How to format your references using the Computers in Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lozier, M. S. (2010). Deconstructing the conveyor belt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5985), 1507–1511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shanahan, M. E. R., & Sefiane, K. (2014). Recalcitrant bubbles. Scientific Reports, 4, 4727.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S., Vohs, J. M., & Gorte, R. J. (2000). Direct oxidation of hydrocarbons in a solid-oxide fuel cell. Nature, 404(6775), 265–267.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shen, C., Wang, X., Zhang, W., & Kang, F. (2013). Direct prototyping of patterned nanoporous carbon: a route from materials to on-chip devices. Scientific Reports, 3, 2294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geman, H. (2015). Agricultural Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pal, N. R., & Jain, L. (Eds.). (2005). Advanced Techniques in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Petersson, B., & Vamling, K. (2016). Vanished in the Haze: White Elephants, Environmental Degradation and Circassian Marginalization in Post-Olympics Sochi. In A. Makarychev & A. Yatsyk (Eds.), Mega Events in Post-Soviet Eurasia: Shifting Borderlines of Inclusion and Exclusion (pp. 59–76). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Human Behavior.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 19). This Awesome Little 3D-Printed Robot Could One Day Help With Search And Rescue. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Congressional Oversight: FAA Case Study Shows How Agency Performance, Budgeting, and Financial Information Could Enhance Oversight (GAO-06-378). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman, C. L. (2015). Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wakabayashi, D., & Corkery, M. (2017, August 23). Walmart And Google Partner, Eyes On Amazon. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lozier, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lozier, 2010; Shanahan & Sefiane, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shanahan & Sefiane, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Park et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Human Behavior
AbbreviationComput. Human Behav.
ISSN (print)0747-5632
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Human-Computer Interaction
General Psychology

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