How to format your references using the Enzyme and Microbial Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enzyme and Microbial Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.H. Schwartz, Anthropology. Getting to know Homo erectus, Science. 305 (2004) 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Stevens, S. Bony, Climate change. What are climate models missing?, Science. 340 (2013) 1053–1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.M. Douglas, I. Bachelet, G.M. Church, A logic-gated nanorobot for targeted transport of molecular payloads, Science. 335 (2012) 831–834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q.D. Truong, M.K. Devaraju, Y. Ganbe, T. Tomai, I. Honma, Controlling the shape of LiCoPO₄ nanocrystals by supercritical fluid process for enhanced energy storage properties, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.G. Ramm, N.S. Hoang, Dynamical Systems Method and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
K. Kunisch, G. Of, O. Steinbach, eds., Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications: Proceedings of ENUMATH 2007, the 7th European Conference on Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications, Graz, Austria, September 2007, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Anderson, The China Monetary Policy Handbook, in: J.R. Barth, J.A. Tatom, G. Yago (Eds.), China’s Emerging Financial Markets: Challenges and Opportunities, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 167–265.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enzyme and Microbial Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How The Air We Breathe Was Created By Earth’s Tectonic Plates, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Improvement Grants: Education Should Take Additional Steps to Enhance Accountability for Schools and Contractors, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.J. Diaz Gonzalez, High-Pressure Study of Bio-inspired Multi-Functional Nanocomposites Using Atomic Force Microscopy Methods, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Dress Like a Benefactor, New York Times. (2010) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnzyme and Microbial Technology
AbbreviationEnzyme Microb. Technol.
ISSN (print)0141-0229
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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