How to format your references using the AORN Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AORN Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Finlay BB. Microbiology. Cracking Listeria’s password. Science. 2001;292(5522):1665-1667.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vrabioiu AM, Mitchison TJ. Structural insights into yeast septin organization from polarized fluorescence microscopy. Nature. 2006;443(7110):466-469.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cook RL, Martin PJ, Geremia JM. Optical coherent state discrimination using a closed-loop quantum measurement. Nature. 2007;446(7137):774-777.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Polonia A, Bonatti E, Camerlenghi A, Lucchi RG, Panieri G, Gasperini L. Mediterranean megaturbidite triggered by the AD 365 Crete earthquake and tsunami. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blanchet G, Charbit M. Digital Signal and Image Processing Using MATLAB®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Seffah A, Metzker E, eds. Adoption-Centric Usability Engineering: Systematic Deployment, Assessment and Improvement of Usability Methods in Software Engineering. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sheaff MT, Singh N. The Thyroid Gland. In: Singh N, ed. Cytopathology: An Introduction. Springer; 2013:143-178.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AORN Journal.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Female Pigs Recognize The Sex of Sperm. IFLScience. Published May 21, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/female-pigs-recognize-sex-sperm/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Implementing a Data Handling Policy for Space Science Flight Investigations. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gonzalez SN. Analysis of the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act on California’s children: A report card on the CalWORKs program. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. Ethel M. Smyth, Opera Composer, Met a Chorus of Critical Disdain in 1903. New York Times. February 19, 2016:C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAORN Journal
AbbreviationAORN J.
ISSN (print)0001-2092
ScopeMedical–Surgical

Other styles