. Financial Economics: A Concise Introduction to Classical and Behavioral Finance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. pp. 139–209.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Psychology Behind Why Clowns Creep Us Out. IFLScience. 10/30/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Working Capital Funds: Three Agency Perspectives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Immaneni RN. An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Ember S. Who Will Inherit the Throne at Vanity Fair? New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
AbbreviationEur. J. Vasc. Endovasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)1078-5884
ISSN (online)1532-2165
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles