How to format your references using the AORN Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AORN Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hakim AM. Perspective: silent, but preventable, perils. Nature. 2014;510(7506):S12.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rothschild LJ, Mancinelli RL. Life in extreme environments. Nature. 2001;409(6823):1092-1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Burnham D, Kitamura C, Vollmer-Conna U. What’s new, pussycat? On talking to babies and animals. Science. 2002;296(5572):1435.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li J, Xiao X, Xu X, et al. Activated boron nitride as an effective adsorbent for metal ions and organic pollutants. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Borisenko VE, Ossicini S. What Is What in the Nanoworld. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Talia D. Grid Middleware and Services: Challenges and Solutions. (Yahyapour R, Ziegler W, eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hsu C-L, Lin Y-L, Wu T-C, Su C-H. Threshold Convertible Authenticated Encryption Scheme for Hierarchical Organizations. In: Kim T-H, Chang AC-C, Li M, Rong C, Patrikakis CZ, Ślęzak D, eds. Communication and Networking: International Conference, FGCN 2010, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings, Part I. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:23-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AORN Journal.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Excitation and Inhibition Co-Exist in Disappointment. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/excitation-and-inhibition-co-exist-disappointment/. Published September 19, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FBI Needs an Enterprise Architecture to Guide Its Modernization Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Royalty AR. U.S. Military Advisors in Iraq: A Phenomenological Research Study on the Role of National Culture on Tactical Decision-making during Wartime. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Liptak A, Wines M. Justices Thwart Strict Voter ID Law That Unevenly Hurt Blacks. New York Times. May 15, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleAORN Journal
AbbreviationAORN J.
ISSN (print)0001-2092
ScopeMedical–Surgical

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