How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Specialities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oppenheim J. Physics. For quantum information, two wrongs can make a right. Science 2008;321:1783–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brovkin V, Claussen M. Comment on “Climate-driven ecosystem succession in the Sahara: the past 6000 years.” Science 2008;322:1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace KA, Pearson JC, McGinnis W. An epidermal barrier wound repair pathway in Drosophila is mediated by grainy head. Science 2005;308:381–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Myers RA, Baum JK, Shepherd TD, Powers SP, Peterson CH. Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal ocean. Science 2007;315:1846–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knuth E. Trading Between the Lines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Dai M, editor. Innovative Computing and Information: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. vol. 231. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Guillaume F, Schoutens W. Bid-Ask Spread for Exotic Options under Conic Finance. In: Glau K, Scherer M, Zagst R, editors. Innovations in Quantitative Risk Management: TU München, September 2013, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Specialities.

Blog post
Andrew E. Slowdown Of Brain’s Waste Removal System Could Drive Alzheimer’s. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow Up of Sanitary Conditions in Selected Food Industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir CM. School counselor accountability practices: A national study. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Whipping Up a Brew That Is True to You. New York Times 2012:NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Specialities
AbbreviationInd. J. Med. Spec.
ISSN (print)0976-2884
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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