How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayr G (2004) Old World fossil record of modern-type hummingbirds. Science 304:861–864
A journal article with 2 authors
Taira T, Hatoyama Y (2011) Nuclear energy: Nationalize the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant. Nature 480:313–314
A journal article with 3 authors
Hessa T, White SH, von Heijne G (2005) Membrane insertion of a potassium-channel voltage sensor. Science 307:1427
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Heath DD, Heath JW, Bryden CA, et al (2003) Rapid evolution of egg size in captive salmon. Science 299:1738–1740

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cragg PJ (2006) A Practical Guide to Supramolecular Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Scerri E, McIntyre L (2015) Philosophy of Chemistry: Growth of a New Discipline. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Achilleos AP, Thoma M, Kapitsaki GM, et al (2015) An Automation Component for Cross-Platform, Context-Aware Applications Development. In: Christiansen H, Stojanovic I, Papadopoulos GA (eds) Modeling and Using Context: 9th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2015, Lanarca, Cyprus, November 2-6,2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT - Here’s How To Watch. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Mission Support Project: User Perceptions on Computer Use and Network Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayberry DS (2017) Total Relaxation Center, LLC. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Rutenberg J (2017) Pelley Said to Be Leaving Anchor Post With CBS News. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0031-6970
ISSN (online)1432-1041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles