How to format your references using the Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R (2005) Profile. South Africa’s bone man: 80 and still digging into the past. Science 310:608–609
A journal article with 2 authors
Stive MJF, Reniers AJHM (2003) Geophysics. Sandbars in motion. Science 299:1855–1856
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez-Villagra MR, Aguilera O, Horovitz I (2003) The anatomy of the world’s largest extinct rodent. Science 301:1708–1710
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liang X, Li H, Tian G, Li S (2014) Dynamic microbe and molecule networks in a mouse model of colitis-associated colorectal cancer. Sci Rep 4:4985

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jensen RC (2012) Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhang Y (aimee) (ed) (2015) Handbook of Mobile Teaching and Learning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Waterworth J, Hoshi K (2016) Designing with Blends. In: Hoshi K (ed) Human-Experiential Design of Presence in Everyday Blended Reality: Living in the Here and Now. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Galactic “Hot-Dog-Eating Competition” Lasts Hundreds Of Millions Of Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Amtrak: Information on Amtrak’s Operating Expenses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson S (2014) Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1994) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 148

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Stive and Reniers 2003; Koenig 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stive and Reniers 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Liang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Management
AbbreviationEnviron. Manage.
ISSN (print)0364-152X
ISSN (online)1432-1009
Global and Planetary Change

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