How to format your references using the Ethical Theory and Moral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zamore PD (2002) Ancient pathways programmed by small RNAs. Science 296:1265–1269
A journal article with 2 authors
Minton DA, Malhotra R (2009) A record of planet migration in the main asteroid belt. Nature 457:1109–1111
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma L, Teruya-Feldstein J, Weinberg RA (2007) Tumour invasion and metastasis initiated by microRNA-10b in breast cancer. Nature 449:682–688
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reits EA, Vos JC, Grommé M, Neefjes J (2000) The major substrates for TAP in vivo are derived from newly synthesized proteins. Nature 404:774–778

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van der Heide P (2014) Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Singh D (ed) (2014) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Jiao LR, Navarra G, Weber J-C, et al (2006) Radio Frequency Assisted Liver Resection: The Habib’s Technique. In: Habib NA, Canelo R (eds) Liver and Pancreatic Diseases Management. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 31–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) Watch SpaceX Launch Their Reusable Rocket LIVE. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Overhead Costs: Unallowable Costs Charged by Rockwell Corporation, Rocketdyne Division. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turner LB (2012) Diet, physical activity and breast cancer risk: An integrative science cross-populational approach. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney S (2017) Stunt Deaths Renew a Debate Over Safety. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zamore 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Zamore 2002; Minton and Malhotra 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minton and Malhotra 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Reits et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthical Theory and Moral Practice
AbbreviationEthical Theory Moral Pract.
ISSN (print)1386-2820
ISSN (online)1572-8447
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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