How to format your references using the Cambridge Archaeological Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Archaeological Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daszak, P., 2010. Epidemiology. Bats, in black and white, Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5992), 634–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taira, T. & Y. Hatoyama, 2011. Nuclear energy: Nationalize the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant, Nature 480(7377), 313–14.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilchrist, A., K.J. Resch & A.G. White, 2007. Quantum information: source of triggered entangled photon pairs?, Nature 445(7124), E4-5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Noggle, S., H.-L. Fung, A. Gore, H. Martinez, K.C. Satriani, R. Prosser, K. Oum, D. Paull, S. Druckenmiller, M. Freeby, E. Greenberg, K. Zhang, R. Goland, M.V. Sauer, R.L. Leibel & D. Egli, 2011. Human oocytes reprogram somatic cells to a pluripotent state, Nature 478(7367), 70–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson, R.L. & F.F. Murtha, 2010. MarketPsych. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nicolaidis, M. (ed.), 2011. Soft Errors in Modern Electronic Systems (Frontiers in Electronic Testing). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Dobreva, M., E. McCulloch, D. Birrell, Y. Ünal & P. Feliciati, 2010. Digital Natives and Specialised Digital Libraries: A Study of Europeana Users, in Technological Convergence and Social Networks in Information Management: Second International Symposium on Information Management in a Changing World, IMCW 2010, Ankara, Turkey, September 22-24, 2010. Proceedings, eds. S. Kurbanoğlu, U. Al, P. Lepon Erdoğan, Y. Tonta & N. Uçak (Communications in Computer and Information Science). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Museum’s Blue Whale Skeleton Found To Be A ‘Time Capsule’ From 1930s. IFLScience 23 February 2017 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moua, P., 2009. Differential Functions of the Kinesin-1 Tail in Drosophila Melanogaster Transport Processes, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S. & J. Kanter, 2017. Austria’s Rightward Lurch Reflects Europe’s New Anti-Immigration Leanings, New York Times A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bar-Peled 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Savage 2013; Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taira & Hatoyama 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Archaeological Journal
AbbreviationCamb. Archaeol. J.
ISSN (print)0959-7743
ISSN (online)1474-0540
Cultural Studies

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