How to format your references using the Education for Chemical Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education for Chemical Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nafie, L.A., 2013. Physical chemistry: handedness detected by microwaves. Nature 497, 446–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucadamo, G., Medlin, D.L., 2003. Geometric origin of hexagonal close packing at a grain boundary in gold. Science 300, 1272–1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, C.D., Coen, P., Tank, D.W., 2012. Choice-specific sequences in parietal cortex during a virtual-navigation decision task. Nature 484, 62–68.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blättler, C.L., Claire, M.W., Prave, A.R., Kirsimäe, K., Higgins, J.A., Medvedev, P.V., Romashkin, A.E., Rychanchik, D.V., Zerkle, A.L., Paiste, K., Kreitsmann, T., Millar, I.L., Hayles, J.A., Bao, H., Turchyn, A.V., Warke, M.R., Lepland, A., 2018. Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth’s great oxidation. Science 360, 320–323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ansons, A.M., Davis, H., 2008. Diagnosis and Management of Ocular Motility Disorders. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jürgensen, H., Karhumäki, J., Okhotin, A. (Eds.), 2014. Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 16th International Workshop, DCFS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 5-8, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rocchi, P., 2010. Intelligent Adaptation and the Nature of Software Changes, in: Wang, Y., Zhang, D., Kinsner, W. (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education for Chemical Engineers.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Earth’s Deepest Water May Be 1,000 Kilometers Below The Surface [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Global Positioning System: Significant Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Widely Used Capabilities (No. GAO-09-670T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roache, R.S., 2015. Missouri Public School Teachers’ Perception of Tenure (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer, A.E., 2008. In Georgia, a Claim Russia Is Making More Advances. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nafie, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lucadamo and Medlin, 2003; Nafie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucadamo and Medlin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Blättler et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation for Chemical Engineers
AbbreviationEduc. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1749-7728
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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