How to format your references using the Cambridge Archaeological Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Archaeological Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D., 2001. UK changes policy on life insurance, Nature 414(6859), 6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brimioulle, R. & T. Bach, 2013. Enantioselective Lewis acid catalysis of intramolecular enone [2+2] photocycloaddition reactions, Science (New York, N.Y.) 342(6160), 840–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grunwald, R., T. Elsaesser & M. Bock, 2014. Spatio-temporal coherence mapping of few-cycle vortex pulses, Scientific reports 4, 7148.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Möller, P., D.G. Madland, A.J. Sierk & A. Iwamoto, 2001. Nuclear fission modes and fragment mass asymmetries in a five-dimensional deformation space, Nature 409(6822), 785–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maré, J.-C., 2016. Aerospace Actuators 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(eds.)Baldacchino, G. & D. Niles, 2011. Island Futures: Conservation and Development Across the Asia-Pacific Region (Global Environmental Studies). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, W. & A.F.T. Winfield, 2012. Distributed Autonomous Morphogenesis in a Self-Assembling Robotic System, in Morphogenetic Engineering: Toward Programmable Complex Systems, eds. R. Doursat, H. Sayama & O. Michel (Understanding Complex Systems). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 89–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. River Dolphin Sonar Is Well-Suited For Life In The Busy Amazon. IFLScience 12 October 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lemheney, A.J., 2014. Design and Development of Virtual Reality Simulation for Teaching High-Risk Low-Volume Problem-Prone Office-Based Medical Emergencies, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 1994. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, New York Times 1312.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2001; Brimioulle & Bach 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brimioulle & Bach 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Möller et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Archaeological Journal
AbbreviationCamb. Archaeol. J.
ISSN (print)0959-7743
ISSN (online)1474-0540
Cultural Studies

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