How to format your references using the Environmental and Ecological Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Ecological Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rausher MD (2007) Comment on “Evolutionary paths underlying flower color variation in Antirrhinum.” Science 315:461; author reply 461
A journal article with 2 authors
González-Reyes A, Casanova J (2008) Developmental biology. Return to the proliferative pool. Science 321:1450–1451
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn SG, Campbell EB, MacKinnon R (2014) Physical mechanism for gating and mechanosensitivity of the human TRAAK K+ channel. Nature 516:126–130
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Poizot P, Laruelle S, Grugeon S, et al (2000) Nano-sized transition-metal oxides as negative-electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Nature 407:496–499

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias J, Hochhauser D (2014) Cancer and its Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Koutny M, Aalst WMP van der, Yakovlev A (eds) (2013) Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VIII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tilkemeier PL (2016) The Complexity of the Non-invasive Cardiac Imaging Process. In: Tilkemeier PL, Hendel RC, Heller GV, Case JA (eds) Quality Evaluation in Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Ecological Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) American Ebola Patients Receive New Experimental Treatment. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Oversight of Key Programs, but Additional Actions Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haire KK (2015) Elucidation of the Role of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase in Drug-Induced Toxicity. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Syndergaard Has to Take Mets’ Offer. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rausher 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rausher 2007; González-Reyes and Casanova 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (González-Reyes and Casanova 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Poizot et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Ecological Statistics
AbbreviationEnviron. Ecol. Stat.
ISSN (print)1352-8505
ISSN (online)1573-3009
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
General Environmental Science
Statistics and Probability

Other styles