How to format your references using the Ethical Theory and Moral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morse SS (2008) Retrospective: Joshua Lederberg (1925-2008). Science 319:1351
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoss M, Baillie TA (2004) Organic chemistry in drug discovery. Science 303:1810–1813
A journal article with 3 authors
Grieco F, van Noordwijk AJ, Visser ME (2002) Evidence for the effect of learning on timing of reproduction in blue tits. Science 296:136–138
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Garand E, Zhou J, Manolopoulos DE, et al (2008) Nonadiabatic interactions in the Cl + H2 reaction probed by ClH2- and ClD2- photoelectron imaging. Science 319:72–75

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ciana P (2011) New Frontiers in Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Smart JC (ed) (2009) Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Potiron K, El Fallah Seghrouchni A, Taillibert P (2013) Fault Tolerance for MAS Specific Faults. In: El Fallah Seghrouchni A, Taillibert P (eds) From Fault Classification to Fault Tolerance for Multi-Agent Systems. Springer, London, pp 37–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Physicists Create World’s Coolest Molecules. In: IFLScience.’s-coolest-molecules/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Longer Combination Trucks: Potential Infrastructure Impacts, Productivity Benefits, and Safety Concerns. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugg J (2012) Small Graces: Mapping a Route of Beauty to the Heart of the World. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Redemption Is in Burress’s Sizable Reach. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morse 2008).
This sentence cites two references (MacCoss and Baillie 2004; Morse 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacCoss and Baillie 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Garand et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthical Theory and Moral Practice
AbbreviationEthical Theory Moral Pract.
ISSN (print)1386-2820
ISSN (online)1572-8447
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles