How to format your references using the Ethical Theory and Moral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul D (2000) A double-edged sword. Nature 405:515
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartmann DL, Hendon HH (2007) Atmospheric science. Resolving an atmospheric enigma. Science 318:1731–1732
A journal article with 3 authors
Halberda J, Mazzocco MMM, Feigenson L (2008) Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement. Nature 455:665–668
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang L, Wang Y, Liang Y, et al (2014) PFOS induced lipid metabolism disturbances in BALB/c mice through inhibition of low density lipoproteins excretion. Sci Rep 4:4582

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Källén A (2011) Understanding Biostatistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Levia DF, Carlyle-Moses D, Tanaka T (eds) (2011) Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lee C-C, Katsamanis A, Black MP, et al (2011) Affective State Recognition in Married Couples’ Interactions Using PCA-Based Vocal Entrainment Measures with Multiple Instance Learning. In: D’Mello S, Graesser A, Schuller B, Martin J-C (eds) Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction: Fourth International Conference, ACII 2011, Memphis, TN, USA, October 9–12, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Ranking Exoplanets By Their Ability To Support Life. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/ranking-exoplanets-their-ability-support-life/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Public Transportation: Transit Agencies’ Actions to Address Increased Ridership Demand and Options to Help Meet Future Demand. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawary Y (2014) A Comparison of How Three Four-Year University Teacher Education Programs Prepare Pre-Service Teachers to Use Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Suspicion Is One Nemesis Armstrong Can’t Outpedal. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Paul 2000; Hartmann and Hendon 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartmann and Hendon 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthical Theory and Moral Practice
AbbreviationEthical Theory Moral Pract.
ISSN (print)1386-2820
ISSN (online)1572-8447
ScopePhilosophy
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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