How to format your references using the Computers in Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkelstein, G. (2001). Essays on science and society. Romanticism, race, and recapitulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2101–2102.
A journal article with 2 authors
Francesconi, M., & Lehner, B. (2014). The effects of genetic variation on gene expression dynamics during development. Nature, 505(7482), 208–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaucher, E. A., Govindarajan, S., & Ganesh, O. K. (2008). Palaeotemperature trend for Precambrian life inferred from resurrected proteins. Nature, 451(7179), 704–707.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jaccard, S. L., Haug, G. H., Sigman, D. M., Pedersen, T. F., Thierstein, H. R., & Röhl, U. (2005). Glacial/interglacial changes in subarctic north pacific stratification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5724), 1003–1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, F., Kemp, J., & Ilkka, J. (2006). Mobile Web Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dye, S. T. (Ed.). (2007). Neutrino Geophysics: Proceedings of Neutrino Sciences 2005. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lőw, P., Molnár, K., & Kriska, G. (2016). Dissection of a Snail (Helix pomatia). In K. Molnár & G. Kriska (Eds.), Atlas of Animal Anatomy and Histology (pp. 49–77). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Human Behavior.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 31). Eruption Causes Alaskan Island To Double In Size In Just One Month. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Discontinuance of Social Security Student Benefits (117523). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jang, S. H. (2010). Interpretation of extended techniques in unaccompanied flute works by East-Asian composers: Isang Yun, Toru Takemitsu, and Kazuo Fukushima [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M. (2017, May 27). Rebuked Twice by Supreme Court, North Carolina Republicans Are Unfazed. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkelstein, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Finkelstein, 2001; Francesconi & Lehner, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Francesconi & Lehner, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gaucher et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jaccard et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Human Behavior
AbbreviationComput. Human Behav.
ISSN (print)0747-5632
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Human-Computer Interaction
General Psychology

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