How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Specialities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rothwell NJ. Show them how it’s really done. Nature 2000;405:621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gheiratmand M, Mullen KT. Orientation tuning in human colour vision at detection threshold. Sci Rep 2014;4:4285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmer J, Nam Y, Rapoport TA. Structure of a complex of the ATPase SecA and the protein-translocation channel. Nature 2008;455:936–43.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Banavar JR, Damuth J, Maritan A, Rinaldo A. Ontogenetic growth: Modelling universality and scaling. Nature 2002;420:626; discussion 626-7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandridis AK, Zapranis AD. Wavelet Neural Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Dershowitz N, Nissan E, editors. Language, Culture, Computation. Computing of the Humanities, Law, and Narratives: Essays Dedicated to Yaacov Choueka on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, Part II. vol. 8002. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao Y, Zhou W, Zhang Y, Lanham EJ, Huang J. Clock Synchronization State Graphs Based on Clock Precision Difference. In: Hobbs M, Goscinski AM, Zhou W, editors. Distributed and Parallel Computing: 6th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, ICA3PP, Melbourne, Australia, October 2-3, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 34–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Study Suggests Badgers Do Not Spread TB To Cattle Directly. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Management: Issues Important to Farmers Home Administration Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clovis DJ. The thayer valve and its effect on a generation and beyond. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Steel E. After Ailes’s Departure, a Stony Silence at Fox. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Specialities
AbbreviationInd. J. Med. Spec.
ISSN (print)0976-2884
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles