How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Specialities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vicsek T. A question of scale. Nature 2001;411:421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung ACM, Cramer P. Structural basis of RNA polymerase II backtracking, arrest and reactivation. Nature 2011;471:249–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dickie IA, Hurst JM, Bellingham PJ. Comment on “Conspecific negative density dependence and forest diversity.” Science 2012;338:469; author reply 469.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Myhrvold C, Freije CA, Gootenberg JS, Abudayyeh OO, Metsky HC, Durbin AF, et al. Field-deployable viral diagnostics using CRISPR-Cas13. Science 2018;360:444–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schulze V. Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Golden RE. Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ktari S, Hecker A. A Peer-to-Peer Social Network Overlay for Efficient Information Retrieval and Diffusion. In: Park JJ, Yang LT, Lee C, editors. Future Information Technology: 6th International Conference, FutureTech 2011, Loutraki, Greece, June 28-30, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 24–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Cause Of Carina Nebula’s “Pillars of Destruction” Identified. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Faces Challenges in Improving Its Financial Condition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts EM. Whose Books Get Published?: Individual Agency and the Business of Children’s Publishing. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee. New York Times 2006:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Specialities
AbbreviationInd. J. Med. Spec.
ISSN (print)0976-2884
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles