How to format your references using the Ethical Theory and Moral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) A decisive effort? Nature 418:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnqvist G, Rowe L (2002) Antagonistic coevolution between the sexes in a group of insects. Nature 415:787–789
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpin A, Johnson PJM, Miller RJD (2014) Comment on “Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems.” Science 344:1099
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yokoyama T, Yokoyama S, Kamikado T, et al (2001) Selective assembly on a surface of supramolecular aggregates with controlled size and shape. Nature 413:619–621

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi D, Chouinard M, Marcotte S, Riopel D (2012) Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ottaviano L, Morandi V (eds) (2012) GraphITA 2011: Selected papers from the Workshop on Fundamentals and Applications of Graphene. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sugimura H, Yamada H, Kageyama S, et al (2011) Glioblastoma: Germline Mutation of TP53. In: Hayat MA (ed) Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 2: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 2). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Young Stars Might Help Make Organic Molecules. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Have Made Progress Implementing the E-Government Act of 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez Abadia JM (2014) French for Spanish speakers: A contrastive study of English monolingual, bilingual, and plurilingual adult learners of French. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY J, Mueller B (2015) Glimpses Inside Secretive Sect After Teenager’s Fatal Beating. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Arnqvist and Rowe 2002; Smaglik 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnqvist and Rowe 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yokoyama et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthical Theory and Moral Practice
AbbreviationEthical Theory Moral Pract.
ISSN (print)1386-2820
ISSN (online)1572-8447
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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