How to format your references using the European Journal of Taxonomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Taxonomy (EJT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles J. 2002. Attosecond science: the fast show. Nature 420 (6917): 737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bedalov A. & Simon J.A. 2004. Neuroscience. NAD to the rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5686): 954–955.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wichterle H., Gifford D. & Mazzoni E. 2013. Neuroscience. Mapping neuronal diversity one cell at a time. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6147): 726–727.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Higham T., Compton T., Stringer C., Jacobi R., Shapiro B., Trinkaus E., Chandler B., Gröning F., Collins C., Hillson S., O’Higgins P., FitzGerald C. & Fagan M. 2011. The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe. Nature 479 (7374): 521–524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph C. 2013. Advanced Credit Risk Analysis and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ślęzak D., Kim T.-H., Yau S.S., Gervasi O. & Kang B.-H. (eds) 2009. Grid and Distributed Computing: International Conference, GDC 2009, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conferences, FGIT 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen J.B., Brincker R. & Aenlle M.L. 2014. Detection of Mass Change on a Glass Plate. In: Allemang R., De Clerck J., Niezrecki C. & Wicks A. (eds) Topics in Modal Analysis, Volume 7: Proceedings of the 31st IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2013: 61–66. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Taxonomy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Researchers Discover How Pac-Man Frogs Are Able To Hunt Large Prey. Available from [Accessed 30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996. Federal Research: Interim Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research and Technology Transfer Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff A.J. 2017. Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. Less Than Two Years In, Sanchez Era Has Arrived. New York Times: D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Giles 2002; Bedalov & Simon 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bedalov & Simon 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Higham et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Taxonomy
ISSN (online)2118-9773

Other styles