How to format your references using the Cambridge Archaeological Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Archaeological Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harnett, M.M., 2006. Immunology. B cells spread and gather, Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5774), 709–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vanag, V.K. & I.R. Epstein, 2001. Inwardly rotating spiral waves in a reaction-diffusion system, Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5543), 835–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas, J.S., B. Zavala & C.E. Landisman, 2011. Activity-dependent long-term depression of electrical synapses, Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6054), 389–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, L., Y. Kawagoe, P. Hogan & D. Delmer, 2002. Sitosterol-beta-glucoside as primer for cellulose synthesis in plants, Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5552), 147–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korst, J. & V. Pronk, 2006. Multimedia Storage and Retrieval. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
(ed.)Yamamoto, S., 2015. Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Knowledge in Context: 17th International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part II (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bajd, T., M. Mihelj & M. Munih, 2013. Geometric Robot Model, in Introduction to Robotics, eds. M. Mihelj & M. Munih (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. In Our Wi-Fi World, The Internet Still Depends On Undersea Cables. IFLScience 5 November 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, N., 2017. High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2016. Comic Book Looks at Harsh Life in Syria, New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harnett 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Harnett 2006; Vanag & Epstein 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vanag & Epstein 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Archaeological Journal
AbbreviationCamb. Archaeol. J.
ISSN (print)0959-7743
ISSN (online)1474-0540
Cultural Studies

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