How to format your references using the Emerging Themes in Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Themes in Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smith A. Cell biology: Potency unchained. Nature. 2014;505:622–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nielsen S, Zenkin N. Transcription. Response to Comment on “Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination.” Science. 2014;345:524.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grutzendler J, Kasthuri N, Gan W-B. Long-term dendritic spine stability in the adult cortex. Nature. 2002;420:812–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dick IE, Tadross MR, Liang H, Tay LH, Yang W, Yue DT. A modular switch for spatial Ca2+ selectivity in the calmodulin regulation of CaV channels. Nature. 2008;451:830–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Good PI. Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Hutter K. Fluid and Thermodynamics: Volume 2: Advanced Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamic Fundamentals. Wang Y, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jon C. Polysomnography in Children. In: Pereira KD, Mitchell RB, editors. Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009. p. 35–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Themes in Epidemiology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Cute Falcon Chick Was Rescued At CERN [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/this-cute-falcon-chick-was-rescued-at-cern/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Sep. Report No.: 131721.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carlson DL. BOUND/(bang) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Citing Storm, Puerto Rico Delays Plan. New York Times. 2015 Aug 31;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Themes in Epidemiology
AbbreviationEmerg. Themes Epidemiol.
ISSN (online)1742-7622
ScopeEpidemiology

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