How to format your references using the Emotion, Space and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emotion, Space and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K.S., 2001. Indian rocket fizzles out as test launch fails to fly. Nature 410, 619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lindvall, O., Kokaia, Z., 2006. Stem cells for the treatment of neurological disorders. Nature 441, 1094–1096.
A journal article with 3 authors
Humphries, M.M., Thomas, D.W., Speakman, J.R., 2002. Climate-mediated energetic constraints on the distribution of hibernating mammals. Nature 418, 313–316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kampe, K.K., Frith, C.D., Dolan, R.J., Frith, U., 2001. Reward value of attractiveness and gaze. Nature 413, 589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C., 2012. Engineers’ Data Book. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hölldobler, S., Lutz, C., Wansing, H. (Eds.), 2008. Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 11th European Conference, JELIA 2008, Dresden, Germany, September 28-October 1, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Prasad, S.V., Meher, K.K., 2016. Anaerobic Digestion of Solid Waste: A Focus on Microbial Community Structures, in: Karthikeyan, O.P., Heimann, K., Muthu, S.S. (Eds.), Recycling of Solid Waste for Biofuels and Bio-Chemicals, Environmental Footprints and Eco-Design of Products and Processes. Springer, Singapore, pp. 127–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emotion, Space and Society.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Disco-Loving Sea Lion Helps Shed Light On Evolutionary Origins Of Music [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. James Webb Space Telescope: Project on Track but May Benefit from Improved Contractor Data to Better Understand Costs (No. GAO-16-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maitland, J., 2017. Differences in Perceived Organizational Justice Based Upon Overall Performance Appraisal Ratings (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S., Bennhold, K., Castle, S., 2017. Britain’s Rebuke Of Its Leadership Upends E.U. Exit. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman, 2001; Lindvall and Kokaia, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lindvall and Kokaia, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kampe et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmotion, Space and Society
AbbreviationEmot. Space Soc.
ISSN (print)1755-4586
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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