How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Specialities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huch M. Regenerative biology: The versatile and plastic liver. Nature 2015;517:155–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richter JD, Theurkauf WE. Development. The message is in the translation. Science 2001;293:60–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komarneni S, Kozai N, Paulus WJ. Environment. Superselective clay for radium uptake. Nature 2001;410:771.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Quayle WC, Peck LS, Peat H, Ellis-Evans JC, Harrigan PR. Extreme responses to climate change in Antarctic lakes. Science 2002;295:645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koepsell D. Who Owns You? Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Kurz A, Lenisa M, Tarlecki A, editors. Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science: Third International Conference, CALCO 2009, Udine, Italy, September 7-10, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5728. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Vassev E, Hinchey M. Fundamentals of Designing Complex Aerospace Software Systems. In: Hammami O, Krob D, Voirin J-L, editors. Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSDM 2011, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Meaning of “Peer Review” Explained So That Even Breitbart Writers Can Understand. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Needs to Ensure New Acquisition Strategy is Based on Sufficient Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivas VE. Art appreciation program for homeless children: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Drucker J, Lipton E, Haberman M. Trump’s Family Still Benefiting From Businesses. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Specialities
AbbreviationInd. J. Med. Spec.
ISSN (print)0976-2884
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles