How to format your references using the Epigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mi B. Materials science. Graphene oxide membranes for ionic and molecular sieving. Science. 343(6172), 740–742 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Côté IM, Cheney KL. Animal mimicry: choosing when to be a cleaner-fish mimic. Nature. 433(7023), 211–212 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
Shinkai K, Mohrs M, Locksley RM. Helper T cells regulate type-2 innate immunity in vivo. Nature. 420(6917), 825–829 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Navarre WW, Porwollik S, Wang Y, et al. Selective silencing of foreign DNA with low GC content by the H-NS protein in Salmonella. Science. 313(5784), 236–238 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay J, Tasman A. Essentials of Psychiatry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dietert RR, Luebke RW, editors. Immunotoxicity, Immune Dysfunction, and Chronic Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Frederick CD. Chinampa Cultivation in the Basin of Mexico. In: Seeking a Richer Harvest: The Archaeology of Subsistence Intensification, Innovation, and Change. Thurston TL, Fisher CT (Eds.), Springer US, Boston, MA, 107–124 (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epigenomics.

Blog post
Fang J. China’s Rising Emissions Offset U.S. Reductions in Ozone Pollution [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak Training: Improvements Needed for Employees Who Inspect and Maintain Rail Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norris EL. A depth psychological view of the Christian myth: C. G. Jung, Elizabeth Boyden Howes, and the Guild for Psychological Studies. (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood C. A Puppet Musical Is Silly but Serious. New York Times, C6 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpigenomics
ISSN (print)1750-1911
ISSN (online)1750-192X
ScopeCancer Research

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