How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beal MF (2010) Parkinson’s disease: a model dilemma. Nature 466:S8-10
A journal article with 2 authors
Hempstead BL, Salzer JL (2002) Neurobiology. A glial spin on neurotrophins. Science 298:1184–1186
A journal article with 3 authors
Rignot E, Rivera A, Casassa G (2003) Contribution of the Patagonia Icefields of South America to sea level rise. Science 302:434–437
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Deng Y, Yu Y, Song Y, et al (2018) Gate-tunable room-temperature ferromagnetism in two-dimensional Fe3GeTe2. Nature 563:94–99

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker SD, Nahar L (2007) Chemistry for Pharmacy Students. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Bloch AM (2015) Nonholonomic Mechanics and Control. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zivot E (2009) Practical Issues in the Analysis of Univariate GARCH Models. In: Mikosch T, Kreiß J-P, Davis RA, Andersen TG (eds) Handbook of Financial Time Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 113–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) This Harpoon Is Being “Fired” Into People’s Hearts To Save Their Lives. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Aviation and the Environment: Results From a Survey of the Nation’s 50 Busiest Commercial Service Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel SI (2010) Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Higgins A (2017) Putin Butts In to Claim There Were No Secrets, And Says He’ll Prove It. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beal 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hempstead and Salzer 2002; Beal 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hempstead and Salzer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Pathology
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0815-3191
ISSN (online)1448-6032
ScopePlant Science

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