How to format your references using the Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young ED (2007) Geochemistry. Strange water in the solar system. Science 317:211–212
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevenson IR, Bryant DM (2000) Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature 406:366–367
A journal article with 3 authors
Lonsdorf EV, Eberly LE, Pusey AE (2004) Sex differences in learning in chimpanzees. Nature 428:715–716
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hayashi M, Thomas L, Moriya R, et al (2008) Current-controlled magnetic domain-wall nanowire shift register. Science 320:209–211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson B, Bria A, Lind J, et al (2005) Wireless Foresight. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Posada de la Paz M, Groft SC (eds) (2010) Rare Diseases Epidemiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Fischer V, Ricci F, Yakimova O (2013) Nilpotent Gelfand Pairs and Spherical Transforms of Schwartz Functions II: Taylor Expansions on Singular Sets. In: Huckleberry A, Penkov I, Zuckerman G (eds) Lie Groups: Structure, Actions, and Representations: In Honor of Joseph A. Wolf on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday. Springer, New York, NY, pp 81–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Management.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Watch A Bald Eagle Snatch A Baby Osprey From Its Nest. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Chemical Assessments: Challenges Remain with EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kazadi MM (2013) Use of Data Fusion and SPC in Vibrations Detection. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy S (2013) Time to Take the Leap. New York Times E11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Stevenson and Bryant 2000; Young 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevenson and Bryant 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayashi et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Management
AbbreviationEnviron. Manage.
ISSN (print)0364-152X
ISSN (online)1432-1009
Global and Planetary Change

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