How to format your references using the International Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.J. Patel, RNA. Complete pairing not needed, Science. 346 (2014) 542–543.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Dubcovsky, J. Dvorak, Genome plasticity a key factor in the success of polyploid wheat under domestication, Science. 316 (2007) 1862–1866.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.O. Andersson, W.F. Doolittle, C.L. Nesbø, Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome?, Science. 292 (2001) 1848–1850.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Chen, S. Larochelle, X. Li, B. Suter, Xpd/Ercc2 regulates CAK activity and mitotic progression, Nature. 424 (2003) 228–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Kapterev, Presentation Secrets, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
H.B. Zaman, P. Robinson, P. Olivier, T.K. Shih, S. Velastin, eds., Advances in Visual Informatics: Third International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2013, Selangor, Malaysia, November 13-15, 2013. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Williams, Social Work Research and the City, in: C. Williams (Ed.), Social Work and the City: Urban Themes in 21st-Century Social Work, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 97–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Powering Nanotechnology With The World’s Smallest Engine, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT’s Enforcement Approach, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.C. Thom, Digital Martyrs and Shadowless Assailants: The Projective Shadow’s Emergence in Cyberspace, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. Neuman, Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths, New York Times. (2015) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0167-5273
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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