How to format your references using the European Journal of Heart Failure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Heart Failure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zeilinger A. The message of the quantum. Nature 2005;438:743.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Serbina NV, Pamer EG. Immunology. Giving credit where credit is due. Science 2003;301:1856–1857.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hastings IM, Bray PG, Ward SA. Parasitology. A requiem for chloroquine. Science 2002;298:74–75.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Zhang H, Yang Z, Shen Y, Tong L. Crystal structure of the carboxyltransferase domain of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase. Science 2003;299:2064–2067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sheldrake P. The Spiritual City. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Soomere T, Quak E, eds. Preventive Methods for Coastal Protection: Towards the Use of Ocean Dynamics for Pollution Control. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Shaffer L. Biosurveillance Based on Test Orders from Veterinary Diagnostic Labs. In: Castillo-Chavez C, Chen H, Lober WB, Thurmond M, Zeng D, eds. Infectious Disease Informatics and Biosurveillance: Research, Systems and Case Studies Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 89–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Heart Failure.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. To Fight Zika, Let’s Genetically Modify Mosquitoes – The Old-Fashioned Way. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fight-zika-let-s-genetically-modify-mosquitoes-old-fashioned-way/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Issues Related to Providing Dedicated Funding for the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 May. Report No.: GAO-06-516.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nersessian N. Modified gravity with scale invariance and implications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Court Weighs Right to Guns, And Its Limits. New York Times 2008;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
AbbreviationEur. J. Heart Fail.
ISSN (print)1388-9842
ISSN (online)1879-0844
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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