How to format your references using the Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Breukink E (2009) Cell biology. Lethal traffic jam. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325:684–685.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee AJ & You L (2014) Cell biology. Cells listen to their inner voice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343:624–625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajca A, Wongsriratanakul J & Rajca S (2001) Magnetic ordering in an organic polymer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294:1503–1505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sarkar I, Hauber I, Hauber J & Buchholz F (2007) HIV-1 proviral DNA excision using an evolved recombinase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316:1912–1915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy T (2012) Electromagnetism. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Decety J & Christen Y (Ed by ) (2014) New Frontiers in Social Neuroscience. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Araújo V & Pacifico MJ (2010) Robustness on the Whole Ambient Space. Three-Dimensional Flows. (ed by MJ Pacifico) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 99–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Science And Fiction Behind Blade Runner. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Aviation Assistance: Information on Payments Made Under the Disaster Relief and Insurance Reimbursement Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witt SR (2017) A Study of the Relationship of Online Course Factors and Passing or Failing an Online Course.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hess FM & Darling-Hammond L (2011) How to Rescue Education Reform. New York Times:A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Breukink, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Breukink, 2009; Lee & You, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & You, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sarkar et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
AbbreviationEntomol. Exp. Appl.
ISSN (print)0013-8703
ISSN (online)1570-7458
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles