How to format your references using the Energy Conversion and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Conversion and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lewenstein M. Physics. Resolving physical processes on the attosecond time scale. Science 2002;297:1131–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Woolf CJ, Bloechlinger S. Neuroscience. It takes more than two to Nogo. Science 2002;297:1132–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hansel DE, Eipper BA, Ronnett GV. Neuropeptide Y functions as a neuroproliferative factor. Nature 2001;410:940–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Cooke J, Sullivan M, Barton EJ, Bullock JS, Carlberg RG, Gal-Yam A, et al. Type IIn supernovae at redshift z approximately 2 from archival data. Nature 2009;460:237–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pruitt G. The Ultimate Algorithmic Trading System Toolbox + Website. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Kuenzer C, Dech S, editors. Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Sensors, Methods, Applications. vol. 17. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dijkstra M. Constraining Reionization with Lyα Emitting Galaxies. In: Mesinger A, editor. Understanding the Epoch of Cosmic Reionization: Challenges and Progress, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 145–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Conversion and Management.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. The Five Most Surprising Cosmetic Surgery Trends Across The Globe. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/the-five-most-surprising-cosmetic-surgery-trends-across-the-globe/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Questions for the Record Related to Amtrak’s Food and Beverage Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kramer JA. Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. Tarnish on the Torch. New York Times 2016:BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Conversion and Management
AbbreviationEnergy Convers. Manag.
ISSN (print)0196-8904
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles