How to format your references using the Enzyme and Microbial Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enzyme and Microbial Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.N. Germain, William E. Paul (1936-2015), Nature. 526 (2015) 324.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.J. Eliades, X. Wang, Neural substrates of vocalization feedback monitoring in primate auditory cortex, Nature. 453 (2008) 1102–1106.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-P. Bibring, S.W. Squyres, R.E. Arvidson, Planetary science. Merging views on Mars, Science. 313 (2006) 1899–1901.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Schippers, L.N. Neretin, J. Kallmeyer, T.G. Ferdelman, B.A. Cragg, R.J. Parkes, B.B. Jørgensen, Prokaryotic cells of the deep sub-seafloor biosphere identified as living bacteria, Nature. 433 (2005) 861–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Perez, Network Security, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
P. Noguera, J. Pierce, R. Ahram, eds., Race, Equity, and Education: Sixty Years from Brown, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
C.-W. Tsoi, Development of a Cross-Domain Web-based GIS Platform to Support Surveillance and Control of Communicable Diseases, in: P.C. Lai, A.S.H. Mak (Eds.), GIS for Health and the Environment: Development in the Asia-Pacific Region With 110 Figures, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 44–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enzyme and Microbial Technology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Here’s What It Takes To Raise Seriously Smart Kids, According To A 45-Year-Long Study, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Incorporation of Contract Clause Into Proposed FPR Temporary Regulation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Z.B. Hall II, General Relativistic Non-Radial Oscillations in Compact Stars, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Comics, Classic and Newer, Make a Comeback, New York Times. (2015) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnzyme and Microbial Technology
AbbreviationEnzyme Microb. Technol.
ISSN (print)0141-0229
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles