How to format your references using the International Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Rahmstorf, Thermohaline circulation: The current climate, Nature. 421 (2003) 699.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.W. Reid, C.V. Nicchitta, LOCAL TRANSLATION. Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling,” Science. 348 (2015) 1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Advani, M. Rajagopalan, P.H. Reddy, Calmodulin-like protein from M. tuberculosis H37Rv is required during infection, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6861.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.B. Andersen, B.C. Rourke, V.J. Caiozzo, A.F. Bennett, J.W. Hicks, Physiology: postprandial cardiac hypertrophy in pythons, Nature. 434 (2005) 37–38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Biech, 101 More Ways to Make Training Active, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
P. Hippe, Design of Observer-based Compensators: From the Time to the Frequency Domain, Springer, London, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
A.J. Crozier, The Trade and Aid Policy of the European Union: A Historical Perspective, in: P.J.J. Welfens, C. Ryan, S. Chirathivat, F. Knipping (Eds.), EU - Asean: Facing Economic Globalisation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Pope, Climate Change And The Cultural Dimensions Of The Anthropocene, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Schools and Libraries Corporation: Actions Needed to Strengthen Program Integrity Operations Before Committing Funds, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. LaPoint, The effects of aviation -based error management training on perioperative safety attitudes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Leibovich, The Redemption of the Slugger, New York Times. (2013) MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0167-5273
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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