How to format your references using the Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern P (2012) Depression. Defeating the dementors. Introduction. Science 338:67
A journal article with 2 authors
Chapman A, Wyndham J (2013) Human rights. A human right to science. Science 340:1291
A journal article with 3 authors
Gros J, Serralbo O, Marcelle C (2009) WNT11 acts as a directional cue to organize the elongation of early muscle fibres. Nature 457:589–593
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Calais E, Mattioli G, DeMets C, et al (2005) Seismology: tectonic strain in plate interiors? Nature 438:E9-10; discussion E10

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni S, Harman G (2011) An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lichtfouse E (ed) (2012) Organic Fertilisation, Soil Quality and Human Health. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Fan P, Haran JG, Dillenburg J, Nelson PC (2005) Cluster-Based Framework in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks. In: Syrotiuk VR, Chávez E (eds) Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 4th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2005, Cancun, Mexico, October 6-8, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 32–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Management.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Scientists Engineer Bacteria To Replicate Color Photographs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Aviation Security: Federal Action Needed to Strengthen Domestic Air Cargo Security. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez JM (2008) Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Ruling Seen as Giving an Edge to Challengers of Patents. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stern 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Stern 2012; Chapman and Wyndham 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chapman and Wyndham 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Calais et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Management
AbbreviationEnviron. Manage.
ISSN (print)0364-152X
ISSN (online)1432-1009
Global and Planetary Change

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