How to format your references using the Emotion, Space and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emotion, Space and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redish, A.D., 2004. Addiction as a computational process gone awry. Science 306, 1944–1947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, S., Miura, T., 2010. Reaction-diffusion model as a framework for understanding biological pattern formation. Science 329, 1616–1620.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Forges, B.R., Koslow, J.A., Poore, G.C., 2000. Diversity and endemism of the benthic seamount fauna in the southwest Pacific. Nature 405, 944–947.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X., Huong, S.-M., Chiu, M.L., Raab-Traub, N., Huang, E.-S., 2003. Epidermal growth factor receptor is a cellular receptor for human cytomegalovirus. Nature 424, 456–461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welsh, A.H., 1996. Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bica, I., Reyhanitabar, R. (Eds.), 2016. Innovative Security Solutions for Information Technology and Communications: 9th International Conference, SECITC 2016, Bucharest, Romania, June 9-10, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhidayasiri, R., Tarsy, D., 2012. Tremor-Dominant Parkinson’s Disease, in: Tarsy, D. (Ed.), Movement Disorders: A Video Atlas: A Video Atlas. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 8–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emotion, Space and Society.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. 50 Years Ago, We Were Taking The First Photos From The Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India (No. GAO-06-423). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paulone, S., 2013. Mergers and Acquisitions: Examining Managerial Strategy Connection to Post Transaction Accounting Measures (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., Walsh, M.W., 2013. Billions in Debt, Detroit Tumbles Into Insolvency. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Redish, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kondo and Miura, 2010; Redish, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo and Miura, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmotion, Space and Society
AbbreviationEmot. Space Soc.
ISSN (print)1755-4586
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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