How to format your references using the European Journal of Political Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Political Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonan, G.B. (2008). Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5882): 1444–1449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cockell, C.S. & Stokes, M.D. (2004). Ecology: widespread colonization by polar hypoliths. Nature 431(7007): 414.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qin, Z., Pugno, N.M. & Buehler, M.J. (2014). Mechanics of fragmentation of crocodile skin and other thin films. Scientific reports 4: 4966.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Min, J., Jang, J., Keum, D., Ryu, S.-W., Choi, C., Jeong, K.-H. & Ye, J.C. (2013). Fluorescent microscopy beyond diffraction limits using speckle illumination and joint support recovery. Scientific reports 3: 2075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larsen, E. & Aarts, R.M. (2005). Audio Bandwidth Extension. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Siddiqui, M.W., Ayala Zavala, J.F. & Hwang, C.-A. (andy) (eds.). (2016). Postharvest Management Approaches for Maintaining Quality of Fresh Produce (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rätsch, G. (2006). The Solution of Semi-Infinite Linear Programs Using Boosting-Like Methods. In L. Todorovski, N. Lavrač & K. P. Jantke (eds.), Discovery Science: 9th International Conference, DS 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Political Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 16). Supermassive Black Hole Is Choking On Star Stuff. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Aviation Safety: Users Differ in Views of Collision Avoidance System and Cite Problems (No. RCED-92-113). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullion, D.K. (2009). The study of interstate and intrastate mobility effects on student achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. (2004, August 27). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Soldiers’ Convictions Reinstated. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonan, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bonan, 2008; Cockell & Stokes, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cockell & Stokes, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Min et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Political Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Polit. Res.
ISSN (print)0304-4130
ISSN (online)1475-6765
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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