How to format your references using the Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Narain S (2012) Sanitation for all. Nature 486:185
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellegren H, Sheldon BC (2008) Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature 452:169–175
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuan X, Xiao S, Taylor TN (2005) Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago. Science 308:1017–1020
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Piao J, Tsuji K, Ochi H, et al (2013) Sirt6 regulates postnatal growth plate differentiation and proliferation via Ihh signaling. Sci Rep 3:3022

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abran A (2015) Software Project Estimation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lyte M (ed) (2016) Microbial Endocrinology: Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S (2011) Acquisition. In: Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S (eds) Mergers & Acquisitions in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Exercise Changes The Way Our Bodies Work At A Molecular Level. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/exercise-changes-the-way-our-bodies-work-at-a-molecular-level/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Intellectual Property: Comparison of Patent Examination Statistics for Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins JD (2012) Answers in diagenesis: Assessing mussel shell diagenesis in the modern vadose zone at Lyon’s Bluff (22OK520), northeast Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) President Issues Terms of a Deal Over ‘Dreamers.’ New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Narain 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ellegren and Sheldon 2008; Narain 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellegren and Sheldon 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Piao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Management
AbbreviationEnviron. Manage.
ISSN (print)0364-152X
ISSN (online)1432-1009
ScopeEcology
Global and Planetary Change
Pollution

Other styles