How to format your references using the Computers in Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leroy, A. (2015). Astrophysics: Glimpse into a primitive stellar nursery. Nature, 525(7568), 195–197.
A journal article with 2 authors
Embley, T. M., & Martin, W. (2006). Eukaryotic evolution, changes and challenges. Nature, 440(7084), 623–630.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng, R.-L., Zhang, H., & Jiang, W.-L. (2014). Tumor necrosis factor-alpha 308G>A polymorphism and risk of rheumatic heart disease: a meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 4, 4731.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Omi, T., Ogata, Y., Hirata, Y., & Aihara, K. (2013). Forecasting large aftershocks within one day after the main shock. Scientific Reports, 3, 2218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont, D. P. (2011). Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing. 1 Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01, Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Williams, J. D., Pasch, K. E., & Collins, C. A. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Communication Research to Reduce Childhood Obesity. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gilligan, K. (2014). The Non-Proliferation Regime and the NPT. In J. L. Black-Branch & D. Fleck (Eds.), Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law - Volume I (pp. 85–104). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Human Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 11). Water On Rosetta’s Comet Different To Water On Earth. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2009 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. GAO-10-92R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liao, W. (2010). The epitope specificity of the human anti-Candida albicans antibody M1g1 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2010, October 1). A.I.G. and U.S. Agree on Exit Plan, but Numbers Are Uncertain. New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leroy, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Embley & Martin, 2006; Leroy, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Embley & Martin, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Zheng, Zhang, & Jiang, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Omi, Ogata, Hirata, & Aihara, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Human Behavior
AbbreviationComput. Human Behav.
ISSN (print)0747-5632
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Human-Computer Interaction
General Psychology

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