How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lyon GJ (2012) Personalized medicine: Bring clinical standards to human-genetics research. Nature 482:300–301
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller PS, Aricescu AR (2014) Crystal structure of a human GABAA receptor. Nature 512:270–275
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam E, Kato N, Lawton M (2001) Programmed cell death, mitochondria and the plant hypersensitive response. Nature 411:848–853
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Imai T, Yamazaki T, Kobayakawa R, et al (2009) Pre-target axon sorting establishes the neural map topography. Science 325:585–590

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deacon M, Derry A, Mirfendereski D (2004) Inflation-indexed Securities. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Croitoru M, Ferré S, Lukose D (eds) (2010) Conceptual Structures: From Information to Intelligence: 18th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2010, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, July 26-30, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
White BC, Zirkelbach S (2014) Behavior and Husbandry of a Captive Group of Woolly Monkeys: A Case Study. In: Defler TR, Stevenson PR (eds) The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research. Springer, New York, NY, pp 61–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Amazing Photographs Of Iceland’s Volcanic Eruption from Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayhan MS (2015) A Probabilistic Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Genzlinger N, Hale M, Lyons M, Brantley B (2017) Vacation Selections For Trump. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lyon 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lyon 2012; Miller and Aricescu 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Aricescu 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Imai et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Pathology
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0815-3191
ISSN (online)1448-6032
ScopePlant Science

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