How to format your references using the Emotion, Space and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emotion, Space and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A., 2011. Pharmacogenomics: playing the odds. Nature 474, S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casals, F., Bertranpetit, J., 2012. Genetics. Human genetic variation, shared and private. Science 337, 39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maier, T., Jenni, S., Ban, N., 2006. Architecture of mammalian fatty acid synthase at 4.5 A resolution. Science 311, 1258–1262.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Angers, R.C., Kang, H.-E., Napier, D., Browning, S., Seward, T., Mathiason, C., Balachandran, A., McKenzie, D., Castilla, J., Soto, C., Jewell, J., Graham, C., Hoover, E.A., Telling, G.C., 2010. Prion strain mutation determined by prion protein conformational compatibility and primary structure. Science 328, 1154–1158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 1998. Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mason, R., Pirrone, N. (Eds.), 2009. Mercury Fate and Transport in the Global Atmosphere: Emissions, Measurements and Models. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ganpule, A.P., Desai, M.R., 2014. PNL: Indications and Guidelines: Urolithiasis, in: Scoffone, C.M., Hoznek, A., Cracco, C.M. (Eds.), Supine Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and ECIRS: The New Way of Interpreting PNL. Springer, Paris, pp. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emotion, Space and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Fun Experiments To Do In Cold Weather [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Answers to Questions With Regard to Statements on the Office of Technology Assessment (No. B-177806). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro, R., 2012. Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Hyperactive Latvian ‘Not Afraid of Anything’ Makes Final. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Casals and Bertranpetit, 2012; Maxmen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casals and Bertranpetit, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Angers et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmotion, Space and Society
AbbreviationEmot. Space Soc.
ISSN (print)1755-4586
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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