How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett AJ (2005) The quantum measurement problem. Science 307:871–872
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik P, Frantz S (2003) The biotechnology sector’s craving for commercial expertise is fuelling a cultural exchange with drug industry. Nature 422:542–543
A journal article with 3 authors
de Roode JC, Lefèvre T, Hunter MD (2013) Ecology. Self-medication in animals. Science 340:150–151
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Thomas JA, Knapp JJ, Akino T, et al (2002) Parasitoid secretions provoke ant warfare. Nature 417:505–506

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiman J (2012) As Free and as Just as Possible. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Thompson SG, Ghanea-Hercock R (eds) (2006) Defence Applications of Multi-Agent Systems: International Workshop, DAMAS 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005, Revised and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Huang H-L, Yeh W-C (2006) Knockout and Disease Models in Toll-Like Receptor-Mediated Immunity. In: Chan VL, Sherman PM, Bourke B (eds) Bacterial Genomes and Infectious Diseases. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 41–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Electrical Shocks Bring Patients Out Of Comatose States For Up To A Week. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Telecommunications: Issues Related to Local Telephone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tyler EP (2013) Tectonic geomorphology of quaternary river terraces at Santa Cruz Creek, Santa Maria Basin, Santa Barbara County, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Europe Mission Chief Departs. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leggett 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik and Frantz 2003; Leggett 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smaglik and Frantz 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomas et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Pathology
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0815-3191
ISSN (online)1448-6032
ScopePlant Science

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