How to format your references using the Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D (2010) Entertaining science. Nature 466:27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber TS & Deutsch C (2010) Ocean nutrient ratios governed by plankton biogeography. Nature 467:550–554.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarter J, Boge G & Darlow G (2001) Essays on science and society. Safeguarding the world’s natural treasures. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294:2099–2101.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hessa T, Meindl-Beinker NM, Bernsel A, Kim H, Sato Y, Lerch-Bader M, Nilsson I, White SH & von Heijne G (2007) Molecular code for transmembrane-helix recognition by the Sec61 translocon. Nature 450:1026–1030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chinesta F, Cescotto S, Cueto E & Lorong P (2013) Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wantzen KM, Rothhaupt K-O, Mörtl M, Cantonati M, -Tóth LG & Fischer P (Ed by ) (2008) Ecological Effects of Water-Level Fluctuations in Lakes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gablina IF, Dobretsova IG & Popova EA (2016) Biomineralization Processes During the Formation of Modern Oceanic Sulfide Ore and Ore-bearing Sediments. Biogenic—Abiogenic Interactions in Natural and Anthropogenic Systems. (ed by OV Frank-Kamenetskaya, EG Panova & DY Vlasov) Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Happens When You Cover Your Body In Mentos And Jump In A Bathtub Full Of Coke Zero? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Survey at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selis AH (2010) Holding the center: How one Jewish day school negotiates differences in a pluralistic community.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Federer and Nadal Have Never Met In New York, but Have Come Close. New York Times:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz, 2010; Weber & Deutsch, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weber & Deutsch, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hessa et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
AbbreviationEntomol. Exp. Appl.
ISSN (print)0013-8703
ISSN (online)1570-7458
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles