How to format your references using the Education for Chemical Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education for Chemical Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clack, J.A., 2015. Evolutionary biology: The origin of terrestrial hearing. Nature 519, 168–169.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, R.C., Ryan, M.J., 2013. Interactions of multisensory components perceptually rescue túngara frog mating signals. Science 341, 273–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sasaki, T., Matsuki, N., Ikegaya, Y., 2011. Action-potential modulation during axonal conduction. Science 331, 599–601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hedenström, A., Johansson, L.C., Wolf, M., von Busse, R., Winter, Y., Spedding, G.R., 2007. Bat flight generates complex aerodynamic tracks. Science 316, 894–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furger, C., 2016. Live Cell Assays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Naït-Ali, A. (Ed.), 2009. Advanced Biosignal Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gillick, J., Puri, P., 2009. Pre-operative Management and Vascular Access, in: Puri, P., Höllwarth, M. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education for Chemical Engineers.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. All Psychoactive Substances Are Now Illegal In The UK [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Cloud-Seeding Activities Carried Out in the United States Under Programs Supported by the Federal Agencies (No. B-100063). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, J.J., 2017. Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clack, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Clack, 2015; Taylor and Ryan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Ryan, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hedenström et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation for Chemical Engineers
AbbreviationEduc. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1749-7728
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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