How to format your references using the Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amin M (2013) Energy: The smart-grid solution. Nature 499:145–147
A journal article with 2 authors
Donia MS, Fischbach MA (2015) HUMAN MICROBIOTA. Small molecules from the human microbiota. Science 349:1254766
A journal article with 3 authors
Newhall CG, Power JA, Punongbayan RS (2002) Pinatubo eruption. “To make grow.” Science 295:1241–1242
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Palmer LE, Rabinowicz PD, O’Shaughnessy AL, et al (2003) Maize genome sequencing by methylation filtration. Science 302:2115–2117

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kapterev A (2011) Presentation Secrets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Laming MM (ed) (2012) The New Inheritors: Transforming Young People’s Expectations of University. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth M (2011) Review of Existing Solar Wineries. In: Russell J, Milanowski T (eds) Solar Energy in the Winemaking Industry. Springer, London, pp 241–356

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Management.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Dramatic Jump Of Global Temperature In 2016 Has Shocked Scientists. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Mass Transit: Information on Federal Participation in Transit Benefit Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culver MD (2015) Assessing the influence of emotional intelligence on effective fire service leadership. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2016) Intimate Portraits of a Golden Era. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amin 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Amin 2013; Donia and Fischbach 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donia and Fischbach 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Palmer et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Management
AbbreviationEnviron. Manage.
ISSN (print)0364-152X
ISSN (online)1432-1009
Global and Planetary Change

Other styles