How to format your references using the Education for Chemical Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education for Chemical Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Penner, A.M., 2015. Social Science. Gender inequality in science. Science 347, 234–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Somerville, M.A., Atlas, R.M., 2005. Ethics: a weapon to counter bioterrorism. Science 307, 1881–1882.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakagome, S., Mano, S., Hasegawa, M., 2013. Comment on “Nuclear genomic sequences reveal that polar bears are an old and distinct bear lineage.” Science 339, 1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xia, Z., Chen, H., Kang, S.-G., Huynh, T., Fang, J.W., Lamothe, P.A., Walker, B.D., Zhou, R., 2014. The complex and specific pMHC interactions with diverse HIV-1 TCR clonotypes reveal a structural basis for alterations in CTL function. Sci. Rep. 4, 4087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMillan, E.J., 2010. Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Usher, R., 2007. Lifelong Learning – Signs, Discourses, Practices, Lifelong Learning Book Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kar-Narayan, S., Crossley, S., Mathur, N.D., 2014. Electrocaloric Multilayer Capacitors, in: Correia, T., Zhang, Q. (Eds.), Electrocaloric Materials: New Generation of Coolers, Engineering Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 91–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education for Chemical Engineers.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. PhD Student Finds Two Massive Stars With Magnetic Fields In A Binary System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Computers: Information on the Patent and Trademark Office Automation Program (No. IMTEC-86-4FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krepstekies, C., 2010. News Media Representations of Women in the U.S. Military Post September 11, 2001 (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Moschen, I., 2012. On Train Line’s Far Reaches, a Conductor Who Offers Full Service. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Penner, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Penner, 2015; Somerville and Atlas, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Somerville and Atlas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation for Chemical Engineers
AbbreviationEduc. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1749-7728
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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