How to format your references using the Epilepsy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epilepsy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsushima, Y., 2014. Weaker signals induce more precise temporal-integration. Sci. Rep. 4, 4660.
A journal article with 2 authors
He, W., Ren, T., 2013. Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions. Sci. Rep. 3, 1874.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keller, K.E., Tan, I.S., Lee, Y.-S., 2012. SAICAR stimulates pyruvate kinase isoform M2 and promotes cancer cell survival in glucose-limited conditions. Science 338, 1069–1072.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, S., Roelofs, J., Kim, W., Robert, J., Schmidt, M., Gygi, S.P., Finley, D., 2009. Hexameric assembly of the proteasomal ATPases is templated through their C termini. Nature 459, 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fickelscherer, R.J., Chester, D.L., 2012. Optimal Automated Process Fault Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Christianson, B., Švenda, P., Matyáš, V., Malcolm, J., Stajano, F., Anderson, J. (Eds.), 2015. Security Protocols XXIII: 23rd International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 31 - April 2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Grangier, D., Monay, F., Bengio, S., 2007. Learning to Retrieve Images from Text Queries with a Discriminative Model, in: Marchand-Maillet, S., Bruno, E., Nürnberger, A., Detyniecki, M. (Eds.), Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: User, Context, and Feedback: 4th International Workshop, AMR 2006, Geneva, Switzerland, July 27-28, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epilepsy Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. NASA Photographs Massive Crack In Antarctica Ice Shelf [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-photographs-massive-crack-in-antarctica-ice-shelf/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Digital Television Transition: Majority of Broadcasters Are Prepared for the DTV Transition, but Some Technical and Coordination Issues Remain (No. GAO-08-510). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minger, L., 2017. Examining Education Leadership Communication Practices around Basic and Advanced Skill Sets: A Multiple Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ellsberg, S.S., 1967. Letters; THE ROAD AHEAD. New York Times The New York Times MagazineSM10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsushima, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (He and Ren, 2013; Tsushima, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He and Ren, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEpilepsy Research
AbbreviationEpilepsy Res.
ISSN (print)0920-1211
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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