How to format your references using the Epilepsy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epilepsy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2015. Economic divide taking toll on European science. Nature 517, 123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loreau, M., Hector, A., 2001. Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments. Nature 412, 72–76.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris, G.C., Wimmer, M., Aston-Jones, G., 2005. A role for lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons in reward seeking. Nature 437, 556–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chin, A.I., Dempsey, P.W., Bruhn, K., Miller, J.F., Xu, Y., Cheng, G., 2002. Involvement of receptor-interacting protein 2 in innate and adaptive immune responses. Nature 416, 190–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elliott, C.H., Smith, L.L., 2010. Overcoming Anxiety for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cesar, P., Chorianopoulos, K., Jensen, J.F. (Eds.), 2007. Interactive TV: a Shared Experience: 5th European Conference, EuroITV 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 24-25, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vorländer, H., 2013. Bringing Democracy Back In? From Local Politics to Global Politics, in: Merle, J.-C. (Ed.), Spheres of Global Justice: Volume 1 Global Challenges to Liberal Democracy. Political Participation, Minorities and Migrations. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 75–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epilepsy Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Lion Learns To Open Car Doors [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lion-learns-open-car-doors/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Information Technology: HHS Has Several Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but Needs to Address Key Weaknesses (No. GAO-06-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moretto, L., 2012. Exploring the Nature of the Relationship Between Decision-Driven Scenarios and Decision Confidence in High-Velocity Environments (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., 2016. Putin Tightens His Grip on Russia’s Parliament With an Election Rout. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Loreau and Hector, 2001; Macilwain, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loreau and Hector, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chin et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEpilepsy Research
AbbreviationEpilepsy Res.
ISSN (print)0920-1211
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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