How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Whitney B (2009) Astronomy. Forming massive stars. Science 323:719–720
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
van der Zwaag D, Meijer EW (2015) SELF-ORGANIZATION. Fueling connections between chemistry and biology. Science 349:1056–1057
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kim D, Son S-W, Jeong H (2014) Large-scale quantitative analysis of painting arts. Sci Rep 4:7370
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gibson L, Lee TM, Koh LP, et al (2011) Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity. Nature 478:378–381

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Doldi L (2005) Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Malinowska AB (2014) Quantum Variational Calculus. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cinbis RG, Sclaroff S (2012) Contextual Object Detection Using Set-Based Classification. In: Fitzgibbon A, Lazebnik S, Perona P, et al (eds) Computer Vision – ECCV 2012: 12th European Conference on Computer Vision, Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part VI. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2015) Russia And Europe Collaborate On A Joint Mission To The Moon. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/russia-and-europe-joint-mission-moon/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Set-Aside Funding for Assistance to Older Workers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bain Butler D (2010) How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L (2017) ‘Thousands’ of Jobs? And for Whom? New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0031-6970
ISSN (online)1432-1041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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