How to format your references using the Emotion, Space and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emotion, Space and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazar, M.A., 2008. Developmental biology. How now, brown fat? Science 321, 1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silver, P.G., Behn, M.D., 2008. Intermittent plate tectonics? Science 319, 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B., Parquette, J.R., RajanBabu, T.V., 2009. Regiodivergent ring opening of chiral aziridines. Science 326, 1662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, C., Hong, B., Choi, J.M., Kim, Yugene, Watanabe, S., Ishimi, Y., Enomoto, T., Tada, S., Kim, Youngchang, Cho, Y., 2004. Structural basis for inhibition of the replication licensing factor Cdt1 by geminin. Nature 430, 913–917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, P.J., 2017. Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nakada, S.Y., Pearle, M.S. (Eds.), 2006. Advanced Endourology: The Complete Clinical Guide, Current Clinical Urology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Sui Pheng, L., Rui, Z., 2016. Research Methodology, in: Rui, Z. (Ed.), Service Quality for Facilities Management in Hospitals. Springer, Singapore, pp. 65–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emotion, Space and Society.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Nike’s “Back To The Future II” Self-Lacing Trainers Are Coming In November [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Public Transportation: Multiple Factors Influence Extent of Transit-Oriented Development (No. GAO-15-70). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, Y.M., 2019. Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. How Penguins Make A Home on Road Ice. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lazar, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lazar, 2008; Silver and Behn, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silver and Behn, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmotion, Space and Society
AbbreviationEmot. Space Soc.
ISSN (print)1755-4586
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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