How to format your references using the European Journal of Taxonomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Taxonomy (EJT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang Q. 2014. Rural students are being left behind in China. Nature 510 (7506): 445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins J.F. & Gesteland R. 2002. Biochemistry. The 22nd amino acid. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5572): 1409–1410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sack L., Marañón T. & Grubb P.J. 2002. Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5575): 1923.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmitt R.W., Ledwell J.R., Montgomery E.T., Polzin K.L. & Toole J.M. 2005. Enhanced diapycnal mixing by salt fingers in the thermocline of the tropical Atlantic. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5722): 685–688.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davey K.J. 2014. Building Winning Algorithmic Trading Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wanninger A. (ed.) 2015. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 6: Deuterostomia. 1st ed. 2015. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Murakami C.D. 2016. Developing a Learning Garden on a Mid-Western Land Grant University. In: Sumner J. (ed.) Learning, Food, and Sustainability: Sites for Resistance and Change: 75–92. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Taxonomy.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. Can You Solve This Math Problem That Went Viral In Japan? Available from [Accessed 30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011. Space Acquisitions: Development and Oversight Challenges in Delivering Improved Space Situational Awareness Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamloo Aliabadi E. 2013. The effect of distortion on trajectory of diesel Particulate Matters (PM) from mobile sources. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2017. Dodgers, Mindful of Last Year’s Failure, Start Quickly Against Cubs. New York Times: SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Atkins & Gesteland 2002; Wang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkins & Gesteland 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmitt et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Taxonomy
ISSN (online)2118-9773

Other styles