How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Specialities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Forcing the market. Nature 2003;426:735.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lybarger SR, Sandkvist M. Microbiology. A hitchhiker’s guide to type IV secretion. Science 2004;304:1122–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Han JS, Szak ST, Boeke JD. Transcriptional disruption by the L1 retrotransposon and implications for mammalian transcriptomes. Nature 2004;429:268–74.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Khare G, Reddy PV, Sidhwani P, Tyagi AK. KefB inhibits phagosomal acidification but its role is unrelated to M. tuberculosis survival in host. Sci Rep 2013;3:3527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel W. GAAP for Governments 2014. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Mandea M, Korte M, editors. Geomagnetic Observations and Models. vol. 5. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Kock N, Chatelain-Jardón R, Carmona J. Surprise and Human Evolution: How a Snake Screen Enhanced Knowledge Transfer Through a Web Interface. In: Kock N, editor. Evolutionary Psychology and Information Systems Research: A New Approach to Studying the Effects of Modern Technologies on Human Behavior, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010, p. 103–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities.

Blog post
Andrew E. High Court Rules Breast Cancer Gene Cannot Be Patented. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Elementary School Children: Many Change Schools Frequently, Harming Their Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson DH. Structured interactions and collective outcomes essays on production and finance. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rappeport A. Measure to Loosen Dodd-Frank Banking Rules Passes the House. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Specialities
AbbreviationInd. J. Med. Spec.
ISSN (print)0976-2884
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles