How to format your references using the Education for Chemical Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education for Chemical Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moritz, M.A., 2012. Wildfires ignite debate on global warming. Nature 487, 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Attrill, M.J., Power, M., 2002. Climatic influence on a marine fish assemblage. Nature 417, 275–278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerber, L.R., Hyrenbach, K.D., Zacharias, M.A., 2005. Ecology. Do the largest protected areas conserve whales or whalers? Science 307, 525–526.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gartia, M.R., Seo, S., Kim, J., Chang, T.-W., Bahl, G., Lu, M., Liu, G.L., Eden, J.G., 2014. Injection-seeded optoplasmonic amplifier in the visible. Sci. Rep. 4, 6168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff, H.A., Reuben, B.G., Plotkin, J.S., 2012. Industrial Organic Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Juneau, J., 2011. Java 7 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Taneja, P., Vellinga, T., Ros, R., 2014. Role of Flexibility in Sustainable Port Development, in: Gheorghe, A.V., Masera, M., Katina, P.F. (Eds.), Infranomics: Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance, Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education for Chemical Engineers.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Could We Be Wrong About The Speed Of Light? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed (No. PEMD-85-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bebianno Simoes, M., 2012. Work and social activism in the life stories of Latina domestic workers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rafkin, L., 2011. Sascha Rothchild and Matt Kay. New York Times ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moritz, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Attrill and Power, 2002; Moritz, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Attrill and Power, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gartia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation for Chemical Engineers
AbbreviationEduc. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1749-7728
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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