How to format your references using the Advances in Family Practice Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Family Practice Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Wentworth Jr, Tech.Sight. Antibody design by man and nature, Science. 296 (2002) 2247–2249.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.A. Gatenby, P.K. Maini, Mathematical oncology: cancer summed up, Nature. 421 (2003) 321.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.W.L. Cheung, R. Watson, D. Pauly, Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch, Nature. 497 (2013) 365–368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.G. Reiter, A.P. Makohon-Moore, J.M. Gerold, A. Heyde, M.A. Attiyeh, Z.A. Kohutek, C.J. Tokheim, A. Brown, R.M. DeBlasio, J. Niyazov, A. Zucker, R. Karchin, K.W. Kinzler, C.A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, B. Vogelstein, M.A. Nowak, Minimal functional driver gene heterogeneity among untreated metastases, Science. 361 (2018) 1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.M. Ganda, Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
G. Feuerlicht, W. Lamersdorf, eds., Service-Oriented Computing – ICSOC 2008 Workshops: ICSOC 2008 International Workshops, Sydney, Australia, December 1st, 2008, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Intapong, S. Settapat, B. Kaewkamnerdpong, T. Achalakul, The Design of Modular Web-Based Collaboration, in: T.-H. Kim, A. Stoica, R.-S. Chang (Eds.), Security-Enriched Urban Computing and Smart Grid: First International Conference, SUComS 2010, Daejeon, Korea, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 24–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Family Practice Nursing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mercury-Filled Balloon Popped For Science, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Equipment: Buying Through GSA’s Office of Technology Plus Stores, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Arens, Power, Oppression, and Group Difference Interrogation: A Call to Social Justice Movement Organizations, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.M. Nir, Pocket Dial to Reporter Gets Courts’ Spokesman Fired, New York Times. (2017) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Family Practice Nursing
ISSN (print)2589-420X

Other styles