How to format your references using the European Journal of Taxonomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Taxonomy (EJT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Honjo T. 2005. Science and government. In search of the best grant system. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5739): 1329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradshaw W. & Holzapfel C. 2007. Evolution. Tantalizing timeless. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5833): 1851–1852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen A.J., Mori-Sánchez P. & Yang W. 2008. Insights into current limitations of density functional theory. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5890): 792–794.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin S.-H., Milošević M.V., Covaci L., Jankó B. & Peeters F.M. 2014. Quantum rotor in nanostructured superconductors. Scientific reports 4: 4542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Escarpa A., González M.C. & López M.Á. 2015. Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lasek W. 2016. Interleukin 12: Antitumor Activity and Immunotherapeutic Potential in Oncology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tzanakis I.P. & Oreopoulos D.G. 2013. Magnesium and Kidney Disease. In: Watson R.R., Preedy V.R. & Zibadi S. (eds) Magnesium in Human Health and Disease: 81–101. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Taxonomy.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. Are Aliens Trying To Tell Us Something? Brightest Burst Of Radio Waves Detected. Available from [Accessed 30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2011 Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrade N.A. 2008. Environmental fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in agricultural soils which have received biosolids application. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. 2017. Heart of the Matter. New York Times: C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Honjo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Honjo 2005; Bradshaw & Holzapfel 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradshaw & Holzapfel 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Taxonomy
ISSN (online)2118-9773

Other styles