How to format your references using the Energy Conversion and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Conversion and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marx V. Cell communication: stop the microbial chatter. Nature 2014;511:493–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Moine H, Mandel JL. Biomedicine. Do G quartets orchestrate fragile X pathology? Science 2001;294:2487–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rideout WM 3rd, Eggan K, Jaenisch R. Nuclear cloning and epigenetic reprogramming of the genome. Science 2001;293:1093–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ozcan U, Yilmaz E, Ozcan L, Furuhashi M, Vaillancourt E, Smith RO, et al. Chemical chaperones reduce ER stress and restore glucose homeostasis in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. Science 2006;313:1137–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gardi F, Benoist T, Darlay J, Estellon B, Megel R. Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Kundisch D, Veit DJ, Weitzel T, Weinhardt C, editors. Enterprise Applications and Services in the Finance Industry: 4th International Workshop, FinanceCom 2008, Paris, France, December 13, 2008. Revised Papers. vol. 23. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Villacis B, Carrillo D. The Socioeconomic Paradox of Galapagos. In: Walsh SJ, Mena CF, editors. Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Conversion and Management.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Physicists Plan To Put A Microbe In Two Places At Once. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/schrodingers-microbe/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tucker TN. Virtual K-12 leadership: A postmodern paradigm. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rockwell J. Berlin Stories. New York Times 2017:BR49.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Conversion and Management
AbbreviationEnergy Convers. Manag.
ISSN (print)0196-8904
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles