How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardebeck JL (2015) Stress orientations in subduction zones and the strength of subduction megathrust faults. Science 349:1213–1216
A journal article with 2 authors
Winograd IJ, Roseboom EH Jr (2008) Nuclear waste. Yucca Mountain revisited. Science 320:1426–1427
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñuelas J, Rutishauser T, Filella I (2009) Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science 324:887–888
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Grupe A, Germer S, Usuka J, et al (2001) In silico mapping of complex disease-related traits in mice. Science 292:1915–1918

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton W (2011) E-Learning by Design. Pfeiffer, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Pokorski M (ed) (2015) Neurotransmitter Interactions and Cognitive Function. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Vidal-Romaní JR, Vaqueiro M, Sanjurjo J (2014) Granite Landforms in Galicia. In: Gutiérrez F, Gutiérrez M (eds) Landscapes and Landforms of Spain. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 63–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Can You Figure Out This Toothpick Brain Teaser? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Space Station: Improving NASA’s Planning for External Maintenance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider MC (2012) The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg J, Corkery M (2017) The Used Car Was Repossessed, But the Lender Is Still Collecting. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardebeck 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Winograd and Roseboom 2008; Hardebeck 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Winograd and Roseboom 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Grupe et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Pathology
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0815-3191
ISSN (online)1448-6032
ScopePlant Science

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