How to format your references using the Cambridge Archaeological Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Archaeological Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmerr, N., 2012. The Gutenberg discontinuity: melt at the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6075), 1480–83.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beg, A.A. & P. Scheiffele, 2006. Neuroscience. SUMO wrestles the synapse, Science (New York, N.Y.) 311(5763), 962–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kareiva, P., A. Chang & M. Marvier, 2008. Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects, Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5896), 1638–39.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deguchi, S., S.-A. Mukai, H. Sakaguchi & Y. Nonomura, 2013. Non-engineered nanoparticles of C₆₀, Scientific reports 3, 2094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cerroni, L., K. Gatter & H. Kerl, 2009. Skin Lymphoma: The Illustrated Guide. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Issariyakul, T., 2009. Introduction to Network Simulator NS2. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Eng, M.L. & J.T. Birch, 2014. Medication Use and Polypharmacy in Older Adults, in Geriatric Urology, ed. T.L. Griebling. New York, NY: Springer, 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Normal Skin Contains High Number Of Cancer-Linked Mutations. IFLScience 27 May 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuvar, K.M., 2015. Balanced and Collaborative Outsourcing of IT Services: A Qualitative Delphi Study of Enterprise Partnerships, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C., 2016. A Jacobean Hit Man Who Doesn’t Want Cash, New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmerr 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Beg & Scheiffele 2006; Schmerr 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beg & Scheiffele 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Deguchi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Archaeological Journal
AbbreviationCamb. Archaeol. J.
ISSN (print)0959-7743
ISSN (online)1474-0540
Cultural Studies

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