How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M (2011) Synthetic genomes: The next step for the synthetic genome. Nature 473:403, 405–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Jinek M, Doudna JA (2009) A three-dimensional view of the molecular machinery of RNA interference. Nature 457:405–412
A journal article with 3 authors
Gardner TJ, Naef F, Nottebohm F (2005) Freedom and rules: the acquisition and reprogramming of a bird’s learned song. Science 308:1046–1049
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Aono N, Sutani T, Tomonaga T, et al (2002) Cnd2 has dual roles in mitotic condensation and interphase. Nature 417:197–202

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olofsson P (2014) Probabilities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cooper DS, Durante C (eds) (2016) Thyroid Cancer: A Case-Based Approach, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Titov DV, Piccioni G, Drossart P, Markiewicz WJ (2013) Radiative Energy Balance in the Venus Atmosphere. In: Bengtsson L, Bonnet R-M, Grinspoon D, et al. (eds) Towards Understanding the Climate of Venus: Applications of Terrestrial Models to Our Sister Planet. Springer, New York, NY, pp 23–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Whales Have Unique Voices. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Need for Improved Controls for Identifying and Correcting Safety Defects on Light Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Capobianco VJ (2017) Effect of slot height variation on the aerodynamic performance of a circulation control airfoil: A CFD analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) A Cathedral-Like Home For a Church’s Peacocks. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jinek and Doudna 2009; Baker 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jinek and Doudna 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Aono et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Pathology
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0815-3191
ISSN (online)1448-6032
ScopePlant Science

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