How to format your references using the Education for Chemical Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education for Chemical Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips, R., 2011. Jonathan Widom (1955-2011). Nature 476, 400.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abouheif, E., Wray, G.A., 2002. Evolution of the gene network underlying wing polyphenism in ants. Science 297, 249–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, H., Sun, H., Sun, X., 2014. Survival improvement by decade of patients aged 0-14 years with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a SEER analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4227.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nagamatsu, J., Nakagawa, N., Muranaka, T., Zenitani, Y., Akimitsu, J., 2001. Superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride. Nature 410, 63–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2008. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fichera, G., Magenes, E. (Eds.), 2011. Integrali singolari e questioni connesse, C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Altizer, T.J.J., 2016. To Lissa McCullough (June 13, 1997), in: Grimshaw, M. (Ed.), This Silence Must Now Speak: Letters of Thomas J. J. Altizer, 1995–2015. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 19–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education for Chemical Engineers.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Two Comets For New Year’s Eve [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues (No. GAO-09-130R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, S.M., 2015. The leadership process: An analysis of follower influence on leader behavior in hospital organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zimmerman, E., 2012. 99 Ways to be Naughty in Kazakhstan. New York Times MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Phillips, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Abouheif and Wray, 2002; Phillips, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abouheif and Wray, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Nagamatsu et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation for Chemical Engineers
AbbreviationEduc. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1749-7728
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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