How to format your references using the Environmental and Ecological Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Ecological Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Aerospace meets biotech. Nature 429:223
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubenstein DR, Lovette IJ (2009) Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species. Nature 462:786–789
A journal article with 3 authors
Chisholm SW, Falkowski PG, Cullen JJ (2001) Oceans. Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. Science 294:309–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Herd CDK, Blinova A, Simkus DN, et al (2011) Origin and evolution of prebiotic organic matter as inferred from the Tagish Lake meteorite. Science 332:1304–1307

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan TR, Bala Tripura Sundari B (2005) Design Through Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tawil Kuri M (ed) (2016) Latin American Foreign Policies towards the Middle East: Actors, Contexts, and Trends. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Mönch L, Fowler JW, Mason SJ (2013) Dispatching Approaches. In: Fowler JW, Mason SJ (eds) Production Planning and Control for Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Facilities: Modeling, Analysis, and Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 65–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Ecological Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) The True Price of Shark Fin Soup. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/true-price-shark-fin-soup/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Special Education: Numbers of Formal Disputes Are Generally Low and States Are Using Mediation and Other Strategies to Resolve Conflicts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu P (2017) Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) New Ways to Woo Jaded Consumers. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Rubenstein and Lovette 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubenstein and Lovette 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Herd et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Ecological Statistics
AbbreviationEnviron. Ecol. Stat.
ISSN (print)1352-8505
ISSN (online)1573-3009
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
General Environmental Science
Statistics and Probability

Other styles