How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lake JA. Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Nature. 2011;480(7378):458.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Phillips GN, Evans KA. Role of CO2 in the formation of gold deposits. Nature. 2004;429(6994):860-863.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Husale S, Persson HHJ, Sahin O. DNA nanomechanics allows direct digital detection of complementary DNA and microRNA targets. Nature. 2009;462(7276):1075-1078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Phiel CJ, Wilson CA, Lee VM-Y, Klein PS. GSK-3alpha regulates production of Alzheimer’s disease amyloid-beta peptides. Nature. 2003;423(6938):435-439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shafer G, Vovk V. Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game! John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Crutzen PJ, Brauch HG, eds. Paul J. Crutzen: A Pioneer on Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Change in the Anthropocene. Vol 50. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zeng R, Zhang X, Xiong T, Zhou G, Yue R. QRS Complex. In: Zeng R, ed. Graphics-Sequenced Interpretation of ECG. Springer; 2016:69-119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Contest Gives You The Chance To 3D Print Your Own Design On The International Space Station. IFLScience. Published August 1, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/contest-gives-you-the-chance-to-3d-print-your-own-design-on-the-international-space-station/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Basic Agreements With Educational Institutions or Nonprofit Organizations for Award of Research and Development Contracts. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Purdioux L. Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. A Debate? Or Rivals Just Trying to Go Viral? New York Times. October 10, 2016:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences
ISSN (print)2090-0740
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery

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