How to format your references using the European Journal of Heart Failure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Heart Failure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. First for physics Chicago. Nature 2003;424:706–707.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lynd LR, Woods J. Perspective: A new hope for Africa. Nature 2011;474:S20-1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alapan Y, Little JA, Gurkan UA. Heterogeneous red blood cell adhesion and deformability in sickle cell disease. Sci Rep 2014;4:7173.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Horstmeyer R, Judkewitz B, Vellekoop IM, Assawaworrarit S, Yang C. Physical key-protected one-time pad. Sci Rep 2013;3:3543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Siebentritt S, Rau U, eds. Wide-Gap Chalcopyrites. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ao X, Cui X, Liu G. Implementation of GNSS Attitude Determination Receiver. In: Sun J, Jiao W, Wu H, Lu M, eds. China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings: Volume I Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Heart Failure.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Scientists Translate Dolphin Whistles. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-89-66.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith JM. (Un)Working Binaries, (Un)Doing Privilege: Narratives of Teachers Who Make Safe Spaces for LGBTQ Students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lyman R, Walsh MW. Bankrupt City Fighting to Open a Crack in California’s Pension Agency. New York Times 2014;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
AbbreviationEur. J. Heart Fail.
ISSN (print)1388-9842
ISSN (online)1879-0844
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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