How to format your references using the Emotion, Space and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emotion, Space and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegfried, T., 2005. In praise of hard questions. Science 309, 76–77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voit, G.M., Bryan, G.L., 2001. Regulation of the X-ray luminosity of clusters of galaxies by cooling and supernova feedback. Nature 414, 425–427.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sokolov, S., Scheuer, T., Catterall, W.A., 2007. Gating pore current in an inherited ion channelopathy. Nature 446, 76–78.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aronson, R.B., Precht, W.F., Macintyre, I.G., Murdoch, T.J., 2000. Coral bleach-out in Belize. Nature 405, 36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar, R.K., 2008. Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, United Kingdom.
An edited book
Walochnik, J., Duchêne, M. (Eds.), 2016. Molecular Parasitology: Protozoan Parasites and their Molecules. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenkrantz, D.J., Stearns, R.E., Lewis, P.M., 2009. System Level Concurrency Control for Distributed Database Systems, in: Ravi, S.S., Shukla, S.K. (Eds.), Fundamental Problems in Computing: Essays in Honor of Professor Daniel J. Rosenkrantz. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emotion, Space and Society.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Apparently No One Knows Where Loofahs Come From [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Answers to Questions With Regard to Statements on the Office of Technology Assessment (No. B-177806). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luse, K.M., 2008. Invariants of knots, graphs, and Feynman diagrams (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2013. Hitting the Wall: For Marathon Charities, Numbers Are Slowing. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegfried, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Siegfried, 2005; Voit and Bryan, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Voit and Bryan, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Aronson et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmotion, Space and Society
AbbreviationEmot. Space Soc.
ISSN (print)1755-4586
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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