How to format your references using the Cambridge Archaeological Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Archaeological Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myneni, S.C.B., 2002. Formation of stable chlorinated hydrocarbons in weathering plant material, Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5557), 1039–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergmann, O. & J. Frisén, 2013. Neuroscience. Why adults need new brain cells, Science (New York, N.Y.) 340(6133), 695–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheung, W.W.L., R. Watson & D. Pauly, 2013. Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch, Nature 497(7449), 365–68.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meech, K.J., R. Weryk, M. Micheli, J.T. Kleyna, O.R. Hainaut, R. Jedicke, R.J. Wainscoat, K.C. Chambers, J.V. Keane, A. Petric, L. Denneau, E. Magnier, T. Berger, M.E. Huber, H. Flewelling, C. Waters, E. Schunova-Lilly & S. Chastel, 2017. A brief visit from a red and extremely elongated interstellar asteroid, Nature 552(7685), 378–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heckman, R., 2016. Designing Platform Independent Mobile Apps and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(eds.)Calders, T., F. Esposito, E. Hüllermeier & R. Meo, 2014. Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2014, Nancy, France, September 15-19, 2014. Proceedings, Part II (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mozyrska, D. & M. Wyrwas, 2015. Fractional Linear Equations with Discrete Operators of Positive Order, in Advances in Modelling and Control of Non-Integer-Order Systems: 6th Conference on Non-Integer Order Calculus and Its Applications, 2014 Opole, Poland, eds. K.J. Latawiec, M. Łukaniszyn & R. Stanisławski (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Invertebrates inject a bit of romance during sex – by stabbing each other. IFLScience 26 June 2014 .–-stabbing-each-other/ [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroud, M., 2012. Solar Desalination in the Southwest United States: A Thermoeconomic Analysis Utilizing the Sun to Desalt Water in High Irradiance Regions, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A.L., 2014. Push to Rid City of Classrooms That Are Anything but Temporary, New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myneni 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bergmann & Frisén 2013; Myneni 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergmann & Frisén 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Meech et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Archaeological Journal
AbbreviationCamb. Archaeol. J.
ISSN (print)0959-7743
ISSN (online)1474-0540
Cultural Studies

Other styles