How to format your references using the Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lunt D. Palaeoclimate science: Causes and effects of Antarctic ice. Nature. 2014;511:536–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mojzsis SJ, Harrison TM. Origin and significance of Archean quartzose rocks at Akilia, Greenland. Science. 2002;298:917; discussion 917.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nava E, Steiger T, Röder B. Both developmental and adult vision shape body representations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6622.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Robinson LF, Adkins JF, Keigwin LD, Southon J, Fernandez DP, Wang S-L, et al. Radiocarbon variability in the western North Atlantic during the last deglaciation. Science. 2005;310:1469–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Daïan J-F. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 2. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Petersen F, Amstutz R, editors. Natural Compounds as Drugs: Volume II. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sidhu AS, Bellgard M. Protein Data Integration Problem. In: Sidhu AS, Dillon TS, editors. Biomedical Data and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Snake Found In Bottled Water. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: USDA Should Evaluate the Performance of the Rural Broadband Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-471.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Angell BD. Transformational Innovation and Transformational Leadership in the U.S. Government Department of Defense Acquisitions Workforce [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lipton E, Protess B, Lehren AW. Raft of Potential Conflicts In President’s Appointees. New York Times. 2017 Apr 15;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Res. (Thessalon.)
ISSN (online)2241-5793

Other styles