How to format your references using the Environmental and Ecological Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Ecological Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hellemans A (2002) Getting into good company. Nature 416:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Goncharenko I, Loubeyre P (2005) Neutron and X-ray diffraction study of the broken symmetry phase transition in solid deuterium. Nature 435:1206–1209
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith J, Theodoris C, Davidson EH (2007) A gene regulatory network subcircuit drives a dynamic pattern of gene expression. Science 318:794–797
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stone EC, Cummings AC, McDonald FB, et al (2005) Voyager 1 explores the termination shock region and the heliosheath beyond. Science 309:2017–2020

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr H, Moeneclaey M, Fechtel SA (2001) Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Simjee S (ed) (2007) Foodborne Diseases. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Delang CO, Li WM (2013) Factors Contributing to Differences in Forest Recovery Rates. In: Li WM (ed) Ecological Succession on Fallowed Shifting Cultivation Fields: A Review of the Literature. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 91–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Ecological Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Huge Solar Storm Produces Spectacular Northern Lights. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Are Likely to Limit Identification of Similar Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hood EP (2015) Male teacher perspective on the recruitment of male elementary teachers: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ, Stevenson A (2017) Whole Foods Finds an Unlikely Refuge. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hellemans 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hellemans 2002; Goncharenko and Loubeyre 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goncharenko and Loubeyre 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Stone et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Ecological Statistics
AbbreviationEnviron. Ecol. Stat.
ISSN (print)1352-8505
ISSN (online)1573-3009
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
General Environmental Science
Statistics and Probability

Other styles