How to format your references using the Emerging Themes in Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Themes in Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marx V. Biology: The big challenges of big data. Nature. 2013;498:255–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Heath RJ, Rock CO. A triclosan-resistant bacterial enzyme. Nature. 2000;406:145–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Richards-Kortum R, Gray LV, Oden M. IBI* series winner. Engaging undergraduates in global health technology innovation. Science. 2012;336:430–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vanacore R, Ham A-JL, Voehler M, Sanders CR, Conrads TP, Veenstra TD, et al. A sulfilimine bond identified in collagen IV. Science. 2009;325:1230–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Heads G. Living Mindfully. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Wang Y, Xiong H, Argamon S, Li X, Li J, editors. Big Data Computing and Communications: First International Conference, BigCom 2015, Taiyuan, China, August 1-3, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Johnson MH. Making a Home: Archaeologies of the Medieval English Village. In: Habu J, Fawcett C, Matsunaga JM, editors. Evaluating Multiple Narratives: Beyond Nationalist, Colonialist, Imperialist Archaeologies. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Themes in Epidemiology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Super Active Sun Knocks Out Global Radio With Huge Solar Flare [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/slooh-hosts-live-broadcast-super-active-sun/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Industrialization Act of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jun. Report No.: 112559.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mills AD. Strategic school solutions: A capacity building framework for leaders accelerating 21st century teaching and learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. No. 1, but Not at the Top of Their Games. New York Times. 2017 May 18;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Themes in Epidemiology
AbbreviationEmerg. Themes Epidemiol.
ISSN (online)1742-7622
ScopeEpidemiology

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