How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2004) Bricks and mortar. Scandinavia’s material gains. Nature 429:906
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ambraseys N, Bilham R (2011) Corruption kills. Nature 469:153–155
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bloom DE, Canning D, Fink G (2008) Urbanization and the wealth of nations. Science 319:772–775
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kim H-M, Cho YS, Kim H, et al (2013) Whole genome comparison of donor and cloned dogs. Sci Rep 3:2998

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Avdeef A (2012) Absorption and Drug Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Alam SJ, Parunak HVD (2014) Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XIV: International Workshop, MABS 2013, Saint Paul, MN, USA, May 6-7, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Scher CS, Chui I, Miller SM (2014) General Principles of Intraoperative Management of the Severe Blunt or Polytrauma Patient: The Resuscitative Phase. In: Scher CS (ed) Anesthesia for Trauma: New Evidence and New Challenges. Springer, New York, NY, pp 81–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) World’s Tiniest Deer Species Born At New York City Zoo. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1973) Summary of United States Assistance to Jordan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Diorio CA (2010) The silent scream of Medusa: Restoring, or re-storying, her voice. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2015) M.L.S. Takes the Next Step, but Its Fans Are One Ahead. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0031-6970
ISSN (online)1432-1041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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