How to format your references using the Cambridge Archaeological Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Archaeological Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rarity, J.G., 2003. Physics. Getting entangled in free space, Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5633), 604–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trainor, P. & R. Krumlauf, 2002. Development. Riding the crest of the Wnt signaling wave, Science (New York, N.Y.) 297(5582), 781–83.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strauss, E., G. Oszkinis & R. Staniszewski, 2014. SEPP1 gene variants and abdominal aortic aneurysm: gene association in relation to metabolic risk factors and peripheral arterial disease coexistence, Scientific reports 4, 7061.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bohn, L.M., R.R. Gainetdinov, F.T. Lin, R.J. Lefkowitz & M.G. Caron, 2000. Mu-opioid receptor desensitization by beta-arrestin-2 determines morphine tolerance but not dependence, Nature 408(6813), 720–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiorenzani, S., S. Ravelli & E. Edoli, 2012. The Handbook of Energy Trading. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
(eds.)Biffl, S., D. Winkler & J. Bergsmann, 2012. Software Quality. Process Automation in Software Development: 4th International Conference, SWQD 2012, Vienna, Austria, January 17-19, 2012. Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Murphy, R.P., 2014. Ben Bernanke, The FDR of Central Bankers, in The Fed at One Hundred: A Critical View on the Federal Reserve System, eds. D. Howden & J.T. Salerno. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Chameleon Tongues Are 400 Times Stickier Than Ours. IFLScience 21 June 2016 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick, E., 2015. A Comparative Study on Pheromone Communication between Schizophyllum Species, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Suffolk Schools to Say Goodbye to DARE, New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rarity 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rarity 2003; Trainor & Krumlauf 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trainor & Krumlauf 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bohn et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Archaeological Journal
AbbreviationCamb. Archaeol. J.
ISSN (print)0959-7743
ISSN (online)1474-0540
Cultural Studies

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