How to format your references using the Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart L (2014) Gerontology: Will you still need me, will you still feed me? Nature 514:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyanari Y & Torres-Padilla M-E (2012) Control of ground-state pluripotency by allelic regulation of Nanog. Nature 483:470–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berken A, Thomas C & Wittinghofer A (2005) A new family of RhoGEFs activates the Rop molecular switch in plants. Nature 436:1176–1180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brembs B, Lorenzetti FD, Reyes FD, Baxter DA & Byrne JH (2002) Operant reward learning in Aplysia: neuronal correlates and mechanisms. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296:1706–1709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès H (2013) Linear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Middleton L (2005) Hexagonal Image Processing: A Practical Approach (J Sivaswamy, Ed. by ). Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Spoor M (2005) Inequality, Poverty and Conflict in Transition Economies. Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical “Development” Reader. (ed by M Spoor) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Scientists Identify The Genes Responsible For Cannabis’ Distinct Flavor. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Federal Policy, Plans, and Organization for Science and Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudyal Kharel A (2015) Pyrolysis Studies of Copper and Copper Phosphate Mixtures on a Tungsten Surface.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Cubs Send Nationals to Their Latest Early Exit. New York Times:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Miyanari & Torres-Padilla, 2012; Stewart, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miyanari & Torres-Padilla, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Brembs et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
AbbreviationEntomol. Exp. Appl.
ISSN (print)0013-8703
ISSN (online)1570-7458
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles