How to format your references using the Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kormendy J (2000) Galactic rotation in real time. Nature 407:307, 309
A journal article with 2 authors
Su C-Y, Carlson JR (2013) Neuroscience. Circuit logic of avoidance and attraction. Science 340:1295–1297
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowe SW, Cepero E, Evan G (2004) Intrinsic tumour suppression. Nature 432:307–315
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vocadlo L, Alfè D, Gillan MJ, et al (2003) Possible thermal and chemical stabilization of body-centred-cubic iron in the Earth’s core. Nature 424:536–539

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
You H, Jianjuan X, Xin G (2016) Radar Data Processing with Applications. John Wiley &;#38; Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Lam K-Y, Chi C-H, Qing S (eds) (2016) Information and Communications Security: 18th International Conference, ICICS 2016, Singapore, Singapore, November 29 – December 2, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sumpter L (2015) Preschool Teachers’ Conceptions about Mathematics. In: Bernack-Schüler C, Erens R, Leuders T, Eichler A (eds) Views and Beliefs in Mathematics Education: Results of the 19th MAVI Conference. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) A New Type Of Surfboard Could Soon Be Making Waves. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Telecommunications: Characteristics and Competitiveness of the Internet Backbone Market. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibb A (2012) Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sokolove M (2017) Following the Money. New York Times AR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kormendy 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kormendy 2000; Su and Carlson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Su and Carlson 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Vocadlo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Management
AbbreviationEnviron. Manage.
ISSN (print)0364-152X
ISSN (online)1432-1009
Global and Planetary Change

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