How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
White MF (2003) Insulin signaling in health and disease. Science 302:1710–1711
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Simons K, Mattaj IW (2011) Retrospective. Lennart Philipson (1929-2011). Science 333:711
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Iwasawa T, Hooley RJ, Rebek J Jr (2007) Stabilization of labile carbonyl addition intermediates by a synthetic receptor. Science 317:493–496
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Tavazoie SF, Alarcón C, Oskarsson T, et al (2008) Endogenous human microRNAs that suppress breast cancer metastasis. Nature 451:147–152

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shore SN (2005) The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Fehlman WL (2009) Mobile Robot Navigation with Intelligent Infrared Image Interpretation. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rihmer Z, Gonda X (2016) Temperament in Suicidal Behaviour. In: Courtet P (ed) Understanding Suicide: From Diagnosis to Personalized Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Climate Change and Pollution Threaten Future Food Supplies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1979) Women in the Workplace: An Annotated Bibliography. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
O’Connor CS (2015) Measurement of Dispersion and Attenuation in Granular Media using a Filter-Correlation Method. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Palmer E, Otis J (2017) Tradition of Helping Neediest Cases Inspires Readers to Give Back. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0031-6970
ISSN (online)1432-1041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

Other styles