How to format your references using the Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barron M (2008) Science & music: raising the roof. Nature 453:859–860.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelemen PB & Hirth G (2007) A periodic shear-heating mechanism for intermediate-depth earthquakes in the mantle. Nature 446:787–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitou M, Barton SC & Surani MA (2002) A molecular programme for the specification of germ cell fate in mice. Nature 418:293–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marketon MM, DePaolo RW, DeBord KL, Jabri B & Schneewind O (2005) Plague bacteria target immune cells during infection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309:1739–1741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duhon T (2012) How the Trading Floor Really Works. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Hänsler E & Schmidt G (Ed by ) (2006) Topics in Acoustic Echo and Noise Control: Selected Methods for the Cancellation of Acoustical Echoes, the Reduction of Background Noise, and Speech Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu W & Chiu RLH (2011) The Planning and Design of Environmentally Sustainable High-Rises. High-Rise Living in Asian Cities. (ed by B Yuen & AGO Yeh) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Meet The Lazarus Creatures – Six Species We Thought Were Extinct, But Aren’t. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Motorcycle Safety: Increasing Federal Funding Flexibility and Identifying Research Priorities Would Help Support States’ Safety Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere EC (2017) Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) After Election, More New Yorkers Are Telling Volunteer Groups, ‘I Can Help.’ New York Times:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barron, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kelemen & Hirth, 2007; Barron, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelemen & Hirth, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Marketon et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
AbbreviationEntomol. Exp. Appl.
ISSN (print)0013-8703
ISSN (online)1570-7458
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles