How to format your references using the European Journal of Taxonomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Taxonomy (EJT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown R.H. Jr 2008. Developmental biology. Neuron research leaps ahead. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5893): 1169–1170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Muotri A.R. & Gage F.H. 2006. Generation of neuronal variability and complexity. Nature 441 (7097): 1087–1093.
A journal article with 3 authors
James A., Pitchford J.W. & Plank M.J. 2013. James et al. reply. Nature 500 (7463): E2-3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Crichton W.A., Mezouar M., Grande T., Stølen S. & Grzechnik A. 2001. Breakdown of intermediate-range order in liquid GeSe(2) at high pressure. Nature 414 (6864): 622–625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harper C. 2005. Analytic Methods in Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Akiyama J. 2015. Treks into Intuitive Geometry: The World of Polygons and Polyhedra. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Greenwood M.J. 2014. Migration and Labor Market Opportunities. In: Fischer M.M. & Nijkamp P. (eds) Handbook of Regional Science: 3–16. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Taxonomy.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. These Extraordinary Wind Turbines Could Power Japan For Half A Century Using Just One Typhoon. Available from [Accessed 30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000. Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best M.L. 2013. Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. Top-Seeded Kerber Tumbles Out of Fourth Round Amid the Usual Havoc. New York Times: B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Muotri & Gage 2006; Brown 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Muotri & Gage 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Crichton et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Taxonomy
ISSN (online)2118-9773

Other styles