How to format your references using the Computers and Electrical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Electrical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Barinaga M. SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY: Look Before You Leap. Science 2000;289:2028.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Davis SJ, Shearer C. Climate change: A crack in the natural-gas bridge. Nature 2014;514:436–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cai L, Dalal CK, Elowitz MB. Frequency-modulated nuclear localization bursts coordinate gene regulation. Nature 2008;455:485–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Langford DJ, Crager SE, Shehzad Z, Smith SB, Sotocinal SG, Levenstadt JS, et al. Social modulation of pain as evidence for empathy in mice. Science 2006;312:1967–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dooner DB. Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Bouvry P, Kłopotek MA, Leprévost F, Marciniak M, Mykowiecka A, Rybiński H, editors. Security and Intelligent Information Systems: International Joint Conferences, SIIS 2011, Warsaw, Poland, June 13-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 7053. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Draskoczy B. Fitness Distance Correlation and Search Space Analysis for Permutation Based Problems. In: Cowling P, Merz P, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 10th European Conference, EvoCOP 2010, Istanbul, Turkey, April 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Electrical Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Sea Level Rise Is Accelerating Globally. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/sea-level-rise-hasnt-slowed-its-accelerating-globally/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Altiparmak F. Online Management and Mining of Heteregenous and Dynamic Time Series. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. She’s Mighty, Muslim and Leaping Off the Page. New York Times 2013:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Electrical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Electr. Eng.
ISSN (print)0045-7906
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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