How to format your references using the Computers in Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens, B. (2014). Melanoma. Nature, 515(7527), S109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goring, D. R., & Walker, J. C. (2004). Plant sciences. Self-rejection--a new kinase connection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5663), 1474–1475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altizer, S., Bartel, R., & Han, B. A. (2011). Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6015), 296–302.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rebouissou, S., Amessou, M., Couchy, G., Poussin, K., Imbeaud, S., Pilati, C., Izard, T., Balabaud, C., Bioulac-Sage, P., & Zucman-Rossi, J. (2009). Frequent in-frame somatic deletions activate gp130 in inflammatory hepatocellular tumours. Nature, 457(7226), 200–204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D. (2016). Design Constraints for NFC Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bulling, N., Torre, L. van der, Villata, S., Jamroga, W., & Vasconcelos, W. (Eds.). (2014). Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 15th International Workshop, CLIMA XV, Prague, Czech Republic, August 18-19, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8624). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bunimovich, L., & Webb, B. (2014). Pseudospectra and Inverse Pseudospectra. In B. Webb (Ed.), Isospectral Transformations: A New Approach to Analyzing Multidimensional Systems and Networks (pp. 129–146). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Human Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 11). Meet the World’s Grumpiest Frog. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 6 (No. 149845). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belflower, K. E. (2012). The relationship between demographic and employment variables of job satisfaction among emergency nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016, October 7). Boogaard’s Pill Dealer Receives Probation. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Owens, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Goring & Walker, 2004; Owens, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goring & Walker, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Altizer et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rebouissou et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Human Behavior
AbbreviationComput. Human Behav.
ISSN (print)0747-5632
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Human-Computer Interaction
General Psychology

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