How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frank L (2002) Biotechnology in the Medicon Valley. Nature 420:A27, A29, A31 passim
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox AL, Siliciano RF (2014) HIV: Not-so-innocent bystanders. Nature 505:492–493
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyazaki T, Sueyoshi K, Hiraga T (2013) Olivine crystals align during diffusion creep of Earth’s upper mantle. Nature 502:321–326
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pelletier L, O’Toole E, Schwager A, et al (2006) Centriole assembly in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 444:619–623

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feyel P (2013) Loop-shaping Robust Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Terris DJ, Singer MC (eds) (2014) Minimally Invasive and Robotic Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
García-Vidal J, Guerrero-Zapata M, Morillo-Pozo J, Fusté-Vilella D (2007) A Protocol Stack for Cooperative Wireless Networks. In: García-Vidal J, Cerdà-Alabern L (eds) Wireless Systems and Mobility in Next Generation Internet: Third International Workshop of the EURO-NGI Network of Excellence, Sitges, Spain, June 6-9, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 62–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Globular Clusters Could Produce Binary Black Holes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Highway Infrastructure: Quality Improvements Would Safeguard Billions of Dollars Already Invested. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strickland KC (2012) A historical analysis of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) ‘Thousands’ of Jobs? And for Whom? New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frank 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Frank 2002; Cox and Siliciano 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Siliciano 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pelletier et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Pathology
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0815-3191
ISSN (online)1448-6032
ScopePlant Science

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